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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2023, California was the seventh-largest producer of crude oil among the 50 states, and the state ranked third in crude oil refining capacity. 
  • California is the largest consumer of jet fuel and second-largest consumer of motor gasoline among the 50 states.
  • California is the second-largest total energy consumer among the states, after Texas, but its per capita energy consumption is the fourth-lowest in the nation.
  • In 2023, renewable resources, including hydroelectric power and small-scale solar power, supplied 54% of California's in-state electricity generation. Natural gas fueled another 39% and nuclear power provided almost all the rest.
  • In 2023, California was the fourth-largest electricity producer in the nation. It is also the nation’s third-largest electricity consumer and imports more electricity than any other state.

Last Updated: May 16, 2024

More Data & Analysis in California

California, U.S. Rankings

Consumption
Total Energy per Capita 48
Expenditures
Total Energy per Capita 30
Production
Total Energy 12
Crude Oil 8
Natural Gas 15
Coal --
Electricity 4
Prices
Natural Gas 5
Electricity 2
Environment
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2

See rankings for all states ›

Today In Energy

West Coast summer refinery margins decline despite reduced capacity
Jul 09, 2024

U.S. hydropower generation expected to increase by 6% in 2024 following last year’s lows
Apr 17, 2024

See all articles for this state ›

California at a Glance

Southern
California Daily
Energy Report ›

Reference

State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

California Energy Commission

California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), Energy

California Department of Community Services and Development

California Department of Conservation, Geologic Energy Management Division

California Air Resources Board

more

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