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Indiana   Indiana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2021, Indiana was the sixth-largest fuel ethanol producer in the nation. The state produced nearly 1.2 billion gallons of fuel ethanol, which accounted for almost 8% of U.S. total production.
  • In 2022, Indiana was the nation’s third-largest coal consumer, after Texas and Missouri. Coal fueled 52% of Indiana's electricity net generation that year, the sixth-highest share of any state. 
  • Indiana's industrial sector is the state's largest energy consumer, accounting for 46% of Indiana's energy consumption in 2021. The state leads the nation in steelmaking, an energy-intensive industry, and manufactures almost 90% of the recreational vehicles sold in the nation.
  • Indiana's Whiting refinery can process about 435,000 barrels of crude oil per calendar day and is the largest inland oil refinery in the nation. Only six U.S. refineries (three in Texas and three in Louisiana) can process more crude oil.
  • In 2022, wind power provided 10% of Indiana’s total electricity net generation, and solar, biomass, and  hydropower combined accounted for about 2%.

Last Updated: September 21, 2023

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