Frequently Asked Questions

Does EIA publish electricity consumption and price data by state and by utility?

Yes, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes retail electricity sales (a proxy for consumption) and retail electricity prices by state, by type of end-use (consuming) sector, by type of provider (utilities and power marketers), and for individual providers. Monthly and annual data (preliminary and final) are available in several reports and data files.

Electric Power Monthly—preliminary data by state and consuming sector for most recent month and for year-to-date
  • Sales—Tables 5.4.A and 5.4.B; total annual sales are published in Table 5.4.B of the February edition
  • Prices—Tables 5.6.A and 5.6.B; average annual prices are published in Table 5.6.B of the February edition
Electric Power Annual—final annual data by state and by consuming sector for the two most recent years available
  • Sales—Table 8
  • Prices—Table 10
State Electricity Profiles—final annual data back to 1990. Scroll down each profile page to find link at left for full data tables 1–12. The file has worksheets for each table.
  • Table 3—sales by top five providers by type of consuming sector
  • Table 8—sales and prices by type of consuming sector
  • Table 10—sales by type of provider

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price—annual sales and average annual prices by state and by individual providers.

Form EIA-861M detailed data—preliminary and final monthly and annual data back to 1990 in sales and revenue files on the right side of the page. The files include data for U.S. territories.
  • Aggregated file—sales and prices by state and type of consuming sector
  • Year files—revenue and sales (divide revenue by sales to calculate price) by state, by type of provider, by consuming sector, and by major individual utilities
Detailed state data files—final annual data by state, type of provider, and consuming sector back to 1990
State Energy Data System—annual electricity consumption (retail sales) and average annual prices by state and end-use (consuming) sectors back to 1960 or 1970. Data are available in units of trillion British thermal units (Btu) (there are 3,412 Btu in a kilowatthour) and in physical units (million kilowatthours) in the files for full reports and data files.

Learn more:
Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge data?
Factors Affecting Electricity Prices

Last updated: September 15, 2017


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