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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Does EIA have data on each power plant in the United States?

Monthly and total annual fuel consumption, fuel cost, power generation, and various environmental data for U.S. electric power plants that have a total generating capacity of one megawatt or greater are collected with the EIA-923 survey and published in the EIA-923 database. Estimates of annual emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) for individual power plants by type of fuel are available in Excel files. Data on monthly cooling water use at power plants is available in Excel files.

Information about the individual electricity generators at U.S. power plants, including the operational status, generating capacity, primary energy sources used, type of prime mover, location, the month and year of initial operation, and other information is collected with the EIA-860 survey and published in the EIA-860 database.

Preliminary monthly data (most recent available) on the current status of existing, proposed, retired, and canceled or postponed generating units at U.S. electric power plants are published in the EIA-860M database.

The Electricity Data Browser has selected plant-level data including location (state), types of prime mover and generator technology, primary fuel/energy source, electricity generation by fuel type, fuel consumption, cooling water use, and emissions of CO2, SO2, and NOx. Estimates of annual emissions from individual power plants and by U.S. geographic regions are also available in Excel files.

Selected plant-level data are available as API (Application Programming Interface). See plant-level data as API with the API Dashboard.

Learn more:
A Guide to EIA Electric Power Data

Updated: July 10, 2024.

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