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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

U.S. residential sector electricity consumption by major end uses in 2020, as projected in the Annual Energy Outlook 2021

End useBillion kWhShare of total
Space cooling23616%
Space heating19015%
Water heating17812%
Refrigeration87
6%
Clothes dryers635%
Lighting624%
Televisions and related equipment161
4%
Computers and related equipment2
252%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps23
2%
Freezers20
1%
Cooking
161%
Clothes washers3111%
Dishwashers38
1%
Other uses452231%
Total consumption1,504 
1 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.
2 Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.
3 Does not include water heating.
4 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. Does not include electric vehicle charging.

Learn more:
Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption
Energy Explained: Energy use in homes
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

Last updated: February 3, 2021


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