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Frequently Asked Questions

How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

U.S. residential sector electricity consumption by major end uses in 2019, as projected in the Annual Energy Outlook 2020:

End useBillion kWhShare of total
Space cooling22616%
Space heating20915%
Water heating17412%
Refrigeration86
6%
Lighting755%
Clothes dryers614%
Televisions and related equipment161
4%
Computers and related equipment2
262%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps26
2%
Freezers20
1%
Cooking
161%
Clothes washers3111%
Dishwashers38
1%
Other uses443931%
Total consumption1,437 
1 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.
2 Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.
3 Does not include water heating.
4 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. Does not include electric vehicle charging.

Learn more:
Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption
Energy use in homes
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

Last updated: January 30, 2020


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