How is electricity used in U.S. homes?
U.S. residential sector electricity consumption by major end uses in 2018, as projected in the Annual Energy Outlook 2019:
|Share of total |
|Space cooling || 214 |
|Space heating || 207 ||14% |
|Water heating || 174 ||12% |
|Lighting || 91 || 6% |
|Refrigeration || 87 || 6% |
|Televisions and related equipment1 || 62 || 4% |
|Clothes dryers || 60 || 4% |
|Computers and related equipment2 || 26 || 2% |
|Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps || 25 || 2% |
|Freezers || 20 || 1% |
|Cooking || 16 || 1% |
|Clothes washers3 || 10 || 1% |
|Dishwashers3 || 7 || 1% |
|Other uses4 || 460 |
|Total consumption ||1,462 || |
1 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.
2 Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.
3 Does not include water heating.
4 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. Does not include electric vehicle charging.
Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)
Last updated: January 28, 2019
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