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Frequently Asked Questions

How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

U.S. residential sector electricity consumption by major end uses in 2017, as projected in the Annual Energy Outlook 2018:


End use

Billion kWh
Share of total
Space cooling   212
15%
Water heating   131  10%
Lighting   129   9%
Refrigeration   100   7%
Space heating     86   6%
Televisions and related equipment1     81   6%
Clothes dryers     56
  4%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps     32   2%
Computers and related equipment2     31   2%
Cooking     31   2%
Dishwashers     28   2%
Freezers     21   2%
Clothes washers3      7   1%
Other uses4   430
31%
Total consumption 1,374  

1 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.
2 Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.
3 Does not include water heating.
4 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. Does not include electric vehicle charging.

Learn more:
Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

Last updated: February 8, 2018


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