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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Does EIA publish data on peak or hourly electricity generation, demand, and prices?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes the Hourly Electric Grid Monitor, a website tool that includes data and visualizations of electricity supply and demand for the U.S. electric power grid on a national level and on regional levels. The Hourly Electric Grid Monitor provides:

  • Data on hourly electricity generation by types of energy/fuel source
  • Data on hourly sub-regional electricity demand for certain electricity grid balancing authorities in the Lower 48 states
  • Charts to illustrate fluctuations in electricity supply and demand during selectable time periods

The Hourly Electric Grid Monitor also allows users to create custom dashboards that can be saved and shared.

Electricity supply includes net electricity generation and electricity interchanges (transfers) between regions. Regions include the operational areas of the electric system balancing authorities that make up the U.S. electric grid. Read more about the Hourly Electric Grid Monitor.

In addition, EIA provides data on peak summer and winter electricity demand for individual utilities in the Operational Data file of the Form EIA-861 database files.

EIA does not publish hourly electricity price data, but it does publish wholesale electricity market information including daily volumes, high and low prices, and weighted-average prices on a biweekly basis.

Learn more:
Electricity in the United States
Articles on electricity

Last reviewed: August 2, 2023.

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