U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

This page has no sub-navigation. Skip to page content.

Does EIA publish electricity sales and price data by state and by utility?

Yes, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes retail electricity sales (which represent the majority of electric utility customer end-use electricity consumption) and average retail prices of electricity to end users (retail prices) by state, by type of provider (utilities and power marketers), by individual providers, and by type of end-use (consuming) sector.

The average retail price of electricity that we publish include all costs for delivered electricity, including generation, transmission, distribution, taxes, fees, etc. We derive these electricity prices by dividing utility revenues from retail electricity sales (in dollars) by their retail sales of electricity (in kilowatthours). The retail electricity prices we publish are actually not utility rates. Rates are the prices applied to individual or itemized electricity services, such as for the electricity itself (which could be from a supplier different from the distribution utility), and for the delivery of the electricity and other services or charges. Rates are generally based on the type of customer and the amount of electricity they use, and sometimes when they use electricity. Rates applied by investor-owned utilities are subject to review and approval by state utility regulatory agencies.

Monthly and annual retail sales and retail price data (preliminary and final) are available in several reports and data files.

Electric Power Monthly—preliminary data by state and consuming sector for most recent month and for year-to-date for:

  • Sales—Tables 5.4.A and 5.4.B; total annual sales are published in Table 5.4.B of the February edition
  • Prices—Tables 5.6.A and 5.6.B; average annual prices are published in Table 5.6.B of the February edition

Electric Power Annual—final annual data by state and by consuming sector for the two most recent years available for:

  • Sales—Table 2.8
  • Prices—Table 2.10

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price—annual sales and average annual prices by state and by individual providers.

Form EIA-861M detailed data—preliminary and final monthly and annual data back to 1990 in the sales and revenue files on the right side of the page. The sales and revenue files include data for U.S. territories.

  • Aggregated file—sales and prices by state and type of consuming sector
  • Year files—revenue and sales (divide revenue by sales to calculate price) for major individual utilities, by state, by type of provider, and by consuming sector

Detailed state data files—final annual data by state, type of provider, and consuming sector back to 1990 for:

State Electricity Profiles—state-level annual retail sales and annual direct use electricity, and retail prices by consuming sector, from 1990 to most recent year available. Total annual retail sales plus annual direct use electricity equal total annual electricity consumption. At each state's page, scroll down the page to find the link at left for full data Tables 1–17. The file has worksheets for each table.

  • Tables 1 and 10—total retail sales by type of provider and total direct use electricity
  • Table 3—sales by top five providers by type of consuming sector
  • Table 8—sales and average retail prices by type of consuming sector
  • Table 9—sales and average retail prices by type of provider

State Energy Data System—annual electricity consumption (retail sales) and average annual prices by state and end-use (consuming) sectors back to 1960 or 1970. Data are available in units of trillion British thermal units (Btu) (there are 3,412 Btu in a kilowatthour) and in physical units (million kilowatthours) in the files for full reports and data files.

Learn more:
Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge data?
Factors affecting electricity prices

Last reviewed: February 6, 2024.

Other FAQs about Electricity