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Frequently Asked Questions

Does EIA publish electricity consumption and price data by state and by utility?

Yes, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes retail electricity sales (a proxy for the majority of end-use electricity consumption) and retail electricity prices by state, by type of end-use (consuming) sector, by type of provider (utilities and power marketers), and for individual providers. Monthly and annual retail sales and retail price data (preliminary and final) are available in several reports and data files.

Electric Power Monthly—preliminary data by state and consuming sector for most recent month and for year-to-date

  • Sales—Tables 5.4.A and 5.4.B; total annual sales are published in Table 5.4.B of the February edition
  • Prices—Tables 5.6.A and 5.6.B; average annual prices are published in Table 5.6.B of the February edition

Electric Power Annual—final annual data by state and by consuming sector for the two most recent years available

  • Sales—Table 2.8
  • Prices—Table 2.10

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price—annual sales and average annual prices by state and by individual providers.

Form EIA-861M detailed data—preliminary and final monthly and annual data back to 1990 in sales and revenue files on the right side of the page. The files include data for U.S. territories.

  • Aggregated file—sales and prices by state and type of consuming sector
  • Year files—revenue and sales (divide revenue by sales to calculate price) by state, by type of provider, by consuming sector, and by major individual utilities

Detailed state data files—final annual data by state, type of provider, and consuming sector back to 1990

State Energy Data System—annual electricity consumption (retail sales) and average annual prices by state and end-use (consuming) sectors back to 1960 or 1970. Data are available in units of trillion British thermal units (Btu) (there are 3,412 Btu in a kilowatthour) and in physical units (million kilowatthours) in the files for full reports and data files.

EIA also publishes historical state-level annual retail sales and annual direct use electricity, and retail prices, back to 1990 in the State Electricity Profiles. Total annual retail sales plus annual direct use electricity equal total annual electricity consumption. At each State Electric Profile page, scroll down the page to find the link at left for full data tables 1–14. The file has worksheets for each table.

  • Tables 1 and 10—total retail sales by type of provider and total direct use electricity
  • Table 3—sales by top five providers by type of consuming sector
  • Table 8—sales and prices by type of consuming sector

Learn more:
Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge data?
Factors Affecting Electricity Prices

Last updated: January 10, 2019

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