Does EIA have data on the type or quality of crude oil?
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes data on the quality of crude oil produced in the United States:
EIA also publishes the sulfur content and API gravity of crude oil imported into the United States, along with the volume, source country, and name of the processing facility (refinery) that received the oil, in the data file for the Company Level Imports. Columns M and N in the data file have the sulfur and API gravity data. EIA’s crude (oil) imports tracking tool contains data on crude oil imports by crude oil grade.
The U.S. continued to produce more light crude oil in 2019 and import less heavy crude oil
Crude oil used by U.S. refineries continues to get lighter in most regions
The United States tends to produce lighter crude oil and import heavier crude oil
The United States continues to increase production of lighter crude oil
Crude oil entering Gulf Coast refineries has become lighter as imports have declined
The API gravity of crude oil produced in the U.S. varies widely across states
Changing crude (oil) quality mix is affecting crude price differentials and refining decisions
U.S. Crude Oil Production to 2025: Updated Projection of Crude Types
Last reviewed: September 21, 2022
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