Frequently Asked Questions

When was the last refinery built in the United States?

There were a total of 141 operable petroleum refineries in the United States as of January 1, 2016.

Two new refineries began operating in 2015.  Petromax Refining Co began operating a 25,000 b/cd refinery in Houston in the second quarter.  Buckeye Partners LP began operating a 46,250 b/cd condensate processing facility in Corpus Christi in the fourth quarter.

However, the newest refinery with significant downstream unit capacity began operating in 1977 in Garyville, Louisiana. That facility came online in 1977 with an initial atmospheric distillation unit capacity of 200,000 b/cd and as of January 1, 2016 had capacity of 539,000 b/cd.

Capacity has also been added to existing refineries through upgrades or new construction. Some recent examples of large increases include:

  •  In 2012, Motiva upgraded its refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, making it the largest refinery in the U.S. with a capacity of 603,000 b/cd as of January 1, 2016.
  •  In 2009, Marathon upgraded its Garyville, Louisiana refinery.  As of January 1, 2016, the capacity is more than double its original 1977 capacity.

The newest refineries currently operating in the United States:

Year Built First Operated Location Original Owner Original Capacity b/cd Current Owner 2016 Capacity b/cd
2015 2015 Corpus Christi, TX Buckeye Partners 46,250 Buckeye Partners 46,250
2015 2015 Houston, TX Petromax Refining  25,000 Petromax Refining 25,000
2014 2015 Dickinson, ND Dakota Prairie Refining 19,000 Dakota Praire Refining 19,500
2014 2015 Galena Park, TX Kinder Morgan 42,000 Kinder Morgan 84,000
2008 2008 Douglas, WY Interline Resources 3,000 Antelope Refining  3,800
1998 1998 Atmore, AL Goodway 4,100 Goodway 4,100
1993 1993 Valdez, AK Petro Star 26,300 Petro Star 55,000
1991 1992 Ely, NV  Petro Source 7,000 Foreland 2,000
1986 1987 North Pole, AK Petro Star 6,700 Petro Star 19,700
1985 1986 Prudhoe Bay, AK  ARCO 12,000 ConocoPhillips 15,000
1979 1980 Wilmington, CA Huntway 5,400 Valero 6,300
1978 1979 Vicksburg, MS Ergon 10,000 Ergon 23,000
1978 1979 North Slope, AK ARCO 13,000 BP Exploration, AK 10,500
1977 1978 Lake Charles, LA Calcasieu 6,500 Calcasieu 89,000
1976 1977 Garyville, LA Marathon 200,000 Marathon 539,000
1976 1977 Krotz Springs, LA Gold King 5,000 Alon 80,000
1975 1975 Corpus Christi, TX Saber 15,000 Valero 293,000

Learn more:
Refinery Capacity Report
Articles on petroleum refining

Last updated: June 22, 2016


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