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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign countries?

In 2019, U.S. net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum from foreign countries averaged about 0.53 million barrels per day, equal to about 2.7% of average daily U.S. petroleum consumption. This was the lowest percentage since 1949, the first year for which the U.S. Energy Information Administration has historical data.

Petroleum includes crude oil and petroleum products. Petroleum products include gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, jet fuel, chemical feedstocks, asphalt, biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel), and other products.

Learn more:
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
Petroleum—Trade Overview (Table 3.3a, graphs and data)
Oil Imports and Exports
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
U.S. oil import dependence: declining no matter how you measure it
Articles on energy imports

Last updated: March 3, 2020, with preliminary data from the Petroleum Supply Monthly, February 2020.


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