U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

This page has no sub-navigation. Skip to page content.

How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign countries?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine precisely how much of the crude oil imported into (or produced in) the United States is consumed in the United States. Crude oil that is imported into the United States is usually refined into petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel, which are then consumed in the United States, exported, or added to inventories. Some imported crude oil may be added to (and mixed with domestic crude oil) in storage (inventories), some of which may later be re-exported (along with the domestically produced crude oil).

In 2023, U.S. crude oil production averaged about 12.933 million barrels per day (b/d), crude oil imports averaged about 6.478 million b/d, and crude oil exports averaged about 4.058 million b/d, with net crude oil imports averaging about 2.420 million b/d.

In 2023, U.S. total petroleum production (crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, biofuels, and refinery processing gain) averaged about 21.691 million b/d. Total petroleum imports (including crude oil) averaged about 8.514 million b/d and total petroleum averaged about 10.150 million b/d. This was the fourth consecutive year (since at least 1949) that annual total petroleum exports were greater than total petroleum imports.  

Learn more:
How much oil is consumed in the United States
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
U.S. Imports by Country of Origin of crude oil and petroleum products
U.S. Company Level Imports of crude oil and petroleum products
U.S. Crude Import Tracking Tool for crude oil imports by grade and quality, source country, area of entry, and receiving refinery
U.S. Exports by Destination of crude oil and petroleum products
Petroleum—Trade Overview (Table 3.3a, graphs and data)
U.S. petroleum flow
Energy Explained: Oil Imports and Exports
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
U.S. oil import dependence: declining no matter how you measure it
Articles on energy imports

Last updated: March 29, 2024, with data from Monthly Energy Review, March 2024; preliminary data.

Other FAQs about Oil/Petroleum