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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign countries?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine precisely how much of the crude oil imported into (or produced in) the United States is consumed in the United States. Crude oil that is imported into the United States is usually refined into petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel, which are then consumed in the United States, exported, and/or added to inventories. Some imported crude oil may be added to (and mixed with domestic crude oil) in storage/inventories, some of which may later be re-exported (along with the domestically produced crude oil).

In 2021, U.S. crude oil production equaled about 11.19 million barrels per day (b/d), crude oil imports equaled 6.11 million b/d, and crude oil exports equaled 2.98 million b/d, with net crude oil imports equaling 3.13 million b/d.

In 2021, U.S. total petroleum imports equaled about 8.47 million b/d and total petroleum exports were 8.63 million b/d, with net total petroleum exports equaling about 0.16 million b/d. This was the second year (along with 2020) since at least 1949 that annual total petroleum exports were greater than total petroleum imports.

Learn more:
How much oil is consumed in the United States
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
U.S. Imports by Country of Origin of crude oil and petroleum products
U.S. Company Level Imports of crude oil and petroelum products
U.S. Crude Import Tracking Tool for crude oil imports by grade and quality, source country, area of entry, and receiving refinery
U.S. Exports by Destination of crude oil and petroleum products
Petroleum—Trade Overview (Table 3.3a, graphs and data)
U.S. petroleum flow, 2020
Energy Explained: Oil Imports and Exports
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
U.S. oil import dependence: declining no matter how you measure it
Articles on energy imports

Last updated: March 9, 2022, with preliminary data


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