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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign countries?

In 2020, U.S. total annual petroleum net imports (imports minus exports) from foreign countries averaged -635 million barrels per day (b/d).1 In other words, total annual U.S. petroleum exports in 2020 were 635 million barrels per day greater than petroleum imports. This was the first year since at least 1949 that total annual petroleum imports were less than exports (exports were greater than imports) and net petroleum imports’ percentage share of annual petroleum consumption was negative at -3.5%.

Petroleum includes crude oil and petroleum products. Petroleum products include gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, jet fuel, chemical feedstocks, asphalt, biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel), and other products.

Learn more:
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
Petroleum—Trade Overview (Table 3.3a, graphs and data)
U.S. petroleum flow, 2020
Oil Imports and Exports
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
U.S. oil import dependence: declining no matter how you measure it
Articles on energy imports

Last updated: October 4, 2021, with data from the Petroleum Supply Annual, August 2021.


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