U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Frequently Asked Questions

How much petroleum does the United States import and export?

In 2016, the United States imported approximately 10.1 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from about 70 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, liquefied refinery gases, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. About 78% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil.

In 2016, the United States exported about 5.2 MMb/d of petroleum to 101 countries. Most of the exports were petroleum products. The resulting net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum were about 4.9 MMb/d.

The top five source countries of U.S. petroleum imports in 2016 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Colombia.  


Top sources and amounts of U.S. petroleum imports (percent share of total), respective exports, and net imports, 2016
million barrels per day
Import  sourcesGross importsExportsNet imports
Total, all countries10.065.194.87
OPEC countries3.45 (34%)0.223.23
Persian Gulf countries1.76 (18%)0.021.74
Top five countries1
Canada3.80 (38%)0.872.93
Saudi Arabia1.11 (11%)0.001.10
Venezuela0.80   (8%)0.080.72
Mexico0.67   (7%)0.88-0.21
Colombia0.48   (5%)0.150.34

1 Based on gross imports by country of origin.

The top five destination countries of U.S. petroleum exports in 2016, export volume, and share of total petroleum exports

Mexico—0.88 MMb/d—17%
Canada—0.87 MMb/d—17%
Netherlands—0.29 MMb/d—6%
Brazil—0.26 MMb/d—5%
Japan—0.25 MMb/d—5%

Learn more:
How much oil consumed in the United States comes from foreign countries?
Petroleum (historical monthly and annual data for the United States)
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
Articles on U.S. petroleum production, imports, exports, and consumption
U.S. Oil Import Dependence: Declining no matter how you measure it
Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors

Last updated: April 4, 2017

Other FAQs about

On This Page:


Conversion & Equivalents





General Energy

Natural Gas





Full list of upcoming reports

Sign up for email notifications

Get the What's New RSS feed

Didn't find the answer to your question? Ask an energy expert.