Frequently Asked Questions

How much of the oil produced in the United States is consumed in the United States?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine the exact amount of crude oil produced in the United States that is consumed in the United States. However, most of the crude oil produced in the United States is refined in U.S. refineries to make petroleum products. The United States exports small volumes of domestically produced crude oil, most of it to Canada, some of which may actually return to the United States as refined products. Since early 2011, the United States has been a net exporter (exports were greater than imports) of noncrude oil petroleum liquids and refined petroleum products. EIA is unable to track how much the exported petroleum products were made from domestically produced crude oil.

The United States also produces other liquids that are used in the crude oil refining process, or that are added to refined petroleum products, or that are used by the petrochemical industry and other consumers.

In 2016, the United States produced an average of about 8.9 million barrels of crude oil per day (MMbd), about 3.5 MMbd of hydrocarbon gas liquids (natural gas plant liquids and liquefied refinery gases), and about 1.1 MMbd of biofuels, for a total petroleum production of about 13.5 MMbd.

Total petroleum consumption averaged about 19.6 MMbd in 2016. The difference between petroleum production and consumption is mainly made up of net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum, changes in petroleum inventories, and petroleum refinery processing gain.

Learn more:
How much oil is consumed in the United States?
Monthly Energy Review: Petroleum Overview (Table 3.1)
U.S. petroleum supply and disposition
Energy Explained: Oil Imports and Exports

Last updated: May 15, 2017


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