In 2019, the United States imported about 9.10 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from nearly 90 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, hydrocarbon gas liquids, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels (including ethanol and biodiesel). Crude oil imports of about 6.79 MMb/d accounted for about 75% U.S. total gross petroleum imports in 2019, and non-crude oil petroleum accounted for about 25% of total gross petroleum imports.
In 2019, the United States exported about 8.57 MMb/d of petroleum to about 190 countries and 4 U.S. territories. Crude oil exports of about 2.98 MMb/d accounted for 35% of total gross petroleum exports in 2019. The resulting total net petroleum imports (imports minus exports) were about 0.53 MMb/d in 2019.
The top five source countries of U.S. gross petroleum imports in 2019 were Canada, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and Colombia.
|Import sources||Gross imports||Exports||Net imports|
|Total, all countries||9.10||8.57||0.53|
|OPEC countries||1.64 (18%)||0.21||1.43|
|Persian Gulf countries||0.96 (11%)||0.05||0.91|
|Top five countries1|
|Saudi Arabia||0.53 (6%)||<0.01||0.53|
|Note: Preliminary data. Ranking in the table is based on gross imports by country of origin. Net imports volumes in the table may not equal gross imports minus exports because of independent rounding of data.|
The top five destination countries of U.S. total gross petroleum exports, export volume, and share of total petroleum exports in 2019 were
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
U.S. petroleum imports by country of origin
U.S. petroleum exports by destination
U.S. net petroleum imports by country
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Last updated: March 3, 2020, with preliminary data from the Petroleum Supply Monthly, February 2020