How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
In 2019, the United States imported about 9.14 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from about 90 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, hydrocarbon gas liquids, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels (including ethanol and biodiesel). Crude oil imports of about 6.80 MMb/d accounted for about 74% of U.S. total gross petroleum imports in 2019, and non-crude oil petroleum accounted for about 26% of U.S. total gross petroleum imports.
In 2019, the United States exported about 8.47 MMb/d of petroleum to about 190 countries and 4 U.S. territories. Crude oil exports of about 2.98 MMb/d accounted for 35% of total U.S. gross petroleum exports in 2019. The resulting total net petroleum imports (imports minus exports) were about 0.67 MMb/d in 2019.
The top five source countries of U.S. gross petroleum imports in 2019 were Canada, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and Colombia.
Top sources and amounts of U.S. petroleum imports (percentage share of total), respective exports, and net imports, 2019
million barrels per day
|Import sources||Gross imports||Exports||Net imports|
|Total, all countries||9.14||8.47||0.67|
|OPEC countries||1.64 (18%)||0.08||1.56|
|Persian Gulf countries||0.96 (11%)||0.05||0.91|
|Top five countries1|
|Saudi Arabia||0.53 (6%)||<0.01||0.53|
|Colombia||0.37 (4%)|| 0.14||0.24|
|Note: Ranking in the table is based on gross imports by country of origin. Net import volumes in the table may not equal gross imports minus exports because of independent rounding of data.|
The top five destination countries of U.S. total gross petroleum exports, export volume, and share of total petroleum exports in 2019 were
- Mexico—1.19 MMb/d—14%
- Canada—1.04 MMb/d—12%
- Japan—0.58 MMb/d—7%
- South Korea—0.56 MMb/d—7%
- Brazil—0.47 MMb/d—6%
Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
U.S. petroleum imports by country of origin
U.S. petroleum exports by destination
U.S. net petroleum imports by country
Today In Energy articles on oil/petroleum
This Week In Petroleum articles
Last updated: September 4, 2020, with data from the Petroleum Supply Annual, August 2020
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