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How much electricity is used for lighting in the United States?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates in the Annual Energy Outlook 2023 that in 2022, the U.S. residential and commercial sectors combined used about 213 billion kilowatthours (kWh) of electricity for lighting. This was equal to about 7% of estimated total electricity consumption by both of these sectors and about 5% of estimated total U.S. electricity consumption by all sectors.

U.S. electricity consumption for lighting by residential and commercial sectors in 20221
Sector Billion kilowatthoursShare of sector’s total electricity useShare of U.S. total electricity use
Commercial 14611%4%
Residential 674%2%
1 Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case projections for 2022, Tables 4 and 5

The commercial sector includes commercial and institutional buildings, and public street and highway lighting, EIA does not have an estimate of electricity use specifically for public street and highway lighting.

In 2018, about 48 billion kWh were consumed for facility lighting in manufacturing facilities, which was equal to about 1.2% of total U.S. electricity consumption in 2018.1

1 This is the most recent data available at the time that this FAQ was updated.

Learn more:
EIA projections for energy use in the residential and commercial sectors in Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case Tables 4 Table 5
Articles on lighting
Energy Explained: Use of electricity
Energy Explained: Energy use in homes
Energy Explained: Energy use in commercial buildings
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)
Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)
Trends in Lighting in Commercial Buildings
U.S. Department of Energy market studies on lighting

Last updated: March 28, 2023

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