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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2018, South Dakota accounted for about 7% of U.S. total fuel ethanol production, and in 2020, the state ranked fourth in the nation in ethanol production capacity.
  • In 2020, renewable resources provided about 83% of South Dakota's total utility-scale electricity net generation. Hydroelectric power accounted for about 50% of total generation and wind for about 33%.
  • Oil production in South Dakota has ranged between about 1 million and 2 million barrels per year for four decades; however, production fell to its lowest level since1982 in 2020 and accounted for less than 0.03% of U.S. total crude oil production.
  • Per capita electricity retail sales to South Dakota's residential sector are among the top one-third of states, in part because about one-third of households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating during the state's extremely cold winters.
  • South Dakota’s total electricity net generation in 2020 was almost two and a half times greater than it was in 2008, primarily because of increased generation from wind, hydropower, and natural gas.

Last Updated: May 20, 2021

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