U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Vermont   Vermont Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Vermont consumes more than three times as much energy as it produces, but its total energy consumption is the smallest among the states, which contributes to Vermont having the lowest energy-related carbon dioxide emissions of any state.
  • About 60% of Vermont households heat with petroleum products and 13% use wood, both the highest shares of those two fuels in any state. More than one-third of Vermont schoolchildren attend facilities heated by wood products.  
  • In 2020, Vermont generated about 100% of its electricity from renewable resources, a larger share than in any other state. About 58% of Vermont's utility-scale in-state generation came from conventional hydroelectric power.
  • In 2020, Vermont’s five utility-scale wind farms accounted for about 15% of the state’s total electricity net generation, a larger share than in three-fourths of the states.
  • Vermont’s 2016 Comprehensive Energy Plan set an overall goal of obtaining 90% of all energy used in the state from renewable resources by 2050.

Last Updated: September 16, 2021

More Data & Analysis in Vermont