U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

New Mexico   New Mexico Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • New Mexico is the nation’s second-largest crude oil-producing state, after Texas. In 2023, the state accounted for 14% of total U.S. crude oil production.
  • New Mexico is among the top 10 natural gas-producing states and accounts for 7% of the nation’s total natural gas gross withdrawals. The state also has almost 7% of U.S. proved natural gas reserves.
  • New Mexico has almost 3% of the nation’s estimated recoverable coal reserves, 10th-largest among the states. The state accounts for about 1% of total U.S. coal production.
  • New Mexico ranks seventh in the nation in electricity generation from wind power. About 38% of New Mexico’s total electricity net generation came from wind in 2023, and wind power was more than seven times greater than in 2015.
  • New Mexico is 1 of 16 states that produces natural gas from coalbeds. The state is second only to Colorado in coalbed methane production and accounts for one-fourth of the nation’s total.

Last Updated: June 20, 2024

More Data & Analysis in New Mexico