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North Dakota   North Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • North Dakota ranks third in the nation, after Texas and New Mexico, in both crude oil reserves and production.
  • North Dakota is a top-10 fuel ethanol-producing state, and its six ethanol plants manufacture about 547 million gallons a year, which is equal to about 3.5% of the nation’s ethanol output.
  • North Dakota has almost 2% of U.S. natural gas reserves, and in 2022 the state accounted for slightly more than 2% of U.S. total natural gas gross withdrawals.
  • North Dakota contains the world's largest known deposit of lignite, and it is the fifth-largest coal producing state, accounting for 5% of U.S. total coal production.
  • In 2022, coal-fired power plants provided 55% of North Dakota’s electricity generation, and wind energy accounted for 37%, which was the fourth-highest share of wind power for any state.

Last Updated: July 20, 2023

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