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As of July 1, 2022, we are continuing to restore our systems. The monthly data releases, including the Petroleum Supply Monthly, Natural Gas Monthly, and Electric Power Monthly, will be published next week. We will continue to post regular updates regarding the status of other data products.

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Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Minnesota was the nation's fourth-largest fuel ethanol producer in 2018, accounting for about 8% of U.S. total production. There are more E85 (15% motor gasoline and 85% ethanol) fueling stations in Minnesota than in any other state.
  • About 30% of all U.S. crude oil imports flow through Minnesota. Some of the crude oil from Canada and North Dakota is processed at Minnesota's Pine Bend Refinery, the largest crude oil refinery located in a non-oil-producing state.
  • About 25% of utility-scale electricity generation in Minnesota came from coal-fired electric power plants in 2020, down from 53% in 2011.
  • In 2020, Minnesota's two nuclear power plants, Prairie Island and Monticello, fueled 26% of the state's electricity net generation, supplying the largest share of state generation for the first time. However, renewable energy, in aggregate, fueled even more at 29%.
  • In 2020, Minnesota ranked ninth in the nation in total generation from wind energy. The state's wind farms accounted for 22% of the total in-state electricity net generation and 74% of renewable generation.

Last Updated: June 17, 2021

More Data & Analysis in Minnesota

Minnesota, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 19
Total Energy per Capita 22
Total Energy 32
Crude Oil --
Natural Gas --
Coal --
Electricity 27
Natural Gas 37
Electricity 24
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 21

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Today In Energy

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U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Energy

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Low Income Energy Assistance Program

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Clean Energy

Minnesota Department of Agriculture


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