U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Minnesota is among the nation's top five fuel ethanol producers, and has more E85 fueling stations than any other state.
  • About 30% of all U.S. crude oil imports flow through Minnesota. Some of the crude oil from Canada and North Dakota is processed at Minnesota's Pine Bend Refinery, the largest crude oil refinery located in a non-oil-producing state.
  • About 31% of utility-scale electricity generation in Minnesota came from coal-fired electric power plants in 2019, down from 53% in 2011.
  • Minnesota's two nuclear power plants, Monticello and Prairie Island, accounted for 24% of the state's electricity net generation in 2019.
  • In 2019, Minnesota ranked seventh in the nation in electricity generating capacity and total generation from wind energy. The state's wind farms generated 11 million megawatthours of electricity that year, 19% of the state's total net generation.

Last Updated: May 21, 2020

More Data & Analysis in Minnesota

Minnesota, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 18
Total Energy per Capita 24
Total Energy 32
Crude Oil --
Natural Gas --
Coal --
Electricity 29
Natural Gas 34
Electricity 17
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 22

See rankings for all states ›

Today In Energy

See all articles for this state ›

U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Energy

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Low Income Energy Assistance Program

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Clean Energy

Minnesota Department of Agriculture


Play a short video to learn how to use this tool.