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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Alabama is the second-largest hydroelectric power producer east of the Rocky Mountains, after New York. Twenty-three hydroelectric dams provided almost 9% of the state's electricity net generation in 2020.
  • In 2020, Mobile was the largest port of entry for U.S. coal imports by volume and the third-largest port for coal exports. More than four-fifths of the coal Alabama distributes is exported.
  • Alabama is the fourth-largest producer of electricity from nuclear power in the nation. The state's Browns Ferry nuclear power plant, with three reactors, is the second-largest U.S. nuclear electric generating facility after Arizona’s Palo Verde nuclear power plant.
  • Alabama has the ninth-largest wood pellet production capacity among the states, including one wood pellet manufacturing plant that uses peanut hulls as feedstock.
  • Total electricity consumption per capita in Alabama is the fifth-highest in the nation and per capita electricity use in the residential sector ranks third, due in part to the high demand for air conditioning in the hot summers and the widespread use of electric heating in the winter.

Last Updated: August 19, 2021

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