‹ U.S. States

U.S. States   U.S. States Profile

State Profiles and Energy Estimates

Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2015, United States

Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2015, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g,h
Coal Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g,h
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total
Wood and
Waste e,f
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.44 0.45 1.27 0.93 0.38 0.72 1.12 2.86 0.46 1.13 0.98 1.66 0.61 2.99 0.84
1971 0.52 0.47 0.50 1.20 1.17 0.41 0.75 1.18 2.91 0.62 1.20 1.05 1.66 0.68 3.22 0.93
1972 0.59 0.51 0.55 1.01 1.01 0.46 0.75 1.19 2.87 0.60 1.24 1.05 1.67 0.71 3.40 0.99
1973 0.68 0.53 0.63 0.96 1.47 0.50 0.92 1.33 3.13 0.73 1.33 1.18 1.67 0.80 3.66 1.10
1974 1.36 0.99 1.22 1.37 2.20 0.67 2.02 2.46 4.31 1.82 2.31 2.25 1.67 1.39 4.95 1.78
1975 1.65 1.28 1.50 2.37 3.47 0.95 2.23 2.56 4.65 1.91 2.64 2.47 1.67 1.67 6.07 2.21
1976 1.65 1.25 1.50 2.05 3.41 1.21 2.38 2.76 4.87 1.90 2.81 2.58 1.67 1.85 6.48 2.43
1977 1.72 1.31 1.56 2.32 3.06 1.48 2.68 3.22 5.16 2.15 3.03 2.85 1.67 2.11 7.33 2.78
1978 1.94 1.46 1.73 2.87 2.90 1.66 2.82 3.19 5.27 2.12 3.19 2.97 1.68 2.26 8.18 3.04
1979 1.89 1.55 1.75 2.26 3.45 1.96 3.85 4.12 7.16 2.76 4.36 4.00 1.68 2.84 8.94 3.64
1980 2.10 1.56 1.87 2.54 3.19 2.52 5.54 5.24 9.82 3.69 6.59 5.76 1.67 3.77 10.81 4.71
1981 2.34 1.75 2.06 2.55 3.28 3.07 6.52 5.84 10.89 4.48 8.08 6.87 1.67 4.40 12.57 5.52
1982 2.43 1.84 2.09 2.49 3.10 3.80 6.61 6.28 10.43 4.46 7.17 6.53 1.67 4.66 14.51 6.06
1983 2.14 1.75 1.91 2.76 2.25 4.10 6.58 6.78 9.25 4.38 7.00 6.61 1.67 4.70 14.54 6.22
1984 2.09 1.75 [R ] 1.89 [R ] 2.68 3.27 4.13 6.54 6.59 8.98 4.73 7.04 6.60 1.67 4.67 [R ] 14.16 6.13
1985 2.03 1.70 [R ] 1.83 [R ] 2.76 2.99 3.87 6.26 6.00 9.07 4.24 6.90 6.34 1.67 4.46 [R ] 14.57 6.04 [R ]
1986 1.90 1.62 [R ] 1.72 [R ] 2.63 3.11 3.20 4.04 5.95 6.80 2.47 5.32 5.00 1.65 3.66 [R ] 14.45 5.38 [R ]
1987 1.74 1.51 [R ] 1.60 [R ] 3.37 2.40 2.88 4.51 5.48 7.25 2.86 5.31 5.08 1.65 3.54 [R ] 13.98 5.20 [R ]
1988 1.79 1.51 [R ] 1.62 [R ] 2.85 2.90 2.90 4.14 5.29 7.32 2.34 4.85 4.73 1.65 3.38 [R ] 13.78 5.03 [R ]
1989 1.78 1.50 [R ] 1.61 [R ] 2.98 3.79 2.93 4.82 4.32 8.05 2.75 5.18 4.83 1.20 3.30 [R ] 13.85 4.95 [R ]
1990 1.79 1.52 [R ] 1.62 [R ] 3.53 3.80 2.95 5.90 5.75 9.15 3.10 5.64 5.68 0.99 3.65 [R ] 13.92 5.29
1991 1.83 1.52 [R ] 1.63 [R ] 2.86 3.41 2.80 5.30 5.81 8.95 2.44 5.43 5.49 1.14 3.53 14.18 5.23 [R ]
1992 1.83 1.51 [R ] 1.62 [R ] 2.78 3.35 2.91 5.17 5.26 8.94 2.46 5.08 5.13 1.13 3.46 [R ] 14.18 5.17
1993 1.79 1.47 [R ] 1.58 [R ] 2.88 3.22 3.12 5.09 5.23 8.85 2.41 5.02 5.04 1.12 3.49 [R ] 14.22 5.19 [R ]
1994 1.73 1.49 [R ] 1.57 [R ] 2.46 3.31 3.09 4.88 5.70 8.96 2.50 4.93 5.13 1.15 3.52 [R ] 14.00 5.17 [R ]
1995 1.76 1.48 [R ] 1.58 [R ] 2.71 3.43 2.80 4.87 5.63 9.17 2.75 5.21 5.29 1.21 3.41 13.68 4.99 [R ]
1996 1.77 1.46 [R ] 1.57 [R ] 2.20 3.87 3.30 5.80 7.05 9.83 3.25 5.64 6.12 1.01 3.93 [R ] 13.49 5.42
1997 1.79 1.47 [R ] 1.58 [R ] 2.64 3.25 3.53 5.44 6.34 9.80 3.03 5.57 5.81 1.01 3.94 13.29 5.38
1998 1.69 1.45 [R ] 1.53 [R ] 3.73 3.07 3.16 4.22 4.82 8.42 2.25 4.54 4.61 1.24 3.38 [R ] 13.13 4.93
1999 1.69 1.44 [R ] 1.53 [R ] 3.88 2.83 3.21 4.92 5.58 9.22 2.62 5.15 5.27 1.38 3.69 [R ] 12.98 5.18 [R ]
2000 1.67 1.41 [R ] 1.50 [R ] 3.64 2.66 4.60 7.66 8.38 11.87 4.22 6.83 7.49 1.43 5.10 [R ] 13.60 6.47 [R ]
2001 1.74 1.50 [R ] 1.58 [R ] 3.27 3.04 5.71 7.01 7.89 11.32 3.85 6.09 6.95 1.95 5.43 [R ] 14.78 6.94
2002 1.94 1.58 [R ] 1.69 [R ] 3.25 3.04 4.48 6.33 6.81 10.68 3.87 6.34 6.62 2.11 4.85 [R ] 14.30 6.35
2003 1.93 1.54 [R ] 1.67 [R ] 3.88 3.49 6.20 7.63 8.92 12.28 4.83 7.14 7.91 1.63 6.02 [R ] 14.97 7.50 [R ]
2004 2.31 1.75 [R ] 1.92 [R ] 3.28 7.23 7.02 10.07 10.99 14.63 4.95 8.10 9.45 1.79 7.16 [R ] 15.38 8.48
2005 3.19 2.14 [R ] 2.47 [R ] 3.39 8.92 9.08 14.27 13.16 17.91 6.98 10.20 11.96 2.73 9.10 [R ] 16.77 10.39 [R ]
2006 3.54 2.34 [R ] 2.72 [R ] 3.19 6.31 8.77 16.44 15.68 20.32 8.16 12.49 14.33 2.65 10.06 [R ] 18.02 11.37 [R ]
2007 3.64 2.43 [R ] 2.82 [R ] 3.66 7.84 8.29 18.01 [R ] 17.52 22.29 9.26 13.95 15.96 2.51 10.55 [R ] 18.71 11.93 [R ]
2008 4.49 2.85 [R ] 3.38 [R ] 4.33 18.76 10.06 24.68 21.69 25.92 12.97 18.26 20.69 2.83 13.21 [R ] 20.34 14.45 [R ]
2009 5.43 2.97 [R ] 3.69 [R ] 4.17 10.82 6.46 14.76 13.82 18.86 9.25 14.98 14.59 2.62 9.38 [R ] 20.05 11.29 [R ]
2010 5.84 2.94 [R ] 3.93 [R ] 6.74 13.37 6.17 18.54 17.65 22.67 11.94 18.92 [R ] 18.43 2.67 [R ] 10.57 [R ] 19.89 12.19 [R ]
2011 6.89 3.24 [R ] 4.55 [R ] 8.75 15.71 5.96 24.81 [R ] 21.65 28.63 16.02 23.61 23.19 2.79 [R ] 12.42 [R ] 20.02 13.75 [R ]
2012 6.59 3.30 [R ] 4.59 [R ] 8.65 13.64 4.91 25.36 [R ] 15.27 29.55 17.48 23.33 20.82 2.63 [R ] 10.93 [R ] 19.60 12.43 [R ]
2013 5.43 3.22 [R ] 4.10 [R ] 8.91 8.55 5.46 24.80 [R ] 14.89 28.71 17.40 23.78 20.55 [R ] 2.60 [R ] 11.02 [R ] 20.26 [R ] 12.59 [R ]
2014 4.61 3.17 [R ] 3.74 [R ] 9.94 4.73 6.36 [R ] 23.47 [R ] 16.17 27.58 16.41 23.28 20.60 3.11 [R ] 11.30 [R ] 20.86 12.92 [R ]
2015 4.16 3.09 3.53 9.28 5.90 4.87 14.91 7.81 20.39 9.87 16.81 12.79 3.02 7.68 20.33 9.83
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 1,175 907 2,082 78 4 2,625 866 1,046 824 635 2,698 6,069 381 11,081 5,624 16,706
1971 1,163 808 1,971 45 5 3,019 934 1,113 799 863 2,954 6,663 389 12,003 6,256 18,259
1972 1,379 833 2,212 31 5 3,335 1,012 1,311 728 902 3,227 7,180 420 13,121 7,173 20,294
1973 1,724 804 2,527 33 40 3,936 1,320 1,566 799 1,156 3,759 8,600 441 15,512 8,284 23,795
1974 3,284 1,420 4,704 44 193 4,971 2,642 2,882 1,014 2,644 6,226 15,408 437 25,669 11,184 36,853
1975 3,692 1,806 5,498 75 156 5,844 2,907 2,760 1,039 2,367 6,470 15,544 400 27,367 13,760 41,127
1976 3,740 1,709 5,448 67 111 7,484 3,549 3,184 1,028 2,886 7,738 18,384 460 31,821 16,083 47,904
1977 3,579 1,781 5,360 71 139 8,958 4,451 3,747 1,014 3,456 9,522 22,190 484 37,060 18,956 56,016
1978 3,703 2,019 5,722 49 411 10,114 4,783 3,679 936 2,965 10,839 23,203 533 39,934 21,798 61,732
1979 3,920 2,327 6,247 81 340 12,110 6,664 6,712 1,156 3,867 15,306 33,705 534 52,856 24,797 77,653
1980 3,753 2,135 5,888 130 52 16,350 7,232 7,967 1,553 4,175 21,837 42,765 529 65,453 28,863 94,316
1981 3,831 2,610 6,441 74 43 20,432 8,983 8,789 1,741 4,086 23,572 47,171 558 74,574 34,007 108,581
1982 2,661 2,640 5,301 61 9 20,504 8,599 9,656 1,442 4,025 18,119 41,841 540 68,139 35,364 103,503
1983 2,128 2,606 4,735 46 2 21,461 7,477 10,064 1,039 2,908 17,022 38,510 610 65,276 37,017 102,293
1984 2,461 2,902 [R ] 5,363 [R ] 69 47 23,763 7,815 10,782 1,436 3,647 17,880 41,561 622 71,293 [R ] 39,050 110,343 [R ]
1985 2,228 2,838 [R ] 5,066 [R ] 77 43 21,615 6,977 9,804 1,978 2,815 17,396 38,970 619 66,246 [R ] 40,190 106,436 [R ]
1986 1,825 2,728 [R ] 4,553 [R ] 66 25 16,479 4,649 9,218 1,402 1,574 14,118 30,961 639 52,599 [R ] 39,271 91,871 [R ]
1987 1,718 2,536 [R ] 4,254 [R ] 48 55 15,909 5,117 9,079 1,491 1,436 14,604 31,726 636 52,541 [R ] 39,109 91,650 [R ]
1988 2,006 2,567 [R ] 4,573 [R ] 77 194 17,257 4,656 9,071 1,413 1,082 13,530 29,752 662 52,369 [R ] 40,507 92,877 [R ]
1989 1,934 2,531 [R ] 4,465 [R ] 80 217 18,770 5,478 7,274 1,601 924 14,085 29,361 1,323 54,065 [R ] 42,255 96,320 [R ]
1990 1,862 2,593 [R ] 4,455 [R ] 50 72 19,348 6,773 8,916 1,695 1,070 16,798 35,252 906 59,993 [R ] 43,358 103,350 [R ]
1991 1,660 2,566 [R ] 4,226 [R ] 56 100 18,912 5,694 9,828 1,730 653 15,552 33,458 1,034 57,685 [R ] 44,201 101,886 [R ]
1992 1,587 2,477 [R ] 4,063 [R ] 48 174 20,553 5,704 9,433 1,737 793 15,250 32,917 1,079 58,754 [R ] 45,474 104,228 [R ]
1993 1,505 2,440 [R ] 3,945 [R ] 76 172 22,367 5,672 9,062 1,583 916 14,879 32,112 1,146 59,667 [R ] 45,726 105,393 [R ]
1994 1,473 2,455 [R ] 3,928 [R ] 60 274 22,556 5,397 11,028 1,724 893 15,041 34,083 1,279 62,060 [R ] 46,257 108,317 [R ]
1995 1,558 2,379 [R ] 3,936 [R ] 91 325 21,487 5,473 11,061 1,836 778 15,444 34,592 1,699 61,949 [R ] 45,402 107,351 [R ]
1996 1,507 2,322 [R ] 3,829 [R ] 88 244 26,167 6,857 14,348 1,965 913 17,037 41,120 1,432 72,704 [R ] 46,102 118,806 [R ]
1997 1,453 2,322 [R ] 3,775 [R ] 83 253 28,411 6,512 13,235 2,077 732 18,029 40,586 1,435 74,378 [R ] 45,610 119,988 [R ]
1998 1,304 2,151 [R ] 3,455 [R ] 104 292 24,515 5,084 9,646 1,681 425 15,759 32,595 1,600 62,353 [R ] 45,634 107,987 [R ]
1999 1,306 2,037 [R ] 3,344 [R ] 86 226 24,079 5,823 12,290 1,400 447 18,219 38,179 1,786 67,527 [R ] 45,429 112,957 [R ]
2000 1,327 2,061 [R ] 3,389 [R ] 103 249 34,624 9,158 18,555 1,785 867 22,689 53,055 1,888 93,101 [R ] 47,859 140,960 [R ]
2001 1,247 2,220 [R ] 3,467 [R ] 109 191 38,596 9,055 15,757 3,343 629 19,347 48,131 2,216 92,492 [R ] 48,519 141,011 [R ]
2002 1,258 2,160 [R ] 3,418 [R ] 64 244 31,199 7,586 14,627 3,302 619 20,404 46,538 2,592 83,927 [R ] 46,606 130,533 [R ]
2003 1,283 2,128 [R ] 3,411 [R ] 70 239 41,168 8,879 17,928 3,978 966 23,111 54,861 1,943 101,552 [R ] 49,962 151,515 [R ]
2004 1,499 2,437 [R ] 3,936 [R ] 107 1,232 47,463 12,167 23,385 5,431 1,163 29,029 71,175 1,926 125,625 [R ] 51,491 177,117 [R ]
2005 1,964 2,861 [R ] 4,824 [R ] 147 780 55,299 17,945 26,248 6,354 1,867 35,365 87,779 3,458 151,994 [R ] 56,229 208,223 [R ]
2006 2,132 3,068 [R ] 5,200 [R ] 128 636 52,570 20,647 32,858 7,608 1,849 43,320 106,281 3,514 168,074 [R ] 59,764 227,839 [R ]
2007 2,175 3,078 [R ] 5,253 [R ] 131 478 51,126 22,573 36,734 6,739 1,700 45,607 113,353 3,190 173,270 [R ] 62,934 236,204 [R ]
2008 2,606 3,444 [R ] 6,050 [R ] 210 1,676 61,877 33,201 39,333 6,367 2,408 52,801 134,109 3,408 206,911 [R ] 67,102 274,012 [R ]
2009 2,192 2,945 [R ] 5,136 [R ] 135 93 36,304 15,810 26,802 4,490 1,134 36,042 [R ] 84,278 [R ] 2,303 127,980 [R ] 59,816 187,796 [R ]
2010 3,239 3,150 [R ] 6,389 [R ] 245 403 38,533 21,331 37,295 5,895 1,365 44,518 [R ] 110,404 [R ] 3,097 [R ] 158,582 [R ] 62,767 221,348 [R ]
2011 3,885 3,246 [R ] 7,131 [R ] 210 552 37,972 30,583 47,074 7,287 2,086 52,366 [R ] 139,396 [R ] 3,363 [R ] 188,204 [R ] 64,566 252,770 [R ]
2012 3,916 3,042 [R ] 6,958 [R ] 209 384 32,173 32,153 35,578 7,457 1,164 48,370 [R ] 124,722 [R ] 3,249 [R ] 167,276 [R ] 62,937 230,213 [R ]
2013 3,346 2,990 [R ] 6,336 [R ] 186 29 36,513 [R ] 31,311 37,127 7,542 793 49,524 [R ] 126,297 [R ] 3,318 [R ] 172,307 [R ] 64,944 [R ] 237,251 [R ]
2014 2,796 2,920 [R ] 5,716 [R ] 233 9 44,291 [R ] 31,997 39,147 5,793 [R ] 634 47,703 125,274 [R ] 4,023 [R ] 179,080 [R ] 67,630 246,710 [R ]
2015 2,340 2,523 4,863 197 20 33,721 17,377 19,958 5,266 310 35,175 78,085 3,856 120,347 65,169 185,516
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. gThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. hFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the Technical Notes,
Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท Industrial sector includes
industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and
biomass waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.