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Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, California

Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, California







Year
Primary Energy


Electricity
Retail
Sales




Total
Energy h,i,j



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total h,i,j
Distillate
Fuel Oil b

HGL c
Jet
Fuel d
Motor
Gasoline e
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other f

Total
Wood and
Waste g,h
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.46 0.67 1.26 1.80 0.73 2.80 0.37 1.59 1.89 1.40 1.41 4.76 1.74
1971 0.47 0.73 1.37 1.86 0.77 2.84 0.58 1.70 1.96 1.41 1.46 5.01 1.81
1972 0.52 0.77 1.28 1.92 0.76 2.79 0.69 1.80 2.00 1.42 1.51 5.36 1.91
1973 0.61 0.83 1.55 2.19 0.91 3.08 0.83 1.88 2.25 1.45 1.69 5.88 2.13
1974 1.29 0.99 2.69 2.97 1.57 4.47 1.78 2.84 3.44 1.54 2.47 7.94 3.03
1975 1.32 1.29 2.97 3.16 2.04 4.84 2.08 2.84 3.79 1.56 2.78 8.71 3.47
1976 1.43 1.55 3.10 3.36 2.32 5.04 2.01 2.85 3.94 1.58 3.04 9.48 3.80
1977 1.47 1.85 3.12 4.09 2.62 5.33 2.07 3.04 4.15 1.63 3.33 11.36 4.27
1978 1.59 1.99 3.13 4.51 2.86 5.48 2.16 3.22 4.25 1.65 3.53 12.39 4.58
1979 1.69 2.48 4.56 4.85 3.79 7.47 2.77 4.39 5.68 1.88 4.61 12.43 5.54
1980 1.91 3.55 6.64 6.12 6.21 10.19 4.08 6.51 7.76 2.74 6.43 17.16 7.71
1981 2.16 3.81 7.65 6.60 7.56 11.33 5.57 8.93 9.05 3.33 7.41 18.89 8.84
1982 2.19 4.54 7.41 7.99 7.37 10.82 5.85 8.24 8.93 3.20 7.48 21.85 9.30
1983 2.37 5.41 6.88 8.66 6.61 8.96 5.47 8.32 7.85 3.19 7.07 20.79 8.85
1984 2.40 5.62 6.67 7.86 6.28 8.74 5.27 8.10 7.52 3.38 6.93 20.94 8.75
1985 2.26 5.35 6.68 9.93 6.01 8.68 4.71 8.17 7.49 3.30 6.77 22.90 8.90
1986 2.26 4.56 5.33 10.05 3.99 6.68 2.66 8.09 5.78 3.15 5.40 23.21 7.78
1987 2.09 4.47 5.97 9.98 4.04 6.95 2.60 8.16 5.96 3.13 5.47 22.70 7.67
1988 1.94 4.63 5.85 9.83 3.84 7.08 2.24 7.83 5.96 3.17 5.53 23.42 7.87
1989 1.93 4.57 6.56 9.20 4.50 7.66 2.56 7.01 6.48 2.44 5.81 24.91 8.29
1990 2.01 4.76 7.51 10.64 5.76 8.57 3.57 7.38 7.37 2.70 6.46 25.98 9.04
1991 1.98 5.04 7.36 11.27 4.80 8.18 2.56 7.61 7.00 2.82 6.26 27.70 9.14
1992 1.83 4.71 7.58 11.17 4.53 9.19 1.86 7.66 7.64 2.69 6.59 28.38 9.63
1993 1.87 4.57 7.78 11.74 4.50 9.14 2.00 7.67 7.60 2.58 6.51 28.50 9.58
1994 1.89 5.13 7.60 11.44 4.03 9.13 2.02 7.53 7.36 2.53 6.56 28.78 9.61
1995 1.78 5.14 7.79 11.08 4.15 9.27 2.14 7.53 7.45 2.47 6.62 29.15 9.68
1996 1.72 4.99 8.64 11.36 4.96 10.03 2.10 7.57 8.15 2.80 7.07 27.85 9.97
1997 1.75 5.40 8.42 11.43 4.71 10.27 3.34 7.88 8.51 2.26 7.38 28.04 10.36
1998 1.80 5.10 7.23 10.63 3.38 9.01 2.11 7.20 7.33 2.26 6.49 26.23 9.32
1999 1.73 5.00 8.31 10.79 4.26 10.52 4.25 6.88 8.56 2.30 7.33 26.38 10.04
2000 1.67 7.02 10.48 13.99 6.91 12.55 6.24 7.40 10.56 3.00 9.37 27.81 12.05
2001 1.61 8.42 9.58 15.52 5.83 12.27 5.29 7.84 10.20 3.10 9.53 32.90 13.00
2002 1.64 5.80 9.23 13.79 5.40 11.19 5.78 7.84 9.47 3.27 8.29 35.81 12.07
2003 1.68 7.86 10.71 15.72 6.55 13.78 5.90 10.04 11.61 3.57 10.31 34.59 13.83
2004 1.76 8.51 13.67 17.90 9.33 16.30 6.31 10.42 13.96 4.17 12.13 33.33 15.17
2005 2.12 10.41 17.57 21.40 12.85 18.96 5.63 12.10 16.67 4.62 14.63 34.15 17.46
2006 2.39 10.14 19.58 24.20 15.04 21.47 7.29 14.81 18.93 4.76 16.20 37.66 19.40
2007 2.81 9.85 20.59 26.25 16.19 23.34 8.20 15.78 20.32 5.25 17.10 37.62 20.15
2008 2.96 11.36 26.36 30.45 22.24 26.96 16.39 19.09 25.05 6.80 20.76 36.69 23.25
2009 2.95 7.60 17.24 24.64 12.50 20.56 12.57 25.27 18.27 6.31 14.93 38.89 18.68
2010 3.41 8.12 22.32 28.07 16.17 24.76 15.32 33.23 22.65 [R ] 6.89 18.00 [R ] 38.23 21.22 [R ]
2011 3.64 8.19 28.91 32.30 22.51 30.51 20.92 31.20 28.55 [R ] 6.91 21.86 [R ] 38.35 24.54 [R ]
2012 3.54 7.05 29.96 26.39 22.88 32.24 23.28 33.57 29.89 [R ] 6.73 22.31 [R ] 39.75 25.17 [R ]
2013 3.67 7.78 29.29 27.51 21.87 31.08 22.36 31.31 28.96 [R ] 7.42 21.86 42.01 25.15 [R ]
2014 3.63 8.87 28.32 29.55 20.37 29.99 21.60 32.06 [R ] 28.01 [R ] 7.94 21.86 [R ] 44.49 25.63 [R ]
2015 3.57 7.99 20.78 19.97 12.21 25.47 11.63 29.10 [R ] 22.03 [R ] 4.73 17.63 [R ] 45.30 22.12 [R ]
2016 3.38 8.42 18.29 18.98 9.82 22.01 8.44 25.31 18.77 [R ] 4.02 15.56 [R ] 44.74 20.13 [R ]
2017 3.78 8.87 21.21 23.44 12.00 24.37 11.94 25.86 [R ] 21.07 [R ] 4.25 [R ] 17.33 [R ] 47.17 21.94 [R ]
2018 3.53 8.79 26.79 25.39 15.67 28.09 14.93 28.76 [R ] 24.97 [R ] 4.56 [R ] 20.04 [R ] 48.70 [R ] 24.42 [R ]
2019 3.41 9.50 26.96 21.25 14.76 29.10 14.06 30.03 25.19 4.94 20.26 49.60 24.65
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 28.2 906.5 282.8 96.3 242.7 3,149.1 106.4 245.9 4,123.2 55.4 5,113.4 1,886.6 7,000.0
1971 23.8 1,059.9 373.3 100.3 268.5 3,274.0 162.5 271.2 4,449.7 57.0 5,590.4 2,104.4 7,694.8
1972 24.5 1,120.2 340.7 94.4 270.7 3,406.5 150.6 293.9 4,556.8 61.7 5,763.2 2,418.5 8,181.7
1973 40.6 1,196.5 460.0 126.5 318.8 3,900.1 178.8 320.5 5,304.6 64.4 6,606.1 2,737.6 9,343.8
1974 78.2 1,389.3 672.3 184.3 527.0 5,529.3 357.3 479.9 7,750.2 70.8 9,288.5 3,473.5 12,762.0
1975 74.6 1,842.9 717.4 169.0 714.6 6,137.9 397.5 476.2 8,612.6 67.4 10,597.6 4,328.7 14,926.2
1976 95.2 2,065.4 813.9 190.3 790.7 6,683.1 475.2 518.8 9,471.9 77.7 11,710.2 4,922.6 16,632.8
1977 110.4 2,366.7 927.5 206.6 899.3 7,452.0 585.9 608.9 10,680.1 83.9 13,241.1 5,989.6 19,230.7
1978 107.7 2,285.4 1,067.4 260.3 1,017.0 8,005.2 743.2 686.6 11,779.7 89.9 14,262.7 6,727.4 20,990.1
1979 116.0 3,127.8 1,697.6 359.0 1,379.4 10,570.0 979.9 1,101.7 16,087.5 107.2 19,438.5 7,031.3 26,469.8
1980 126.6 4,138.2 2,337.5 364.9 2,166.4 13,579.1 2,150.9 1,383.3 21,982.1 99.4 26,346.3 9,559.9 35,906.1
1981 169.3 4,209.3 2,957.3 349.6 2,502.9 15,046.4 2,932.0 1,206.6 24,994.8 137.3 29,526.7 10,774.8 40,301.6
1982 152.1 5,063.3 2,886.0 412.2 2,335.6 14,207.8 2,375.6 1,093.5 23,310.7 123.6 28,691.1 12,131.1 40,822.2
1983 75.8 5,565.2 2,712.2 435.3 2,124.1 12,054.2 1,881.4 1,213.4 20,420.5 144.6 26,240.8 11,491.9 37,732.7
1984 89.3 5,870.4 2,905.1 489.0 2,346.1 12,173.7 2,306.7 1,505.1 21,725.7 172.5 27,885.2 12,564.8 40,450.1
1985 102.4 6,121.6 2,765.6 621.8 2,257.8 12,195.2 1,798.8 1,401.5 21,040.6 171.2 27,448.8 14,143.0 41,591.8
1986 96.1 4,707.2 2,288.0 576.7 1,685.3 9,816.2 851.7 1,293.4 16,511.2 121.6 21,445.5 14,219.7 35,665.2
1987 94.0 5,439.7 2,350.2 678.6 1,811.7 10,690.6 1,005.4 1,406.3 17,942.8 148.8 23,640.2 14,332.6 37,972.8
1988 98.7 5,523.6 2,775.0 663.1 1,784.5 11,285.6 776.0 1,250.1 18,534.3 159.9 24,345.5 15,572.7 39,918.3
1989 111.6 5,850.3 3,060.5 678.6 2,286.8 12,510.1 824.3 1,144.4 20,504.7 220.8 26,715.7 17,083.4 43,799.1
1990 131.0 6,399.5 3,361.4 642.0 3,081.3 13,778.7 1,265.1 1,197.3 23,325.8 203.0 30,092.9 18,415.2 48,508.1
1991 126.7 6,919.3 3,198.8 601.8 2,438.9 12,833.9 705.1 1,152.5 20,931.0 205.3 28,222.8 19,407.9 47,630.6
1992 118.6 6,313.3 3,045.4 583.9 2,219.3 15,245.6 387.8 1,158.7 22,640.6 197.6 29,275.1 20,373.0 49,648.2
1993 106.3 6,207.6 2,934.7 500.5 2,273.1 14,726.7 421.0 1,104.1 21,960.2 150.2 28,424.3 20,159.6 48,583.9
1994 109.5 7,001.1 3,192.6 559.0 2,257.2 14,652.9 491.3 1,145.5 22,298.4 140.0 29,549.0 20,656.4 50,205.3
1995 108.4 6,959.5 3,300.0 473.2 2,241.5 15,127.1 607.8 1,137.1 22,886.7 143.1 30,097.7 20,824.8 50,922.5
1996 103.6 6,616.6 3,689.3 388.3 2,915.8 16,641.7 515.9 1,149.5 25,300.4 153.0 32,173.5 20,481.5 52,655.0
1997 113.2 7,630.8 3,879.3 345.4 2,756.3 17,266.0 448.2 1,176.8 25,872.0 115.6 33,731.5 21,558.1 55,289.6
1998 82.7 8,124.1 3,285.3 411.5 2,020.2 15,465.1 227.4 1,287.6 22,697.2 93.2 30,997.2 20,918.7 51,915.9
1999 82.3 7,437.5 3,979.8 453.0 2,383.0 18,485.9 627.2 1,494.3 27,423.2 103.7 35,046.6 20,874.4 55,921.0
2000 79.9 9,750.4 5,632.2 582.6 4,036.2 22,379.8 1,317.9 1,446.2 35,394.9 152.2 45,377.3 22,904.7 68,282.0
2001 75.4 11,546.5 5,340.1 531.6 3,213.4 22,455.7 819.9 1,453.4 33,813.9 171.3 45,607.1 27,478.6 73,085.8
2002 77.3 8,305.5 4,793.0 677.0 3,146.2 21,497.7 1,109.2 1,500.6 32,723.7 143.1 41,249.6 28,383.9 69,633.5
2003 80.2 11,435.6 5,119.4 742.3 3,702.4 26,329.2 866.1 1,409.5 38,169.0 157.2 49,842.1 28,392.1 78,234.1
2004 81.5 12,997.3 7,448.0 903.1 5,573.8 31,858.8 1,101.1 1,473.8 48,358.6 172.4 61,609.8 28,340.4 89,950.2
2005 99.2 15,203.2 9,865.4 873.2 7,623.0 37,538.3 1,201.4 1,676.5 58,777.9 191.1 74,271.5 29,302.7 103,574.2
2006 107.9 14,436.4 11,242.2 988.2 9,072.0 42,647.7 1,724.1 1,896.4 67,570.5 191.6 82,306.4 33,433.0 115,739.4
2007 121.0 14,215.8 11,756.6 1,038.9 10,167.5 45,691.3 2,044.6 2,303.7 73,002.6 215.7 87,555.2 33,545.9 121,101.0
2008 116.8 16,054.3 13,723.0 1,741.4 12,718.0 50,163.2 4,148.4 2,339.1 84,833.1 268.7 101,272.9 33,207.2 134,480.1
2009 92.3 10,567.5 8,719.0 1,415.8 6,942.6 37,335.0 3,043.2 2,100.9 59,556.5 243.4 70,459.8 34,097.2 104,556.9
2010 113.0 11,241.0 11,769.5 1,716.0 7,127.4 [R ] 44,565.2 3,843.8 2,303.5 71,325.5 [R ] 305.9 82,985.4 [R ] 33,381.8 116,367.2 [R ]
2011 129.5 11,449.7 15,575.3 2,011.6 9,936.5 [R ] 53,395.0 3,910.0 2,905.8 87,734.1 [R ] 366.1 99,679.4 [R ] 33,919.1 133,598.4 [R ]
2012 108.7 9,861.9 15,485.1 1,428.6 10,156.5 [R ] 55,821.5 3,889.0 2,820.1 89,600.9 [R ] 343.3 99,914.7 [R ] 34,852.5 134,767.2 [R ]
2013 117.3 11,068.2 15,576.6 1,480.9 9,903.2 [R ] 54,489.2 2,776.5 3,043.5 87,269.9 [R ] 409.3 98,864.7 [R ] 37,028.1 135,892.8 [R ]
2014 118.3 11,767.3 15,831.4 1,540.4 9,520.1 [R ] 52,719.0 1,826.3 3,080.8 [R ] 84,518.0 [R ] 410.5 96,814.2 [R ] 39,424.1 136,238.2 [R ]
2015 110.4 10,670.2 11,739.3 1,021.4 [R ] 6,129.8 [R ] 46,122.1 1,353.5 2,964.0 [R ] 69,330.2 [R ] 190.4 80,301.3 [R ] 39,979.2 120,280.5 [R ]
2016 108.4 11,287.0 10,207.2 1,072.2 [R ] 5,372.0 [R ] 40,583.9 1,228.6 2,597.0 [R ] 61,061.0 [R ] 163.3 [R ] 72,619.6 [R ] 38,787.2 111,406.8 [R ]
2017 127.4 12,009.7 [R ] 12,220.6 1,270.6 6,988.6 [R ] 45,176.0 1,968.3 2,528.8 [R ] 70,152.8 [R ] 171.4 [R ] 82,461.3 [R ] 40,960.0 123,421.3 [R ]
2018 117.6 11,941.6 [R ] 15,391.1 1,431.0 [R ] 9,283.0 [R ] 51,912.7 2,520.3 2,801.9 [R ] 83,340.0 [R ] 188.7 [R ] 95,587.9 [R ] 41,972.2 [R ] 137,560.1 [R ]
2019 105.4 13,412.6 15,257.2 1,275.3 8,885.2 52,964.7 2,592.0 2,744.1 83,718.4 215.2 97,451.6 41,971.4 139,423.1
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.
bBeginning in 2009, includes biodiesel blended into distillate fuel oil. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included
in the motor gasoline column.
cHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.05 million dollars.
dThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes
kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
Where shown, — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See
explanation of adjustments in Section 7 of the Technical Notes.
eBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Notes: Price estimates are weighted averages of price estimates and expenditure estimates are
the sum of expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation
sectors. · Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
fIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the
“other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical
Notes.
hThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded
coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.