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Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, Iowa

Table ET2. Total End-Use Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, Iowa







Year
Primary Energy


Electricity
Retail
Sales




Total
Energy h,i,j



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total h,i,j
Distillate
Fuel Oil b

HGL c
Jet
Fuel d
Motor
Gasoline e
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other f

Total
Wood and
Waste g,h
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.66 1.02 1.61 0.75 2.83 0.59 1.58 2.12 3.01 1.43 6.39 1.80
1971 0.48 0.70 1.06 1.59 0.78 2.90 0.69 1.57 2.18 3.05 1.50 6.57 1.91
1972 0.49 0.78 1.09 1.69 0.78 2.98 0.71 1.68 2.24 3.09 1.57 6.79 2.00
1973 0.53 0.80 1.36 2.67 0.93 3.08 0.84 1.86 2.51 3.16 1.73 6.92 2.16
1974 0.86 0.86 2.33 3.08 1.60 4.10 1.73 2.89 3.42 3.27 2.24 7.64 2.71
1975 1.30 1.05 2.46 3.10 2.09 4.59 1.85 3.22 3.77 3.26 2.53 9.11 3.13
1976 1.31 1.26 2.69 3.30 2.26 4.83 1.97 3.33 3.96 3.29 2.79 9.87 3.43
1977 1.34 1.61 3.05 3.90 2.69 5.18 2.08 3.44 4.32 3.34 3.18 10.80 3.92
1978 1.49 1.94 3.15 4.11 2.90 5.42 2.09 3.59 4.50 3.41 3.48 11.34 4.34
1979 1.55 2.30 4.48 4.66 4.03 7.24 2.49 4.59 5.81 3.55 4.26 12.55 5.10
1980 1.61 2.80 6.41 5.75 6.47 9.97 3.09 7.31 8.27 3.79 5.72 13.97 6.68
1981 1.80 3.43 7.50 6.05 7.60 11.07 3.75 8.84 9.40 3.92 6.54 15.92 7.74
1982 1.87 4.20 7.33 6.31 7.19 10.62 3.63 7.94 8.91 3.90 6.69 17.36 8.06
1983 1.73 4.77 6.94 7.04 6.73 9.49 3.69 8.47 8.40 3.89 6.59 18.43 8.25
1984 1.74 4.72 6.94 6.62 6.55 9.34 5.02 8.62 8.32 3.89 6.45 18.87 8.06
1985 1.71 4.61 6.52 7.64 6.28 9.47 4.07 8.35 8.30 3.86 6.39 19.02 8.04
1986 1.61 4.23 5.46 7.51 4.36 7.13 2.86 7.30 6.62 3.51 5.38 19.25 7.27
1987 1.57 3.66 5.90 6.06 4.27 7.36 2.48 7.44 6.76 3.51 5.20 18.30 7.04
1988 1.46 3.84 5.63 6.00 4.12 7.37 2.38 6.95 6.65 3.51 5.14 17.59 6.89
1989 1.37 3.58 6.34 7.19 4.57 8.40 2.25 7.64 7.58 3.42 5.50 17.30 7.17
1990 1.36 3.83 7.54 6.20 6.11 9.38 2.36 8.57 8.47 2.09 5.99 17.37 7.66
1991 1.33 3.67 7.00 7.68 5.21 9.11 2.24 8.79 8.30 2.07 5.74 17.41 7.46
1992 1.33 4.25 6.69 7.79 4.78 8.72 2.21 9.08 7.97 2.03 5.91 17.53 7.60
1993 1.40 4.51 6.57 8.84 4.52 8.48 2.18 9.20 7.97 1.98 6.07 17.49 7.74
1994 1.42 4.53 6.65 7.25 4.26 8.77 2.10 8.09 7.82 2.58 6.04 17.36 7.70
1995 1.40 4.02 6.65 7.50 4.22 8.77 2.38 8.87 7.89 2.55 5.86 17.68 7.59
1996 1.39 4.45 7.69 8.91 5.08 9.59 2.94 7.95 8.77 2.60 6.37 17.41 7.96
1997 1.40 4.99 7.36 8.64 4.79 9.51 3.05 7.58 8.55 2.49 6.47 17.49 8.14
1998 1.34 4.46 6.11 7.65 3.63 8.02 2.64 7.69 7.31 2.07 5.78 17.71 7.66
1999 1.35 4.75 6.91 7.73 4.35 8.69 2.69 7.28 7.88 2.13 6.18 17.38 7.92
2000 1.43 6.49 9.65 10.83 6.96 11.74 3.24 9.19 10.78 3.03 8.46 17.39 9.90
2001 1.43 7.44 8.99 11.88 6.27 11.32 3.28 9.42 10.55 2.98 8.64 18.00 10.21
2002 1.52 6.06 8.33 9.74 5.53 10.51 2.77 9.00 9.62 2.12 7.68 17.62 9.36
2003 1.46 7.65 9.73 11.49 6.89 11.88 3.11 9.69 11.01 2.40 8.89 17.92 10.45
2004 1.57 8.49 11.96 13.50 8.95 14.12 4.58 9.15 13.01 2.56 10.53 18.76 11.90
2005 1.83 10.56 16.23 16.64 13.57 17.38 6.59 10.32 16.40 2.83 13.21 19.60 14.30
2006 2.33 9.93 18.45 18.60 15.21 19.92 7.72 14.88 18.94 2.46 14.57 20.54 15.59
2007 2.20 9.57 20.25 20.62 16.48 22.43 8.51 17.79 21.20 2.61 15.29 20.02 16.09
2008 2.56 10.06 26.54 24.71 22.81 25.59 12.35 19.72 25.41 3.10 17.63 20.20 18.05
2009 2.73 7.37 16.89 19.73 12.94 18.73 7.98 20.07 18.36 2.57 12.87 21.59 14.26
2010 2.56 7.19 20.60 16.24 16.79 22.18 11.66 26.04 20.81 [R ] 2.84 14.00 [R ] 22.44 15.36
2011 2.59 6.92 26.82 18.77 23.03 28.21 15.63 30.25 26.33 [R ] 6.58 16.95 [R ] 22.16 17.80 [R ]
2012 2.62 6.00 27.31 13.74 23.44 28.80 16.91 28.12 26.24 [R ] 6.89 16.64 22.60 17.66 [R ]
2013 2.58 6.38 27.20 13.16 22.81 28.09 16.68 24.17 25.14 [R ] 7.07 15.96 [R ] 23.65 17.22
2014 2.50 7.99 26.20 15.74 [R ] 20.10 26.86 15.95 24.44 24.67 5.70 16.43 23.89 17.64
2015 2.50 5.89 17.63 8.81 11.88 19.28 23.43 [R ] 17.27 4.21 11.80 24.47 13.91
2016 2.38 5.31 14.84 8.00 9.72 17.15 7.32 19.87 [R ] 15.08 3.37 10.46 25.07 12.92
2017 2.31 5.82 17.34 10.52 12.41 19.25 9.80 19.89 [R ] 17.20 [R ] 3.90 [R ] 11.34 [R ] 25.60 13.68
2018 2.17 5.90 [R ] 20.88 11.94 15.64 21.34 11.12 23.64 [R ] 19.59 4.29 [R ] 12.38 [R ] 26.13 14.63 [R ]
2019 1.96 5.37 19.70 10.09 14.37 20.34 11.32 23.81 18.30 4.28 11.62 26.62 14.04
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 21.1 168.7 79.3 67.2 3.0 530.1 1.3 49.0 729.9 3.4 923.1 337.5 1,260.7
1971 16.4 178.3 85.8 66.9 2.9 569.1 1.3 48.3 774.2 3.6 972.5 368.3 1,340.8
1972 17.5 207.0 91.1 80.0 3.2 601.2 1.1 51.9 828.5 3.9 1,056.8 412.6 1,469.5
1973 19.3 232.0 121.0 127.3 3.7 680.8 2.2 53.8 988.9 4.2 1,244.3 451.0 1,695.3
1974 26.7 252.2 196.0 153.5 6.7 836.7 6.2 81.3 1,280.5 4.7 1,564.1 508.2 2,072.3
1975 40.1 300.4 201.3 157.0 9.8 942.1 4.6 79.5 1,394.3 4.8 1,739.6 624.4 2,364.0
1976 44.3 351.8 228.6 225.2 12.3 1,033.7 7.0 96.7 1,603.4 5.2 2,004.8 709.9 2,714.6
1977 44.4 419.5 274.4 252.8 15.2 1,122.0 9.9 103.5 1,777.8 5.7 2,247.5 824.0 3,071.4
1978 51.6 437.4 296.7 234.1 18.4 1,165.3 7.1 115.2 1,836.8 6.4 2,332.3 926.5 3,258.8
1979 66.2 627.2 528.0 250.7 23.6 1,465.1 13.9 162.7 2,443.9 6.7 3,144.0 1,045.3 4,189.3
1980 55.2 703.3 588.6 234.9 29.6 1,853.2 6.8 170.4 2,883.6 36.3 3,678.4 1,184.5 4,862.9
1981 65.0 821.6 626.2 217.6 30.6 1,993.7 2.2 205.7 3,076.0 38.6 4,021.6 1,433.5 5,455.0
1982 65.4 954.7 687.3 270.8 25.6 1,843.2 7.1 177.4 3,011.4 38.5 4,113.6 1,561.9 5,675.6
1983 61.6 1,012.8 564.6 305.5 22.3 1,615.3 4.4 156.6 2,668.7 41.9 3,824.0 1,745.1 5,569.1
1984 63.9 1,059.9 631.3 176.0 22.5 1,580.8 4.1 179.9 2,594.6 44.0 3,795.7 1,653.2 5,448.9
1985 71.1 995.6 597.5 234.0 20.9 1,566.0 4.6 178.6 2,601.5 43.8 3,738.9 1,666.6 5,405.5
1986 66.0 847.1 512.5 240.2 14.5 1,174.7 9.1 150.2 2,101.2 28.7 3,063.6 1,731.1 4,794.7
1987 77.7 706.3 563.7 135.7 18.7 1,225.7 1.8 143.9 2,089.7 27.4 2,925.8 1,687.4 4,613.2
1988 72.7 863.0 531.3 146.3 16.5 1,258.9 3.9 152.7 2,109.5 28.7 3,098.9 1,731.0 4,829.9
1989 79.1 771.1 572.3 191.4 19.3 1,436.5 2.6 139.4 2,361.5 15.7 3,259.9 1,695.0 4,955.0
1990 80.5 792.5 688.0 143.8 30.7 1,561.2 1.8 147.2 2,572.6 22.3 3,496.7 1,744.6 5,241.3
1991 86.0 823.5 586.8 204.0 26.1 1,553.3 1.4 151.9 2,523.5 22.1 3,489.9 1,829.0 5,318.9
1992 72.2 946.1 622.7 253.8 21.6 1,453.2 1.5 150.4 2,503.2 21.0 3,583.9 1,807.2 5,391.1
1993 72.6 1,069.1 633.9 491.2 18.3 1,446.0 2.2 152.4 2,744.0 19.3 3,905.0 1,915.5 5,820.5
1994 79.7 1,070.4 662.3 407.8 21.5 1,549.9 2.4 164.1 2,808.0 18.8 3,976.9 1,957.5 5,934.4
1995 84.3 992.1 680.8 454.8 25.0 1,571.3 1.4 158.7 2,892.0 18.7 3,987.0 2,069.2 6,056.2
1996 98.9 1,147.1 879.8 370.3 23.6 1,794.7 1.7 166.3 3,236.5 25.5 4,508.0 2,078.5 6,586.5
1997 103.1 1,204.6 832.0 326.6 21.5 1,760.6 1.4 189.3 3,131.4 20.8 4,459.9 2,156.8 6,616.6
1998 89.8 979.6 703.7 407.3 24.4 1,543.5 1.5 175.1 2,855.6 7.3 3,932.3 2,254.6 6,186.9
1999 99.3 1,054.2 774.9 517.8 21.8 1,671.8 1.7 208.9 3,197.0 7.5 4,358.0 2,255.0 6,612.9
2000 96.5 1,431.6 1,069.0 755.0 30.5 2,244.5 2.9 227.0 4,328.8 9.9 5,866.8 2,318.8 8,185.6
2001 94.1 1,565.0 1,040.6 676.5 27.6 2,165.0 0.9 183.3 4,094.1 9.5 5,762.6 2,422.4 8,185.0
2002 100.7 1,277.1 948.4 632.5 24.5 2,076.6 1.1 205.6 3,888.8 13.6 5,280.2 2,458.3 7,738.6
2003 98.0 1,657.6 1,059.6 552.9 31.0 2,360.7 2.9 209.0 4,216.2 15.7 5,987.5 2,519.3 8,506.8
2004 99.3 1,773.4 1,407.5 906.5 46.2 2,894.3 8.1 238.5 5,501.0 17.2 7,390.9 2,618.5 10,009.4
2005 120.0 2,215.6 1,908.0 1,227.4 76.2 3,537.8 8.0 284.6 7,042.1 18.9 9,396.7 2,859.4 12,256.1
2006 158.5 2,074.6 2,252.6 1,385.9 89.1 4,176.3 2.3 346.1 8,252.3 21.3 10,506.7 3,037.8 13,544.5
2007 150.3 2,465.1 2,627.5 1,227.3 84.1 4,641.3 2.4 353.4 8,936.0 25.0 11,576.4 3,092.9 14,669.3
2008 162.4 2,987.9 3,504.6 1,785.4 101.7 5,133.4 13.2 388.2 10,926.5 30.0 14,106.8 3,135.3 17,242.1
2009 160.2 2,160.9 2,155.8 1,468.5 38.5 3,774.3 3.3 348.7 7,789.2 28.6 10,138.9 3,215.3 13,354.2
2010 184.7 2,079.2 2,807.7 1,084.3 91.0 [R ] 4,586.5 1.7 365.5 8,936.6 [R ] 34.0 11,234.6 [R ] 3,479.7 14,714.3 [R ]
2011 196.7 1,998.4 3,703.2 1,215.0 125.9 [R ] 5,860.7 3.1 401.9 [R ] 11,309.9 [R ] 28.2 13,533.2 [R ] 3,451.3 16,984.5 [R ]
2012 179.5 1,634.3 3,737.2 725.0 133.5 [R ] 5,615.9 1.2 422.5 10,635.4 [R ] 26.2 12,475.4 [R ] 3,524.3 15,999.6 [R ]
2013 178.7 1,988.9 3,742.3 919.1 [R ] 125.0 [R ] 5,560.6 0.6 470.1 10,817.7 [R ] 32.3 13,017.6 [R ] 3,769.0 16,786.5 [R ]
2014 159.0 2,542.1 3,786.3 1,113.1 [R ] 109.7 [R ] 5,400.9 0.6 473.5 [R ] 10,884.1 [R ] 36.0 13,621.2 [R ] 3,847.3 17,468.5 [R ]
2015 141.4 1,801.6 2,600.5 555.4 [R ] 71.6 [R ] 3,848.6 416.0 [R ] 7,492.2 [R ] 23.0 9,458.2 [R ] 3,935.8 13,394.0 [R ]
2016 115.0 1,685.3 2,208.7 509.1 [R ] 58.4 [R ] 3,570.1 0.1 362.6 [R ] 6,708.9 [R ] 17.0 [R ] 8,526.2 [R ] 4,142.7 12,668.9 [R ]
2017 109.6 2,159.7 2,573.4 672.5 [R ] 81.6 [R ] 3,658.9 1.0 375.8 [R ] 7,363.2 [R ] 17.1 [R ] 9,649.6 [R ] 4,273.0 13,922.5 [R ]
2018 100.7 2,398.3 [R ] 3,141.2 885.2 [R ] 102.7 [R ] 4,019.6 0.8 406.3 [R ] 8,555.7 [R ] 22.3 [R ] 11,077.1 [R ] 4,565.7 [R ] 15,642.8 [R ]
2019 88.1 2,166.4 3,089.1 821.7 93.8 3,801.5 1.1 400.6 8,207.8 25.5 10,487.8 4,635.8 15,123.7
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. iThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.
bBeginning in 2009, includes biodiesel blended into distillate fuel oil. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included
in the motor gasoline column.
cHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.05 million dollars.
dThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes
kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
Where shown, — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See
explanation of adjustments in Section 7 of the Technical Notes.
eBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Notes: Price estimates are weighted averages of price estimates and expenditure estimates are
the sum of expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation
sectors. · Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
fIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the
“other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical
Notes.
hThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded
coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.