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State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we are updating the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2021, Maryland

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2021, Maryland







Year
Primary Energy


Electric
Power
Sector i,k,l





Electricity m




Total
Energy h,i,j
Coal

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass


Total h,i,j,k
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total
Distillate
Fuel Oil b

HGL c
Jet
Fuel d
Motor
Gasoline e
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other f

Total
Wood and
Waste g,h
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.58 0.34 0.45 1.07 1.20 1.71 0.73 2.85 0.43 1.53 1.62 1.17 1.17 0.40 5.76 1.79
1971 0.71 0.51 0.60 1.12 1.22 1.68 0.76 2.88 0.62 1.69 1.64 1.18 1.27 0.56 6.27 1.94
1972 0.77 0.49 0.61 1.18 1.23 1.65 0.81 3.01 0.62 1.69 1.63 1.18 1.34 0.59 6.62 2.07
1973 0.84 0.48 0.67 1.20 1.48 2.25 0.94 3.14 0.72 1.73 1.75 1.23 1.42 0.66 7.07 2.18
1974 1.59 1.15 1.36 1.37 2.45 2.67 1.59 4.52 1.85 2.47 2.90 1.41 2.33 1.58 10.07 3.39
1975 2.14 1.28 1.69 1.94 2.61 3.58 2.04 4.86 1.87 2.90 3.29 0.23 1.43 2.62 1.36 11.19 4.00
1976 2.11 1.14 1.60 2.18 2.80 3.84 2.17 5.02 1.81 3.19 3.43 0.22 1.48 2.62 1.17 11.20 4.13
1977 2.13 1.19 1.55 2.75 3.21 3.90 2.56 5.30 2.14 3.21 3.75 0.31 1.57 2.84 1.19 12.00 4.67
1978 2.34 1.32 1.69 3.01 3.40 4.63 2.83 5.33 2.01 3.51 3.80 0.36 1.63 2.94 1.29 13.46 4.99
1979 2.32 1.40 1.75 2.88 4.85 4.15 3.95 7.02 3.02 4.65 5.18 0.42 2.04 3.63 1.57 13.58 5.65
1980 2.38 1.50 1.77 3.81 6.87 6.63 6.46 9.93 4.04 7.14 7.66 0.44 2.88 4.90 1.66 15.47 7.65
1981 2.56 1.76 1.99 4.42 8.24 7.02 7.61 11.09 4.80 7.80 8.95 0.46 3.23 5.62 1.79 17.31 8.76
1982 2.73 1.86 2.09 5.52 7.89 6.97 7.18 10.38 4.45 7.25 8.48 0.47 3.50 5.57 1.78 18.97 9.04
1983 2.15 1.70 1.81 6.64 7.74 7.65 6.44 9.36 4.49 6.65 7.89 0.53 3.08 5.32 1.65 18.71 8.92
1984 2.02 1.74 1.80 6.59 7.93 6.94 6.16 9.00 4.78 6.82 7.77 0.58 3.21 5.23 1.68 17.67 8.57
1985 1.88 1.71 1.75 6.29 7.76 11.59 5.80 9.51 4.06 6.96 8.12 0.59 3.18 5.39 1.66 18.60 9.02
1986 1.76 1.64 1.66 5.99 6.04 11.32 4.01 7.55 2.30 6.00 6.42 0.56 2.55 4.34 1.33 18.66 8.14
1987 1.59 1.55 1.56 5.31 6.29 11.07 4.01 8.06 3.03 5.26 6.64 0.49 2.36 4.46 1.44 17.61 7.96
1988 1.61 1.56 1.57 4.92 6.24 10.16 3.75 8.65 2.27 5.13 6.72 0.49 2.38 4.38 1.35 17.13 8.02
1989 1.67 1.59 1.60 5.07 6.68 13.46 4.38 9.35 2.68 5.73 7.11 0.52 1.79 5.02 1.84 17.53 8.60
1990 1.71 1.60 1.61 5.01 7.95 11.73 5.47 10.33 3.04 5.64 8.18 0.61 1.28 5.52 1.87 18.45 9.44
1991 1.75 1.60 1.62 4.62 7.53 12.60 4.78 9.86 2.16 5.41 7.86 0.50 1.34 4.93 1.46 19.95 9.69
1992 1.57 1.57 4.92 7.24 11.45 4.49 10.05 2.16 4.90 7.96 0.45 1.29 5.03 1.36 19.91 9.89
1993 1.73 1.58 1.58 5.42 7.17 11.55 4.16 10.01 2.21 5.14 7.75 0.53 1.44 4.96 1.38 20.37 10.13
1994 1.53 1.53 5.31 6.89 11.25 3.85 10.17 2.36 5.07 7.85 0.52 1.40 5.01 1.41 20.57 10.22
1995 1.49 1.49 4.80 6.79 11.80 3.89 10.49 2.65 5.31 8.46 0.48 1.36 4.92 1.26 20.66 10.25
1996 1.48 1.48 6.20 7.83 12.86 4.70 10.87 3.22 5.72 8.99 0.48 1.29 5.47 1.31 20.37 10.73
1997 1.49 1.49 5.71 7.75 13.30 4.47 10.71 2.88 5.76 8.86 0.47 1.17 5.33 1.28 20.44 10.51
1998 1.45 1.45 6.27 6.56 12.25 3.34 9.38 2.08 4.89 7.42 0.46 1.16 4.80 1.27 20.47 10.17
1999 1.37 1.37 6.60 7.15 12.38 3.90 9.93 2.57 5.16 7.88 0.46 1.24 5.10 1.31 20.60 10.54
2000 1.33 1.33 7.97 9.93 15.00 6.55 12.01 3.86 6.61 10.30 0.43 1.52 6.33 1.39 19.72 11.87
2001 1.56 1.56 9.68 9.32 15.98 5.87 11.64 3.56 5.46 9.81 0.38 2.04 6.46 1.50 19.30 11.86
2002 1.63 1.63 7.52 8.79 14.28 5.43 10.98 3.75 5.64 9.46 0.38 2.15 6.01 1.55 18.09 11.08
2003 1.62 1.62 9.14 10.26 17.03 6.36 12.49 4.65 6.50 10.85 0.40 2.05 6.86 1.62 18.89 12.34
2004 1.77 1.77 10.26 12.13 18.55 8.93 14.88 4.75 6.15 12.60 0.42 2.19 7.90 1.68 20.97 13.87
2005 1.96 1.96 12.43 16.27 20.79 12.57 18.23 6.95 8.22 15.87 0.42 2.98 9.87 2.26 23.83 16.83
2006 2.29 2.29 13.28 18.49 23.46 14.78 20.91 8.03 15.60 19.47 0.52 2.99 11.49 2.09 29.17 20.02
2007 2.16 2.16 12.44 20.00 26.28 15.93 22.38 9.21 14.50 20.78 0.46 3.14 11.82 2.09 33.72 21.62
2008 3.63 3.63 13.72 26.63 30.74 21.94 26.15 12.45 20.27 25.55 0.48 3.68 14.41 3.08 38.12 25.32
2009 2.98 2.98 11.15 17.60 26.26 12.19 18.99 8.95 18.49 18.46 0.55 3.70 11.08 2.30 38.37 21.11
2010 3.36 3.36 9.94 21.21 29.23 16.28 22.71 11.87 22.67 21.94 0.64 4.05 12.53 2.76 37.24 22.70
2011 3.65 3.65 10.03 26.78 32.59 22.51 28.85 17.98 26.86 27.86 0.67 4.53 15.37 2.77 34.98 25.42
2012 3.54 3.54 8.63 28.05 29.10 23.08 29.92 19.67 26.85 28.86 0.73 4.26 15.99 2.50 33.07 25.63
2013 3.39 3.39 9.57 27.59 28.91 21.95 29.07 18.38 27.47 28.17 0.77 4.60 16.00 2.52 34.16 25.35
2014 2.96 2.96 10.18 27.16 31.40 20.61 28.11 17.54 26.31 27.36 0.72 5.07 15.46 2.45 35.47 25.12
2015 2.86 2.86 9.09 19.19 23.43 [R ] 11.99 20.37 9.04 23.00 19.70 0.72 3.63 12.01 2.15 35.38 21.02
2016 2.83 2.83 8.06 16.16 21.87 [R ] 9.49 18.41 7.22 19.44 17.39 0.71 3.28 10.51 1.99 35.79 19.85
2017 2.65 2.65 9.20 18.84 25.58 [R ] 12.04 21.02 9.15 19.91 [R ] 19.90 0.71 3.29 12.36 1.86 35.12 21.22
2018 2.53 2.53 7.95 22.03 28.27 [R ] 15.86 23.02 11.68 24.71 [R ] 22.37 0.68 3.35 12.86 2.22 33.90 22.08
2019 2.66 2.66 8.08 21.54 23.76 [R ] 14.64 21.71 10.99 24.45 [R ] 21.23 0.65 3.55 12.86 1.88 32.93 21.44 [R ]
2020 2.37 2.37 7.93 [R ] 18.22 21.99 [R ] 9.89 18.76 7.65 22.19 [R ] 18.11 0.62 2.96 [R ] 11.01 [R ] 1.49 [R ] 32.68 19.98
2021 2.40 2.40 9.40 22.28 27.99 14.62 25.07 12.01 25.45 23.81 0.73 3.64 14.25 2.25 33.65 23.58
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 79.6 60.2 139.9 168.5 138.3 11.9 18.1 556.7 58.7 70.9 854.6 7.2 1,170.1 -91.0 442.4 1,521.5
1971 85.2 77.8 163.0 181.0 141.6 12.2 17.4 589.4 115.8 80.0 956.4 7.0 1,307.4 -131.1 516.9 1,693.3
1972 73.1 64.4 137.5 208.5 151.5 14.1 17.3 655.3 142.7 75.7 1,056.6 7.4 1,410.0 -153.9 570.3 1,826.3
1973 114.1 58.3 172.4 210.0 196.5 21.1 19.1 706.1 187.9 78.8 1,209.5 7.7 1,599.6 -176.8 668.8 2,091.6
1974 162.6 132.4 295.0 237.0 317.3 23.5 28.6 1,005.1 451.2 111.5 1,937.2 8.8 2,478.0 -451.9 922.2 2,948.3
1975 200.6 132.5 333.1 270.5 317.1 32.0 34.6 1,115.0 314.0 128.5 1,941.2 11.3 9.1 2,565.3 -352.5 1,042.3 3,255.0
1976 243.0 148.7 391.7 319.9 327.7 39.1 37.8 1,202.2 312.6 154.8 2,074.1 15.4 10.3 2,811.4 -359.5 1,143.8 3,595.7
1977 157.2 137.7 295.0 365.5 405.6 40.3 48.5 1,307.1 352.6 156.5 2,310.6 35.9 12.1 3,019.1 -396.5 1,288.5 3,911.1
1978 175.8 177.9 353.7 412.0 420.6 43.5 52.0 1,339.8 344.3 179.0 2,379.3 39.1 13.7 3,197.8 -450.5 1,490.3 4,237.6
1979 211.6 209.8 421.4 503.7 670.0 30.4 71.2 1,641.3 455.5 234.2 3,102.6 44.2 18.5 4,090.4 -531.5 1,550.4 5,109.3
1980 168.9 247.5 416.5 607.5 872.6 50.1 126.3 2,296.3 415.8 296.8 4,057.9 52.5 21.7 5,156.0 -544.9 1,825.4 6,436.6
1981 158.3 258.1 416.4 765.7 889.3 51.5 149.6 2,587.2 382.6 348.3 4,408.6 58.4 21.8 5,671.8 -549.0 2,086.1 7,208.8
1982 152.1 300.5 452.6 864.2 746.0 51.2 142.5 2,408.7 326.9 303.2 3,978.4 54.3 31.2 5,380.7 -534.5 2,247.3 7,093.5
1983 117.4 303.2 420.6 973.1 832.5 57.4 135.9 2,176.6 308.6 324.3 3,835.4 67.3 23.0 5,319.4 -540.2 2,341.9 7,121.0
1984 115.1 371.5 486.6 1,059.9 925.6 60.9 124.9 2,148.4 345.1 417.2 4,022.1 72.8 29.9 5,671.3 -593.0 2,313.7 7,392.0
1985 107.4 340.4 447.8 966.9 857.2 77.5 125.7 2,280.3 201.9 392.1 3,934.7 61.8 29.3 5,440.5 -535.1 2,495.9 7,401.3
1986 91.5 366.0 457.5 933.1 644.7 60.0 86.7 1,860.7 105.5 360.9 3,118.6 75.7 23.6 4,608.5 -493.8 2,671.1 6,785.8
1987 82.3 368.0 450.3 913.8 714.9 71.9 84.0 2,041.7 173.2 340.4 3,426.0 51.6 19.4 4,861.0 -515.6 2,698.3 7,043.7
1988 82.8 389.8 472.6 864.2 726.6 64.1 93.7 2,232.2 148.8 320.5 3,585.9 61.3 20.7 5,004.7 -543.3 2,779.3 7,240.6
1989 77.4 396.3 473.7 999.9 832.3 107.2 107.2 2,436.8 265.2 317.2 4,066.0 14.9 36.0 5,590.5 -677.4 2,946.2 7,859.3
1990 57.6 404.4 462.0 892.8 848.7 85.6 110.9 2,573.9 201.4 316.6 4,137.1 8.1 21.0 5,521.1 -593.6 3,117.9 8,045.4
1991 46.6 397.8 444.4 834.1 818.0 94.9 87.8 2,510.5 132.7 227.5 3,871.4 47.1 22.2 5,219.2 -578.3 3,478.6 8,119.4
1992 389.6 389.6 922.9 830.7 111.8 76.8 2,589.7 111.6 212.8 3,933.4 50.8 22.2 5,318.8 -542.1 3,464.6 8,241.4
1993 (s) 412.5 412.5 999.7 842.3 106.5 69.9 2,589.5 144.5 257.4 4,010.2 68.4 27.7 5,518.4 -611.6 3,744.2 8,651.0
1994 412.2 412.2 1,005.9 818.1 118.2 70.3 2,687.8 140.9 250.3 4,085.5 61.4 27.6 5,592.5 -619.9 3,842.2 8,814.8
1995 430.5 430.5 943.0 757.5 118.6 75.6 2,810.7 67.7 256.2 4,086.3 65.4 33.4 5,558.6 -562.5 3,958.9 8,955.1
1996 433.0 433.0 1,234.0 987.2 143.9 103.9 2,934.9 91.3 257.9 4,519.2 60.7 34.8 6,281.7 -578.5 3,961.3 9,664.6
1997 430.7 430.7 1,233.2 883.2 143.8 103.8 2,987.0 76.2 324.7 4,518.6 65.7 28.6 6,276.8 -583.7 3,923.5 9,616.6
1998 439.6 439.6 1,207.0 789.0 112.1 74.3 2,662.7 98.9 292.8 4,029.8 64.8 27.6 5,768.8 -630.8 4,040.0 9,178.0
1999 418.9 418.9 1,317.8 904.6 101.0 87.2 2,938.0 146.6 302.4 4,479.9 64.1 30.9 6,311.6 -669.2 4,152.5 9,794.9
2000 414.2 414.2 1,721.2 1,293.2 134.0 152.5 3,569.7 125.2 364.0 5,638.6 62.6 37.8 7,874.4 -699.2 4,083.1 11,258.3
2001 496.0 496.0 1,762.6 1,254.8 152.0 97.5 3,586.7 129.3 334.0 5,554.3 54.8 23.3 7,893.6 -730.8 4,058.4 11,221.2
2002 531.0 531.0 1,510.1 1,099.0 127.7 52.9 3,450.1 107.7 344.5 5,181.8 48.3 28.7 7,299.8 -735.3 4,221.6 10,786.1
2003 534.4 534.4 1,843.4 1,340.9 224.2 84.5 4,019.8 184.2 340.3 6,193.9 57.1 39.2 8,668.0 -803.7 4,593.8 12,458.1
2004 579.2 579.2 2,045.3 1,611.8 201.2 158.9 4,918.8 196.3 350.2 7,437.1 64.3 40.1 10,166.0 -837.9 4,785.3 14,113.4
2005 643.9 643.9 2,610.5 2,238.5 247.9 310.9 6,108.4 324.7 433.3 9,663.7 64.7 57.0 13,039.8 -1,169.9 5,559.1 17,428.9
2006 741.9 741.9 2,479.8 2,425.7 271.4 347.2 7,121.8 132.3 454.7 10,753.2 75.4 58.4 14,108.6 -993.1 6,287.7 19,403.3
2007 706.9 706.9 2,566.6 2,509.5 278.5 318.2 7,625.6 141.7 528.6 11,402.1 69.7 59.7 14,805.1 -1,026.9 7,522.6 21,300.8
2008 1,123.2 1,123.2 2,749.4 3,018.0 370.3 477.2 8,702.3 124.6 661.1 13,353.6 73.1 71.4 17,370.6 -1,436.8 8,236.7 24,170.5
2009 795.7 795.7 2,242.9 2,011.5 320.5 231.0 6,684.2 58.1 426.8 9,732.2 84.4 71.1 12,926.2 -981.4 8,193.7 20,138.6
2010 894.1 894.1 2,099.6 2,558.8 385.6 588.4 7,355.8 78.5 485.2 11,452.3 92.9 87.6 14,631.6 -1,195.4 8,301.0 21,737.2
2011 881.3 881.3 1,935.3 2,991.5 426.8 835.9 9,199.2 71.1 527.3 14,051.8 101.1 95.1 17,072.7 -1,112.2 7,590.5 23,551.0
2012 681.1 681.1 1,802.8 2,918.8 290.1 821.3 9,677.4 37.5 509.1 14,254.1 103.3 90.5 16,931.8 -934.7 6,973.7 22,970.8
2013 620.7 620.7 1,933.3 2,724.0 328.6 774.2 9,818.7 36.4 532.0 14,213.9 114.3 103.6 16,997.6 -889.1 7,215.5 23,324.0
2014 595.2 595.2 2,151.4 3,035.9 410.3 [R ] 702.0 9,180.9 34.6 599.3 13,962.9 108.7 111.1 16,937.6 -908.6 7,464.6 23,493.6
2015 475.2 475.2 1,992.2 2,132.8 286.5 [R ] 433.9 6,945.8 13.1 549.8 10,361.9 [R ] 110.1 67.2 13,013.5 [R ] -766.8 7,458.5 19,705.1
2016 460.5 460.5 1,791.3 1,589.5 238.4 [R ] 362.7 6,065.9 5.2 443.5 8,705.1 [R ] 109.6 61.6 11,131.5 [R ] -730.4 7,492.2 17,893.2 [R ]
2017 283.2 283.2 2,070.6 1,786.1 279.5 [R ] 491.9 6,851.4 6.1 476.0 9,891.0 112.9 58.6 12,416.6 [R ] -587.1 7,106.1 18,935.6
2018 313.7 313.7 2,302.4 2,297.1 329.8 [R ] 664.0 7,472.1 18.6 483.9 [R ] 11,265.6 [R ] 106.3 61.3 [R ] 14,050.0 [R ] -848.2 7,182.0 20,383.8 [R ]
2019 205.3 205.3 2,308.1 2,202.7 301.2 [R ] 612.5 [R ] 7,029.2 7.1 466.8 [R ] 10,619.5 [R ] 101.7 47.5 [R ] 13,282.1 [R ] -623.3 6,823.3 19,482.1 [R ]
2020 117.5 117.5 2,143.9 [R ] 1,752.6 266.3 [R ] 329.3 [R ] 4,833.6 17.0 391.7 [R ] 7,590.5 [R ] 97.7 28.6 [R ] 9,978.3 [R ] -453.5 [R ] 6,425.6 15,950.4 [R ]
2021 165.7 165.7 2,574.2 2,215.6 347.7 461.0 7,359.8 10.5 469.7 10,864.3 114.1 34.2 13,752.5 -734.9 6,809.7 19,827.3
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
bBeginning in 2009, includes biodiesel blended into distillate fuel oil. Beginning in 2011, includes renewable diesel blended into distillate fuel
oil. Beginning in 2021, includes biodiesel and renewable diesel product supplied.
kElectricity imports are included in total primary energy and electric power sector but are not shown separately.
cHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. lExpenditures for fuels purchased for electric power generation, included in the expenditure columns for the primary energy sources, are
shown as negative expenditures because they need to be removed from total energy expenditures, to avoid double-counting.
dThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet
fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
mElectricity sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other energy service providers.
eBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.05 million dollars.
fIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See
Technical Notes, Section 4.
Where shown, — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See explanation of adjustments in Section 7 of the
Technical Notes.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Note: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
hThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste
beginning in 1989.
Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
iThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy. Data Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, State Energy Data System. See Technical Notes. http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/