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Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, Massachusetts

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, 1970-2019, Massachusetts







Year
Primary Energy


Electric
Power
Sector i,k,l



Electricity
Retail
Sales




Total
Energy h,i,j
Coal

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass


Total h,i,j,k
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total
Distillate
Fuel Oil b

HGL c
Jet
Fuel d
Motor
Gasoline e
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other f

Total
Wood and
Waste g,h
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.55 0.55 1.58 1.34 2.19 0.75 2.86 0.39 1.66 1.24 0.20 1.13 1.25 0.37 7.29 1.89
1971 0.62 0.62 1.70 1.42 2.11 0.79 2.93 0.65 1.76 1.41 0.19 1.13 1.42 0.60 7.90 2.09
1972 1.00 1.00 1.85 1.43 2.13 0.79 2.87 0.67 1.94 1.41 0.20 1.10 1.44 0.65 8.26 2.17
1973 1.37 1.37 1.97 1.67 2.62 0.94 3.12 0.75 1.91 1.60 0.21 1.15 1.58 0.65 8.68 2.41
1974 1.43 1.43 2.33 2.56 3.30 1.61 4.38 1.95 2.88 2.75 0.22 1.29 2.61 1.71 12.64 3.69
1975 1.57 1.57 2.86 2.74 3.68 2.10 4.73 1.95 3.42 2.95 0.18 1.29 2.82 1.66 13.93 4.12
1976 1.96 1.96 3.30 2.92 4.18 2.29 4.88 1.84 3.49 2.98 0.23 1.33 2.92 1.62 14.48 4.32
1977 2.20 2.20 3.56 3.29 4.33 2.64 5.21 2.14 3.63 3.33 0.20 1.39 3.25 1.89 15.41 4.74
1978 2.01 2.01 3.74 3.41 4.67 2.97 5.15 1.94 4.01 3.32 0.28 1.42 3.21 1.63 15.58 4.90
1979 1.90 1.90 4.04 4.95 5.66 3.98 6.98 2.82 5.58 4.75 0.32 1.70 4.37 2.35 17.07 6.57
1980 1.95 1.95 4.88 6.87 6.60 6.51 9.69 3.84 8.30 6.59 0.41 2.56 5.97 3.41 21.13 8.76
1981 2.44 2.44 5.80 8.50 6.98 7.80 10.86 4.74 10.24 7.88 0.44 3.04 7.01 3.97 25.53 10.48
1982 2.48 2.48 6.58 8.27 8.27 7.51 10.07 4.26 9.11 7.54 0.50 2.94 6.62 3.30 24.62 10.14
1983 2.25 2.25 6.94 8.10 8.99 6.87 9.28 4.28 9.65 7.40 0.56 2.88 6.39 3.04 25.05 10.27
1984 2.17 2.17 6.53 8.20 9.09 6.42 8.85 4.66 9.99 7.37 1.05 2.77 6.57 3.62 26.23 10.17
1985 2.01 2.01 6.25 8.00 12.13 6.04 9.18 4.04 10.03 7.29 0.60 2.69 6.23 3.00 24.34 9.93
1986 1.82 1.82 6.35 5.92 10.68 4.18 7.25 2.31 9.01 5.15 0.88 2.17 4.98 2.28 22.70 8.26
1987 1.65 1.65 5.23 5.81 11.47 4.12 7.56 2.77 8.27 5.62 0.92 2.02 5.14 2.57 23.46 8.57
1988 1.66 1.66 5.46 5.85 11.34 4.02 7.90 2.27 7.85 5.59 0.96 2.04 5.14 2.22 22.87 8.72
1989 1.64 1.64 5.31 6.52 12.02 4.61 8.50 2.64 8.73 6.15 0.70 1.28 5.34 2.22 24.39 9.36
1990 1.76 1.76 5.48 7.94 12.34 5.83 9.53 2.88 9.54 7.21 0.62 1.26 5.92 2.16 25.90 10.40
1991 1.75 1.75 5.38 7.46 13.75 5.00 10.01 2.21 8.26 7.02 0.61 1.24 5.76 1.89 27.91 10.67
1992 1.74 1.74 5.31 6.87 11.49 4.63 9.83 2.33 9.09 6.96 0.50 1.16 5.66 1.94 28.28 10.29
1993 1.70 1.70 5.68 6.79 11.53 4.36 9.54 2.57 9.42 6.99 0.49 1.17 5.79 2.03 29.21 10.48
1994 1.69 1.69 5.86 6.69 11.78 4.08 9.62 2.59 11.24 7.15 0.49 1.11 5.91 1.93 29.28 10.75
1995 1.69 1.69 5.24 6.62 11.70 4.06 10.28 2.67 10.40 7.79 0.42 1.21 5.98 1.79 29.57 11.08
1996 1.70 1.70 5.99 7.66 12.66 4.99 10.64 3.10 10.52 8.38 0.40 1.23 6.44 2.06 29.61 11.45
1997 1.71 1.71 6.29 7.49 13.76 4.61 10.74 2.67 11.61 7.98 0.46 1.03 6.40 2.15 30.54 11.77
1998 1.69 1.69 6.22 6.42 12.48 3.45 9.10 1.96 10.78 6.61 0.45 0.97 5.64 1.85 28.02 10.89
1999 1.75 1.75 5.96 6.78 12.35 4.01 10.06 2.41 10.87 7.56 0.44 1.05 6.13 2.02 26.53 10.98
2000 1.75 1.75 7.45 9.92 15.09 6.86 12.65 3.96 10.88 10.24 0.44 1.31 8.05 2.86 27.75 13.03
2001 1.68 1.68 8.80 9.35 15.92 5.80 11.98 4.21 10.79 9.79 0.49 1.90 8.30 2.76 33.81 14.30
2002 1.94 1.94 6.91 8.93 14.66 5.36 11.12 4.25 11.43 9.46 0.47 2.03 7.44 2.66 29.46 12.77
2003 1.77 1.77 8.81 10.43 17.13 6.75 12.83 4.92 12.95 10.89 0.45 2.18 8.90 3.64 30.95 14.76
2004 1.98 1.98 10.24 11.87 19.35 9.02 15.01 4.75 13.49 12.46 0.43 2.24 10.18 3.94 31.56 16.33
2005 3.08 3.08 12.40 15.99 21.69 12.74 18.13 7.29 16.36 15.82 0.44 2.59 12.80 5.92 35.70 19.51
2006 2.80 2.80 12.14 18.39 23.74 14.92 20.70 7.99 19.28 18.87 0.41 2.64 14.15 4.77 45.28 23.41
2007 2.80 2.80 12.15 19.89 26.46 16.47 22.55 9.45 24.84 20.64 0.57 2.86 15.05 5.42 44.44 24.18
2008 2.97 2.97 13.75 25.89 31.34 23.06 26.45 10.85 38.34 25.44 0.48 3.29 17.96 6.49 47.58 27.38
2009 3.49 3.49 10.11 17.89 27.37 12.87 19.51 8.00 21.44 18.53 0.57 3.24 13.18 4.02 45.27 22.08
2010 3.21 3.21 9.40 21.52 31.09 16.41 22.83 12.84 23.88 21.92 [R ] 0.65 3.71 14.64 [R ] 4.20 41.79 23.23 [R ]
2011 3.72 3.72 9.06 26.53 35.88 22.87 29.29 17.34 27.44 27.86 [R ] 0.70 4.12 17.83 [R ] 4.29 41.36 26.13 [R ]
2012 3.76 3.76 7.98 28.88 33.05 23.36 30.31 17.31 28.54 29.19 [R ] 0.77 4.00 18.19 [R ] 3.04 40.41 26.84 [R ]
2013 4.25 4.25 9.49 28.34 32.27 22.59 29.51 16.14 29.23 28.48 [R ] 0.84 4.34 18.65 [R ] 4.73 42.53 26.48 [R ]
2014 4.33 4.33 10.83 27.53 35.19 21.02 28.40 14.18 28.32 27.39 [R ] 0.80 4.56 18.56 [R ] 5.08 45.00 26.49 [R ]
2015 3.56 3.56 8.71 19.16 28.26 12.36 20.10 7.32 25.33 [R ] 19.28 [R ] 0.71 3.65 13.64 [R ] 3.65 49.54 22.31 [R ]
2016 4.08 4.08 7.52 16.21 28.25 10.41 18.14 5.84 21.36 [R ] 16.97 [R ] 0.67 3.12 11.94 [R ] 2.79 48.30 20.58 [R ]
2017 4.35 4.35 8.18 18.09 30.80 12.30 20.51 7.52 21.94 [R ] 19.04 [R ] 0.76 3.17 [R ] 13.32 [R ] 3.06 50.18 22.01 [R ]
2018 5.73 5.73 10.57 21.18 31.38 16.27 23.06 9.62 25.67 [R ] 21.90 [R ] 0.75 3.17 [R ] 16.08 [R ] 3.89 54.23 24.75 [R ]
2019 6.11 6.11 10.16 20.31 29.65 15.04 21.78 8.73 26.26 20.78 0.69 3.50 15.71 3.82 53.92 23.49
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 11.7 11.7 234.1 461.9 15.0 33.3 743.8 210.9 70.4 1,535.2 2.7 12.4 1,796.0 -112.4 612.8 2,296.4
1971 8.0 8.0 267.5 509.8 14.7 38.4 781.3 341.5 74.4 1,760.1 2.9 11.8 2,050.4 -185.1 711.1 2,576.3
1972 7.6 7.6 299.5 534.2 17.3 40.0 809.5 368.1 78.3 1,847.4 3.2 11.1 2,168.8 -212.3 799.7 2,756.3
1973 7.1 7.1 309.4 629.2 20.9 47.9 912.3 403.8 77.2 2,091.4 11.8 11.4 2,431.1 -226.6 907.0 3,111.5
1974 37.8 37.8 364.2 901.6 25.3 75.0 1,250.0 847.1 100.4 3,199.3 7.1 13.2 3,621.6 -511.0 1,273.3 4,383.8
1975 38.5 38.5 441.3 934.7 31.5 95.0 1,357.3 808.9 93.0 3,320.3 7.5 12.8 3,820.5 -524.9 1,401.0 4,696.6
1976 7.7 7.7 517.0 1,069.2 39.3 104.2 1,444.6 861.4 108.4 3,627.1 9.4 14.8 4,176.2 -544.5 1,542.0 5,173.6
1977 8.8 8.8 572.8 1,170.1 47.1 131.0 1,557.7 960.4 110.4 3,976.6 8.1 16.6 4,583.0 -639.0 1,655.8 5,599.8
1978 6.4 6.4 604.2 1,168.0 47.4 142.5 1,555.3 851.5 119.6 3,884.3 17.2 19.3 4,531.4 -602.9 1,715.8 5,644.3
1979 8.8 8.8 635.1 1,253.5 46.1 196.8 2,037.4 1,019.3 149.8 4,702.8 21.0 24.9 5,392.6 -849.8 1,918.1 6,461.0
1980 44.5 44.5 901.9 1,504.7 51.2 315.8 2,619.1 1,306.9 199.7 5,997.3 14.3 55.2 7,013.2 -1,191.4 2,398.4 8,220.2
1981 64.9 64.9 1,083.9 1,586.4 64.7 352.5 2,971.5 1,474.2 244.1 6,693.5 20.8 61.6 7,925.2 -1,321.0 2,975.7 9,579.9
1982 222.7 222.7 1,303.4 1,537.8 64.3 312.6 2,747.1 1,128.0 230.8 6,020.6 23.2 54.7 7,624.7 -1,130.9 2,893.7 9,387.5
1983 218.1 218.1 1,356.8 1,488.5 70.7 283.1 2,562.3 943.0 198.2 5,545.8 37.2 64.6 7,222.6 -1,081.4 3,077.2 9,218.4
1984 252.3 252.3 1,397.1 1,756.6 57.7 250.5 2,505.1 1,101.4 249.6 5,920.9 11.8 46.4 7,628.5 -1,187.1 3,333.6 9,774.9
1985 222.0 222.0 1,395.1 1,677.7 77.8 238.4 2,644.5 915.4 227.0 5,780.7 39.1 46.1 7,620.5 -1,148.0 3,166.1 9,638.6
1986 181.7 181.7 1,203.3 1,333.9 90.1 163.4 2,147.7 721.3 196.8 4,653.1 22.6 38.8 6,214.2 -812.5 3,101.8 8,503.4
1987 194.5 194.5 1,215.6 1,426.7 112.3 182.9 2,289.8 661.9 198.2 4,871.8 10.9 29.7 6,470.8 -930.7 3,392.7 8,932.8
1988 193.5 193.5 1,174.4 1,392.1 100.5 212.1 2,462.5 548.3 189.1 4,904.7 11.3 31.6 6,402.1 -790.8 3,489.7 9,101.1
1989 199.8 199.8 1,372.2 1,663.2 116.3 260.8 2,602.4 632.1 188.0 5,462.7 22.4 44.4 7,164.0 -948.3 3,801.7 10,017.5
1990 201.2 201.2 1,492.9 1,784.6 119.9 323.3 2,810.2 579.0 194.7 5,811.8 33.3 47.7 7,641.7 -886.1 4,016.0 10,771.7
1991 206.2 206.2 1,519.7 1,625.5 99.1 264.2 2,865.2 424.3 198.9 5,477.3 28.3 49.6 7,337.2 -781.0 4,266.0 10,822.1
1992 194.4 194.4 1,820.2 1,590.5 80.8 206.1 2,863.8 400.8 199.2 5,341.3 25.0 49.3 7,467.5 -781.4 4,341.7 11,027.8
1993 169.7 169.7 1,976.8 1,522.2 90.9 190.6 2,789.8 392.5 200.0 5,185.9 22.3 52.2 7,448.3 -755.7 4,512.4 11,205.1
1994 172.1 172.1 2,221.8 1,490.7 91.6 171.9 2,852.0 341.6 189.4 5,137.2 19.6 53.3 7,637.2 -733.0 4,604.7 11,508.9
1995 178.1 178.1 2,044.1 1,436.3 94.6 152.7 3,144.9 233.2 193.1 5,254.9 19.9 57.1 7,592.0 -681.0 4,693.2 11,604.1
1996 193.2 193.2 2,308.7 1,535.2 122.1 194.6 3,315.0 300.4 195.6 5,662.7 22.4 60.9 8,282.5 -769.0 4,777.4 12,290.9
1997 210.3 210.3 2,573.9 1,505.3 110.6 190.7 3,405.8 376.3 194.4 5,783.0 20.7 48.6 8,679.2 -940.2 4,989.5 12,728.5
1998 185.3 185.3 2,270.0 1,226.3 93.5 151.4 2,948.1 316.2 189.0 4,924.6 26.9 42.3 7,496.4 -848.2 4,647.2 11,295.5
1999 198.3 198.3 2,138.3 1,292.7 107.1 183.6 3,319.6 291.9 214.3 5,409.3 21.0 44.5 7,868.6 -812.6 4,472.2 11,528.1
2000 200.8 200.8 2,645.3 2,136.2 165.3 319.1 4,279.8 414.4 258.1 7,573.0 25.3 59.5 10,626.7 -1,119.0 4,901.2 14,408.9
2001 183.1 183.1 3,176.3 2,100.1 172.3 230.3 4,070.9 433.1 238.2 7,245.1 26.4 57.8 10,768.1 -1,025.3 6,055.1 15,797.9
2002 229.4 229.4 2,765.1 1,961.8 126.4 170.3 3,878.2 343.6 248.3 6,728.6 28.3 59.1 9,825.7 -1,046.1 5,398.1 14,177.8
2003 193.4 193.4 3,641.8 2,416.2 170.4 244.7 4,464.0 425.4 239.5 7,960.1 23.5 66.2 11,897.3 -1,557.8 5,861.9 16,201.4
2004 208.2 208.2 3,911.6 2,619.7 145.3 421.3 5,322.5 422.7 252.3 9,183.7 26.7 70.3 13,424.7 -1,653.6 6,044.7 17,815.8
2005 368.0 368.0 4,768.9 3,503.7 236.2 652.0 6,404.8 658.8 303.0 11,758.5 25.3 64.4 17,130.4 -2,533.0 6,971.1 21,568.6
2006 313.7 313.7 4,570.2 3,482.8 323.8 709.4 7,342.8 326.5 361.5 12,546.8 25.2 65.1 17,562.2 -1,876.9 8,628.4 24,313.7
2007 336.2 336.2 5,066.8 3,741.9 331.1 769.2 8,192.4 416.5 355.9 13,807.1 30.9 68.7 19,368.0 -2,256.9 8,663.8 25,774.9
2008 317.4 317.4 5,692.1 4,620.3 344.2 1,446.1 9,187.6 342.1 329.8 16,270.1 29.3 82.4 22,651.8 -2,496.2 9,072.5 29,228.1
2009 321.3 321.3 4,118.5 3,046.0 269.0 452.7 6,598.0 131.0 459.3 10,956.1 32.2 92.7 15,723.6 -1,403.7 8,396.7 22,716.6
2010 268.9 268.9 4,170.3 4,030.7 285.1 848.5 [R ] 7,704.0 103.8 527.1 [R ] 13,499.1 [R ] 40.5 108.8 18,256.3 [R ] -1,569.0 8,144.9 24,832.2 [R ]
2011 160.0 160.0 4,159.7 4,710.1 390.7 1,180.4 [R ] 9,788.7 105.6 586.2 16,761.7 [R ] 37.1 118.9 21,411.9 [R ] -1,393.4 7,842.4 27,860.8 [R ]
2012 90.4 90.4 3,407.9 4,275.4 303.1 1,199.2 [R ] 10,048.0 70.1 559.5 16,455.2 [R ] 47.0 109.3 20,144.5 [R ] -894.8 7,626.7 26,876.4 [R ]
2013 179.5 179.5 4,102.9 4,899.9 354.2 1,183.4 [R ] 9,751.8 87.4 618.7 16,895.4 [R ] 37.9 126.5 21,391.1 [R ] -1,292.0 8,019.9 28,119.0 [R ]
2014 129.4 129.4 4,597.4 4,621.7 431.8 1,176.4 [R ] 9,226.5 120.4 650.2 [R ] 16,227.1 [R ] 48.1 139.0 21,205.4 [R ] -1,336.3 8,363.5 28,232.6 [R ]
2015 86.1 86.1 3,887.8 3,304.8 320.5 728.1 [R ] 6,739.1 49.9 568.3 [R ] 11,710.8 [R ] 37.3 106.1 15,876.1 [R ] -982.0 9,232.2 24,126.2 [R ]
2016 82.0 82.0 3,248.8 2,339.4 298.5 714.5 [R ] 6,147.7 27.7 487.0 [R ] 10,014.9 [R ] 37.7 90.3 [R ] 13,503.8 [R ] -738.6 8,812.1 21,577.4 [R ]
2017 54.0 54.0 3,714.4 2,672.0 344.6 906.1 [R ] 6,835.4 31.8 493.7 [R ] 11,283.6 [R ] 39.9 88.6 [R ] 15,184.9 [R ] -784.9 8,991.1 23,391.1 [R ]
2018 0.6 0.6 4,688.9 3,336.9 399.7 1,231.9 [R ] 7,739.6 37.4 543.6 [R ] 13,289.3 [R ] 34.6 87.8 [R ] 18,137.1 [R ] -826.6 9,859.9 27,170.4 [R ]
2019 0.4 0.4 4,383.2 3,139.8 418.0 1,224.9 7,181.4 19.3 535.0 12,518.4 15.6 91.6 17,009.6 -601.7 9,445.5 25,853.4
aIncludes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. jFor 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline column.
bBeginning in 2009, includes biodiesel blended into distillate fuel oil. kElectricity imports are included in total primary energy and electric power sector but are not shown separately.
cHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. lExpenditures for fuels purchased for electric power generation, included in the expenditure columns for the primary energy sources, are
shown as negative expenditures because they need to be removed from total energy expenditures, to avoid double-counting.
dThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet
fuel is included in "Other Petroleum."
Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than 0.05 million dollars.
eBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, — = No consumption, including cases where adjustments were made. See explanation of adjustments in Section 7 of the
Technical Notes.
fIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See
Technical Notes, Section 4.
Note: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste
beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
iThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, or wind energy.