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Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, Massachusetts
(Trillion Btu)

Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2019, Massachusetts (Trillion Btu)







Year
Fossil Fuels




Nuclear
Electric
Power
Renewable Energy


Net
Interstate
Flow of
Electricity k




Electricity
Net
Imports l







Total f
Fossil Fuels
(as commingled)





Coal

Natural Gas
excluding
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a
Petroleum




Total


Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass



Geo-
thermal f





Solar f,j





Wind





Total f
Natural Gas
including
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a

Distillate Fuel
Oil including
Biodiesel a
Motor
Gasoline
including
Fuel Ethanol a
Distillate
Fuel Oil
excluding
Biodiesel a



HGL b


Jet
Fuel c
Motor
Gasoline
excluding
Fuel Ethanol a



Residual
Fuel Oil



Other d



Total


Wood and
Waste f,g


Fuel
Ethanol h



Biodiesel

Losses
and Co-
products i



Total f
1960 118.7 80.6 298.5 4.4 6.7 183.8 245.9 64.8 804.1 1,003.4 0.4 10.6 42.8 NA NA NA 42.8 NA NA 0.0 53.4 -3.0 0.0 1,054.1 80.6 298.5 183.8
1961 120.5 84.6 305.7 4.2 8.7 189.8 252.7 62.8 823.9 1,029.0 9.9 8.7 44.1 NA NA NA 44.1 NA NA 0.0 52.8 -11.8 0.0 1,079.9 84.6 305.7 189.8
1962 119.9 92.1 312.7 4.9 11.6 194.6 259.5 60.8 844.0 1,056.0 8.0 8.4 45.2 NA NA NA 45.2 NA NA 0.0 53.6 -5.7 0.0 1,111.9 92.1 312.7 194.6
1963 116.0 99.9 300.2 5.1 13.5 199.2 234.7 57.3 810.0 1,025.9 11.2 7.4 45.3 NA NA NA 45.3 NA NA 0.0 52.8 -6.6 0.0 1,083.3 99.9 300.2 199.2
1964 123.4 108.2 291.8 5.3 13.5 201.3 268.0 58.6 838.5 1,070.2 14.2 7.0 47.1 NA NA NA 47.1 NA NA 0.0 54.1 -18.8 0.0 1,119.6 108.2 291.8 201.3
1965 127.9 115.7 325.2 5.8 17.8 208.8 340.8 57.9 956.3 1,200.0 11.4 6.9 48.7 NA NA NA 48.7 NA NA 0.0 55.6 -21.7 0.0 1,245.3 115.7 325.2 208.8
1966 112.1 117.7 293.8 5.4 21.0 216.6 384.2 48.3 969.4 1,199.2 12.6 8.4 49.7 NA NA NA 49.7 NA NA 0.0 58.1 -21.9 0.0 1,248.0 117.7 293.8 216.6
1967 101.4 129.9 316.5 5.3 30.6 222.3 425.2 42.5 1,042.4 1,273.7 14.7 8.3 49.8 NA NA NA 49.8 NA NA 0.0 58.2 -20.1 0.0 1,326.5 129.9 316.5 222.3
1968 87.7 133.9 330.6 6.2 37.1 236.4 435.3 38.5 1,084.1 1,305.7 13.8 8.1 54.0 NA NA NA 54.0 NA NA 0.0 62.1 -7.9 0.0 1,373.6 133.9 330.6 236.4
1969 60.4 138.6 341.1 6.6 42.3 244.5 458.8 41.8 1,135.0 1,334.0 12.6 9.2 55.4 NA NA NA 55.4 NA NA 0.0 64.6 -8.8 0.0 1,402.4 138.6 341.1 244.5
1970 21.4 149.1 345.1 6.9 44.5 260.2 541.5 42.4 1,240.5 1,411.0 13.3 7.9 57.1 NA NA NA 57.1 NA NA 0.0 65.0 -24.9 0.0 1,464.4 149.1 345.1 260.2
1971 13.1 158.3 358.9 7.0 48.9 267.0 527.3 42.3 1,251.3 1,422.7 15.6 7.4 53.9 NA NA NA 53.9 NA NA 0.0 61.2 -5.7 0.0 1,493.8 158.3 358.9 267.0
1972 7.7 162.2 374.5 8.1 50.4 281.7 552.3 40.4 1,307.3 1,477.2 16.2 8.9 50.4 NA NA NA 50.4 NA NA 0.0 59.3 -6.2 0.0 1,546.5 162.2 374.5 281.7
1973 5.2 157.3 376.5 7.9 51.1 292.0 541.9 40.5 1,309.9 1,472.3 55.8 5.8 50.7 NA NA NA 50.7 NA NA 0.0 56.5 -3.1 0.0 1,581.6 157.3 376.5 292.0
1974 26.4 156.7 352.9 7.7 46.5 285.1 434.4 34.9 1,161.5 1,344.6 32.2 4.5 52.5 NA NA NA 52.5 NA NA 0.0 57.0 41.3 0.0 1,475.1 156.7 352.9 285.1
1975 24.5 154.6 341.7 8.6 45.3 287.0 414.8 27.2 1,124.6 1,303.6 41.6 4.3 49.0 NA NA NA 49.0 NA NA 0.0 53.3 21.7 0.0 1,420.3 154.6 341.7 287.0
1976 4.0 157.2 366.3 9.4 45.5 295.8 467.7 31.0 1,215.6 1,376.8 40.5 5.1 55.4 NA NA NA 55.4 NA NA 0.0 60.5 21.4 0.0 1,499.2 157.2 366.3 295.8
1977 4.0 161.5 355.4 10.9 49.6 299.2 449.6 30.5 1,195.2 1,360.6 39.6 4.4 58.9 NA NA NA 58.9 NA NA 0.0 63.4 23.0 0.0 1,486.6 161.5 355.4 299.2
1978 3.2 162.0 342.4 10.1 47.9 302.3 439.1 29.8 1,171.7 1,336.9 60.9 2.2 65.5 NA NA NA 65.5 NA NA 0.0 67.7 6.1 0.0 1,471.6 162.0 342.4 302.3
1979 4.6 157.9 253.1 8.1 49.4 291.7 361.7 26.9 990.9 1,153.4 66.1 4.5 69.8 NA NA NA 69.8 NA NA 0.0 74.3 14.6 0.0 1,308.5 157.9 253.1 291.7
1980 22.8 169.9 219.1 7.8 48.5 270.2 340.4 24.1 910.0 1,102.8 35.3 1.6 70.9 NA NA NA 70.9 NA NA 0.0 72.5 36.2 0.0 1,246.7 185.5 219.1 270.2
1981 26.6 165.4 186.6 9.3 45.2 273.6 310.7 23.8 849.2 1,041.2 47.8 4.5 68.7 (s) NA 0.0 68.7 NA NA 0.0 73.2 53.6 0.0 1,215.7 187.5 186.6 273.6
1982 89.6 181.8 185.9 7.8 41.6 272.9 264.8 25.3 798.3 1,069.7 46.2 2.6 64.0 (s) NA 0.0 64.0 NA NA 0.0 66.6 52.3 0.0 1,234.9 199.8 185.9 272.9
1983 96.9 185.6 183.8 7.9 41.2 276.1 220.1 20.5 749.6 1,032.0 66.1 2.9 75.7 (s) NA 0.0 75.7 NA 0.0 0.0 78.6 55.2 0.0 1,232.0 196.6 183.8 276.1
1984 116.0 208.3 214.2 6.4 39.0 283.0 236.1 25.0 803.7 1,128.0 11.2 3.1 61.9 0.0 NA 0.0 61.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 65.0 88.0 0.0 1,292.2 215.0 214.2 283.0
1985 110.2 221.0 209.8 6.4 39.5 288.1 226.8 22.6 793.3 1,124.5 65.1 2.7 62.7 0.0 NA 0.0 62.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 65.5 43.8 14.7 1,313.7 224.8 209.8 288.1
1986 99.8 188.8 225.4 8.4 39.1 296.2 312.1 21.8 903.1 1,191.6 25.6 4.1 65.5 0.0 NA 0.0 65.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 69.6 84.1 12.4 1,383.3 191.2 225.4 296.2
1987 117.6 232.0 245.5 9.8 44.4 303.1 239.3 24.0 866.1 1,215.7 11.9 3.2 57.0 0.0 NA 0.0 57.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 60.3 100.5 16.5 1,404.9 233.4 245.5 303.1
1988 116.9 216.4 238.1 8.9 52.7 311.7 241.5 24.1 877.1 1,210.3 11.8 2.2 59.6 0.0 NA 0.0 59.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 61.8 133.5 9.8 1,427.4 217.3 238.1 311.7
1989 121.9 260.3 254.9 9.7 56.6 306.2 239.1 21.5 888.0 1,270.2 31.9 4.2 62.4 0.0 NA 0.0 62.4 (s) 0.2 0.0 66.8 83.8 7.0 1,459.7 261.0 254.9 306.2
1990 114.0 273.6 224.9 9.7 55.5 294.8 200.9 20.4 806.1 1,193.7 53.6 13.0 52.1 0.0 NA 0.0 52.1 (s) 0.2 0.0 65.3 99.0 6.6 1,418.2 273.9 224.9 294.8
1991 117.9 283.7 217.8 7.2 52.8 286.2 191.8 24.1 780.0 1,181.6 46.3 11.6 54.7 0.0 NA 0.0 54.7 (s) 0.2 0.0 66.6 74.2 7.8 1,376.5 283.8 217.8 286.2
1992 112.0 344.4 231.4 7.0 44.5 291.2 171.7 21.9 767.8 1,224.2 49.7 10.5 57.7 0.0 NA 0.0 57.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 68.4 95.9 5.7 1,443.8 344.5 231.4 291.2
1993 99.6 350.6 224.0 7.9 43.7 292.5 152.6 21.2 741.9 1,192.1 45.6 9.1 60.4 (s) NA 0.0 60.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 69.7 131.5 6.3 1,445.2 350.6 224.0 292.5
1994 101.8 381.1 223.0 7.8 42.1 296.5 132.0 16.8 718.2 1,201.1 40.3 9.7 63.5 0.0 NA 0.0 63.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 73.5 131.5 5.2 1,451.6 381.3 223.0 296.5
1995 105.4 391.2 217.0 8.1 37.6 305.9 87.2 18.6 674.3 1,170.9 47.1 9.0 63.3 0.0 NA 0.0 63.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 72.5 140.3 6.1 1,437.0 391.6 217.0 305.9
1996 113.7 387.0 200.5 9.6 39.0 311.6 96.8 18.6 676.1 1,176.7 55.9 12.3 65.8 0.0 NA 0.0 65.8 0.1 0.2 0.0 78.4 146.6 5.4 1,463.1 387.4 200.5 311.6
1997 122.9 411.4 201.1 8.0 41.4 317.0 140.7 16.7 725.0 1,259.3 45.2 10.5 61.4 0.0 NA 0.0 61.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 72.3 73.7 6.4 1,456.9 411.6 201.1 317.0
1998 109.9 367.0 191.1 7.5 43.9 324.1 161.3 17.5 745.3 1,222.2 59.8 10.5 55.5 0.0 NA 0.0 55.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 66.4 73.6 6.0 1,428.0 367.1 191.1 324.1
1999 113.6 361.2 190.7 8.7 45.8 330.0 121.0 19.7 715.9 1,190.7 47.2 10.0 54.8 0.0 NA 0.0 54.8 0.2 0.2 0.0 65.2 140.8 6.6 1,450.4 361.4 190.7 330.0
2000 114.7 357.7 215.4 11.0 46.5 338.2 104.7 23.7 739.5 1,211.9 57.5 10.9 58.2 0.0 NA 0.0 58.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 69.5 190.8 6.1 1,535.7 357.7 215.4 338.2
2001 109.0 364.1 224.6 10.8 39.7 339.9 102.8 22.1 739.9 1,213.0 53.7 7.3 40.3 0.0 (s) 0.0 40.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 48.0 198.3 3.9 1,517.0 364.1 224.6 339.9
2002 118.4 404.5 219.7 8.6 31.8 348.8 80.7 21.7 711.4 1,234.2 60.2 8.9 37.4 0.1 (s) 0.0 37.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 46.8 190.6 1.7 1,533.5 404.6 219.7 348.9
2003 109.4 415.0 231.6 9.9 36.3 348.0 86.5 18.5 730.8 1,255.1 51.9 10.9 38.9 0.1 (s) 0.0 39.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 50.4 140.9 0.7 1,499.1 415.3 231.6 348.1
2004 105.1 383.6 220.6 7.5 46.7 353.9 89.0 18.7 736.4 1,225.1 61.9 10.0 40.5 0.7 (s) 0.0 41.2 0.4 0.2 0.0 51.8 157.6 1.6 1,498.1 383.7 220.6 354.6
2005 119.3 386.3 219.2 10.9 51.2 347.2 90.4 18.5 737.3 1,243.0 57.1 10.4 29.7 6.1 0.1 0.0 35.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 47.0 148.8 7.7 1,503.5 386.4 219.2 353.3
2006 112.2 378.0 189.4 13.6 47.6 338.1 40.9 18.7 648.4 1,138.6 60.8 15.0 29.8 16.5 0.2 0.0 46.5 0.5 0.2 0.0 62.2 169.2 2.0 1,432.8 378.1 189.4 354.7
2007 120.2 418.9 188.1 12.5 46.7 342.1 44.1 14.3 647.8 1,186.9 53.7 7.9 29.5 21.2 0.2 0.0 50.9 0.5 0.3 0.0 59.6 155.4 2.5 1,458.2 418.9 188.1 363.3
2008 106.9 415.2 178.4 11.0 62.7 329.7 31.5 8.6 621.9 1,144.1 61.3 11.4 30.4 17.6 0.2 0.0 48.2 0.6 0.3 (s) 60.6 156.7 13.1 1,435.8 415.3 178.4 347.3
2009 92.1 408.5 170.1 9.8 35.2 318.7 16.4 21.4 571.6 1,072.2 56.4 11.7 36.4 19.5 0.2 (s) 56.2 0.7 0.4 0.1 69.1 162.4 15.6 1,375.6 408.5 170.3 338.2
2010 83.8 447.4 187.2 9.2 51.7 [R ] 313.0 8.1 22.1 591.2 [R ] 1,122.4 [R ] 61.9 9.7 39.3 24.5 0.2 (s) 63.9 0.8 0.7 0.2 75.3 163.3 11.6 1,434.5 [R ] 447.4 187.3 337.5
2011 43.0 464.0 177.0 10.9 51.6 [R ] 310.6 6.1 21.4 577.6 [R ] 1,084.5 [R ] 53.2 11.2 39.3 23.7 0.5 (s) 63.5 1.0 1.1 0.6 77.3 182.0 15.1 1,412.2 [R ] 464.0 177.6 334.2
2012 24.0 430.9 147.7 9.2 51.3 [R ] 308.5 4.0 19.6 540.3 [R ] 995.3 [R ] 61.4 8.7 37.0 23.0 0.4 (s) 60.4 0.9 2.5 0.9 73.3 243.8 3.4 1,377.2 [R ] 430.9 148.0 331.5
2013 42.2 435.3 170.8 11.0 52.4 [R ] 307.1 5.4 21.2 567.8 [R ] 1,045.4 [R ] 45.3 9.5 40.0 23.3 2.2 (s) 65.5 0.9 4.7 2.0 82.5 267.8 4.2 1,445.2 [R ] 435.3 172.9 330.5
2014 29.9 432.5 166.0 12.3 56.0 [R ] 301.8 8.5 23.0 567.4 [R ] 1,029.8 [R ] 60.3 8.6 41.5 23.2 1.9 (s) 66.5 0.9 9.1 [R ] 2.1 87.3 273.8 4.8 1,456.0 [R ] 432.6 167.9 324.9
2015 24.2 457.1 170.2 11.3 58.9 [R ] 311.3 6.8 22.4 581.1 [R ] 1,062.4 [R ] 52.2 7.7 39.6 24.0 2.2 (s) 65.9 0.9 12.5 2.0 89.0 263.4 4.5 1,471.6 [R ] 457.2 172.5 335.3
2016 20.1 440.7 141.0 10.6 68.7 [R ] 314.8 4.7 22.8 562.6 [R ] 1,023.4 [R ] 56.6 6.6 38.6 24.1 3.4 (s) 66.1 0.9 17.5 2.0 93.1 [R ] 253.5 [R ] 3.4 1,430.0 [R ] 440.8 144.3 339.0
2017 12.4 462.4 144.1 11.2 73.6 [R ] 309.3 4.2 22.5 [R ] 565.0 [R ] 1,039.8 [R ] 52.8 9.6 34.3 [R ] 23.9 3.7 (s) 61.8 [R ] 0.9 21.5 2.1 95.9 [R ] 246.3 0.5 1,435.2 [R ] 462.5 147.7 333.2
2018 0.1 452.1 [R ] 155.5 [R ] 12.7 75.7 [R ] 311.8 3.9 21.2 [R ] 580.9 [R ] 1,033.0 [R ] 46.4 10.3 33.8 [R ] 23.9 2.0 [R ] (s) 59.7 [R ] 0.9 28.2 2.0 101.1 [R ] 289.5 3.3 1,473.4 [R ] 452.2 [R ] 157.6 335.7
2019 0.1 441.4 153.0 14.1 81.5 305.9 2.2 20.4 577.1 1,018.5 22.7 8.7 33.1 23.9 1.6 (s) 58.6 0.9 29.5 1.9 99.5 327.1 (s) 1,467.9 441.4 154.6 329.8
aSupplemental gaseous fuels (SGF) and biofuels are consumed with natural gas and petroleum products. In this table, SGF and biofuels are removed from natural gas and petroleum so that a fossil fuel total can be calculated without
double-counting. Biofuels are included in "Renewable Energy."
jSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. kIncludes the energy losses associated with the generation, transmission, and distribution of the electricity flowing across state lines. A positive number indicates that more electricity came into the state than went out of the state during the
year. Pre-1990 estimates are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 6 of Technical Notes for an explanation of changes in methodology.
cThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum." lElectricity traded with Canada and Mexico. Calculated by converting net imports in kilowatthours by 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4. NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be separately identified. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.05 and greater than -0.05 trillion Btu.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources beginning in 1989. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type
of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hExcludes denaturant. Because of differences in data sources and estimation methods, the ratio of fuel ethanol consumption and motor gasoline consumption should not be interpreted as the average ethanol blend rate. Pre-2005 estimates
are not comparable to those for later years. See Section 5 of Technical Notes.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.
iLosses and co-products from the production of biodiesel and fuel ethanol.