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Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States
(Trillion Btu)

Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2017, United States (Trillion Btu)







Year
Fossil Fuels




Nuclear
Electric
Power
Renewable Energy



Electricity
Net
Imports k







Total f
Fossil Fuels
(as commingled)





Coal



Net Imports
of
Coal Coke

Natural Gas
excluding
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a
Petroleum




Total


Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass



Geo-
thermal f




Solar f,j





Wind





Total f
Natural Gas
including
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a
Motor
Gasoline
including
Fuel Ethanol a



Distillate
Fuel Oil



HGL b


Jet
Fuel c
Motor
Gasoline
excluding
Fuel Ethanol a



Residual
Fuel Oil



Other d




Total


Wood and
Waste f,g


Fuel
Ethanol h

Losses
and Co-
products i



Total f
1960 9,831 -6 12,385 3,992 866 [R ] 739 7,631 3,517 3,129 19,874 [R ] 42,084 [R ] 6 1,608 1,320 NA NA 1,320 (s) NA NA 2,928 15 45,034 [R ] 12,385 7,631
1961 9,618 -8 12,926 4,045 891 [R ] 827 7,752 3,450 3,204 20,168 [R ] 42,705 [R ] 20 1,656 1,295 NA NA 1,295 1 NA NA 2,952 8 45,684 [R ] 12,926 7,752
1962 9,905 -6 13,731 4,266 973 [R ] 977 8,051 3,432 3,299 20,997 [R ] 44,627 [R ] 26 1,816 1,300 NA NA 1,300 1 NA NA 3,117 2 47,773 [R ] 13,731 8,051
1963 10,415 -7 14,419 4,353 1,052 [R ] 1,044 8,310 3,388 3,498 21,644 [R ] 46,471 [R ] 38 1,771 1,323 NA NA 1,323 2 NA NA 3,096 (s) 49,606 [R ] 14,419 8,310
1964 10,968 -10 15,298 4,371 1,124 [R ] 1,121 8,464 3,487 3,673 22,240 [R ] 48,495 [R ] 40 1,886 1,337 NA NA 1,337 2 NA NA 3,225 7 51,767 [R ] 15,298 8,464
1965 11,582 -18 15,779 4,519 1,170 [R ] 1,215 8,806 3,691 3,784 23,184 [R ] 50,527 [R ] 43 2,059 1,335 NA NA 1,335 2 NA NA 3,396 (s) 53,966 [R ] 15,779 8,806
1966 12,145 -25 17,006 4,645 1,234 [R ] 1,354 9,219 3,938 3,945 24,334 [R ] 53,461 [R ] 64 2,062 1,369 NA NA 1,369 2 NA NA 3,432 4 56,961 [R ] 17,006 9,219
1967 11,917 -15 17,965 4,766 1,312 [R ] 1,670 9,507 4,098 3,919 25,273 [R ] 55,139 [R ] 88 2,347 1,340 NA NA 1,340 3 NA NA 3,690 -1 58,917 [R ] 17,965 9,507
1968 12,338 -17 19,205 5,094 1,460 [R ] 1,941 10,114 4,201 4,155 26,965 [R ] 58,490 [R ] 142 2,349 1,419 NA NA 1,419 5 NA NA 3,773 -2 62,402 [R ] 19,205 10,114
1969 12,383 -36 20,658 5,244 1,678 [R ] 2,017 10,595 4,539 4,249 28,322 [R ] 61,327 [R ] 154 2,648 1,440 NA NA 1,440 6 NA NA 4,095 4 65,579 [R ] 20,658 10,595
1970 12,269 -58 21,693 5,401 1,667 [R ] 1,973 11,091 5,057 4,312 29,500 [R ] 63,404 [R ] 239 2,634 1,431 NA NA 1,431 6 NA NA 4,070 7 67,720 [R ] 21,693 11,091
1971 11,603 -33 22,365 5,658 1,700 [R ] 2,061 11,532 5,269 4,322 30,541 [R ] 64,477 [R ] 413 2,824 1,432 NA NA 1,432 6 NA NA 4,262 12 69,164 [R ] 22,365 11,532
1972 12,110 -26 22,682 6,210 1,927 [R ] 2,141 12,259 5,820 4,563 32,919 [R ] 67,685 [R ] 584 2,864 1,503 NA NA 1,503 15 NA NA 4,382 26 72,677 [R ] 22,682 12,259
1973 12,960 -7 22,595 6,575 1,959 [R ] 2,167 12,797 6,477 4,831 34,806 [R ] 70,354 [R ] 910 2,861 1,529 NA NA 1,529 20 NA NA 4,411 49 75,724 [R ] 22,595 12,797
1974 12,651 56 21,730 6,267 1,914 [R ] 2,030 12,535 6,056 4,619 33,421 [R ] 67,857 [R ] 1,272 3,177 1,540 NA NA 1,540 26 NA NA 4,742 43 73,915 [R ] 21,730 12,535
1975 12,656 14 19,977 6,061 1,811 [R ] 2,047 12,798 5,649 4,332 32,699 [R ] 65,345 [R ] 1,900 3,155 1,499 NA NA 1,499 34 NA NA 4,687 21 71,953 [R ] 19,977 12,798
1976 13,576 (s) 20,381 6,679 1,877 [R ] 2,026 13,415 6,445 4,700 35,142 [R ] 69,099 [R ] 2,111 2,976 1,713 NA NA 1,713 38 NA NA 4,727 29 75,967 [R ] 20,381 13,415
1977 13,907 15 19,972 7,126 1,867 [R ] 2,126 13,760 7,047 5,156 37,083 [R ] 70,977 [R ] 2,702 2,333 1,838 NA NA 1,838 37 NA NA 4,209 59 77,947 [R ] 19,972 13,760
1978 13,770 125 20,068 7,296 1,848 [R ] 2,164 14,211 6,936 5,464 37,919 [R ] 71,881 [R ] 3,024 2,937 2,038 NA NA 2,038 31 NA NA 5,005 67 79,978 [R ] 20,068 14,211
1979 15,042 63 20,688 7,039 2,214 [R ] 2,204 13,487 6,485 5,646 37,076 [R ] 72,868 [R ] 2,776 2,931 2,152 NA NA 2,152 40 NA NA 5,123 69 80,836 [R ] 20,688 13,487
1980 15,461 -35 20,227 6,110 2,135 [R ] 2,190 12,648 5,772 5,304 34,160 [R ] 69,813 [R ] 2,739 2,900 2,472 NA NA 2,472 53 NA NA 5,425 71 78,048 [R ] 20,384 12,648
1981 15,938 -16 19,750 6,014 2,098 [R ] 2,062 12,631 4,791 4,289 31,884 [R ] 67,556 [R ] 3,008 2,758 2,587 7 6 2,600 59 NA NA 5,417 113 76,094 [R ] 19,928 12,631
1982 15,269 -22 18,367 5,679 2,095 [R ] 2,072 12,538 3,939 3,858 30,180 [R ] 63,794 [R ] 3,131 3,266 2,630 19 16 2,665 51 NA NA 5,981 100 73,006 [R ] 18,515 12,538
1983 15,867 -16 17,212 5,720 1,983 [R ] 2,141 12,697 3,260 4,196 29,997 [R ] 63,061 [R ] 3,203 3,527 2,841 34 29 2,904 64 NA (s) 6,496 121 72,879 [R ] 17,348 12,697
1984 17,014 -11 18,390 6,065 2,230 [R ] 2,414 12,867 3,151 4,267 30,993 [R ] 66,385 [R ] 3,553 3,386 2,894 42 35 2,972 81 (s) (s) 6,438 135 76,511 [R ] 18,503 12,867
1985 17,540 -13 17,714 6,098 2,252 [R ] 2,497 13,098 2,759 4,164 30,867 [R ] 66,107 [R ] 4,076 2,970 2,923 51 42 3,016 97 (s) (s) 6,084 140 76,407 [R ] 17,843 13,098
1986 17,241 -17 16,603 6,196 2,158 [R ] 2,682 13,487 3,255 4,372 32,151 [R ] 65,978 [R ] 4,380 3,071 2,825 59 48 2,932 108 (s) (s) 6,111 122 76,592 [R ] 16,718 13,487
1987 17,950 9 17,647 6,328 2,339 [R ] 2,843 13,816 2,901 4,591 32,818 [R ] 68,424 [R ] 4,754 2,635 2,755 68 55 2,878 112 (s) (s) 5,624 158 78,960 [R ] 17,750 13,816
1988 18,886 40 18,460 6,655 2,373 [R ] 2,982 14,105 3,170 4,888 34,174 [R ] 71,559 [R ] 5,587 2,334 2,892 69 55 3,016 106 (s) (s) 5,457 108 82,711 [R ] 18,563 14,105
1989 19,055 30 19,607 6,712 2,403 [R ] 3,059 14,050 3,144 4,797 34,165 [R ] 72,858 [R ] 5,602 2,837 3,034 70 56 3,159 162 54 22 6,235 37 84,732 [R ] 19,716 14,050
1990 19,168 5 19,628 6,422 2,259 [R ] 3,129 13,872 2,820 4,999 33,501 [R ] 72,301 [R ] 6,104 3,046 2,626 62 49 2,737 171 59 29 6,042 8 84,455 [R ] 19,752 13,872
1991 18,989 10 20,033 6,210 2,466 [R ] 3,025 13,781 2,657 4,651 32,790 [R ] 71,822 [R ] 6,422 3,016 2,654 72 56 2,782 178 62 31 6,068 67 84,379 [R ] 20,148 13,781
1992 19,118 35 20,724 6,351 2,595 [R ] 3,001 13,973 2,518 5,031 33,469 [R ] 73,345 [R ] 6,479 2,617 2,787 81 64 2,932 179 63 30 5,821 87 85,732 [R ] 20,844 13,973
1993 19,836 27 21,255 6,466 2,557 [R ] 3,028 14,141 [R ] 2,479 4,920 33,592 [R ] 74,710 [R ] 6,410 2,892 2,737 95 74 2,906 186 65 31 6,079 95 87,295 [R ] 21,376 14,236 [R ]
1994 19,904 58 21,757 6,718 2,777 [R ] 3,154 14,360 [R ] 2,342 5,107 34,458 [R ] 76,177 [R ] 6,694 2,683 2,839 106 82 3,028 173 67 36 5,987 153 89,011 [R ] 21,870 14,466 [R ]
1995 20,099 61 22,721 6,812 2,791 [R ] 3,132 14,680 [R ] 1,955 4,976 34,346 [R ] 77,226 [R ] 7,075 3,205 2,901 114 86 3,101 152 68 33 6,559 134 90,995 [R ] 22,833 14,794 [R ]
1996 21,002 23 23,151 7,168 2,951 [R ] 3,274 14,967 [R ] 1,952 5,280 35,593 [R ] 79,769 [R ] 7,087 3,590 3,014 82 61 3,157 163 69 33 7,012 137 94,005 [R ] 23,262 15,049 [R ]
1997 21,444 46 23,372 7,298 2,956 [R ] 3,308 15,127 [R ] 1,828 5,552 36,069 [R ] 80,932 [R ] 6,597 3,640 2,919 104 80 3,103 167 68 34 7,012 116 94,656 [R ] 23,477 15,231 [R ]
1998 21,583 67 22,912 7,352 2,809 [R ] 3,357 15,559 [R ] 2,036 5,611 36,724 [R ] 81,286 [R ] 7,068 3,297 2,726 115 86 2,927 168 67 31 6,491 88 94,933 [R ] 23,016 15,674 [R ]
1999 21,582 58 22,925 7,587 3,193 [R ] 3,462 15,889 [R ] 1,905 5,701 37,737 [R ] 82,302 [R ] 7,610 3,268 2,754 119 90 2,963 172 66 46 6,515 99 96,526 [R ] 23,026 16,008 [R ]
2000 22,576 65 23,815 7,927 3,216 [R ] 3,580 15,991 [R ] 2,091 5,352 38,157 [R ] 84,613 [R ] 7,862 2,811 2,773 137 99 3,008 164 63 57 6,104 115 98,695 [R ] 23,907 16,127 [R ]
2001 21,906 29 22,748 8,170 2,895 [R ] 3,426 16,201 [R ] 1,861 5,534 38,088 [R ] 82,771 [R ] 8,029 2,242 2,374 144 108 2,625 164 62 70 5,163 75 96,038 [R ] 22,836 16,345 [R ]
2002 21,903 61 23,514 8,020 3,006 [R ] 3,340 16,619 [R ] 1,605 5,532 38,122 [R ] 83,599 [R ] 8,145 2,689 2,397 171 130 2,699 171 60 105 5,724 72 97,540 [R ] 23,582 16,790 [R ]
2003 22,323 51 22,823 8,341 2,905 [R ] 3,265 16,715 [R ] 1,772 5,715 38,713 [R ] 83,909 [R ] 7,960 2,793 2,403 233 168 2,805 173 58 113 5,942 22 97,833 [R ] 22,891 16,949 [R ]
2004 22,464 138 22,927 8,642 2,976 [R ] 3,383 17,023 [R ] 1,990 6,136 40,148 [R ] 85,678 [R ] 8,223 2,688 2,510 293 201 3,005 178 58 142 6,071 39 100,010 [R ] 22,988 17,316 [R ]
2005 22,793 44 22,567 8,745 2,812 [R ] 3,475 17,022 [R ] 2,111 6,062 40,227 [R ] 85,632 [R ] 8,161 2,703 2,538 335 227 3,101 181 58 178 6,220 85 100,098 [R ] 22,632 17,358 [R ]
2006 22,444 61 22,225 8,831 2,768 [R ] 3,379 17,058 [R ] 1,581 6,127 39,743 [R ] 84,474 [R ] 8,215 2,869 2,496 453 280 3,228 181 61 264 6,603 63 99,354 [R ] 22,293 17,511 [R ]
2007 22,748 25 23,671 8,858 2,835 [R ] 3,358 16,859 [R ] 1,659 5,815 39,384 [R ] 85,828 [R ] 8,459 2,446 2,502 569 368 3,439 186 66 [R ] 341 6,477 107 100,870 [R ] 23,735 17,428 [R ]
2008 22,383 41 23,836 8,346 2,656 [R ] 3,193 15,999 [R ] 1,432 5,165 36,792 [R ] 83,051 [R ] 8,426 2,511 2,494 800 518 3,811 192 74 546 7,135 [R ] 112 98,725 [R ] 23,898 16,799 [R ]
2009 19,691 -24 23,421 7,657 [R ] 2,707 [R ] 2,883 15,801 [R ] 1,173 4,618 34,839 [R ] 77,927 [R ] 8,355 2,669 2,387 910 602 3,898 200 78 721 7,566 116 93,965 [R ] 23,487 16,711 [R ]
2010 20,828 -6 24,568 8,011 [R ] 2,885 [R ] 2,963 15,570 [R ] 1,228 4,713 35,369 [R ] 80,759 [R ] 8,434 2,539 2,685 [R ] 1,061 726 4,472 [R ] 208 91 [R ] 923 8,233 [R ] 89 97,516 [R ] 24,634 16,632 [R ]
2011 19,664 11 24,954 8,211 [R ] 2,799 [R ] 2,950 15,110 [R ] 1,058 4,611 34,739 [R ] 79,368 [R ] 8,269 3,103 2,675 [R ] 1,065 754 4,494 [R ] 212 112 [R ] 1,168 9,089 [R ] 127 96,853 [R ] 25,015 16,175 [R ]
2012 17,381 4 26,076 7,897 [R ] 2,893 [R ] 2,901 15,022 [R ] 849 4,393 33,954 [R ] 77,415 [R ] 8,062 2,629 2,618 [R ] 1,064 709 4,391 [R ] 212 159 [R ] 1,340 8,730 [R ] 161 94,368 [R ] 26,138 16,085 [R ]
2013 18,039 -17 26,789 8,051 [R ] 3,166 [R ] 2,969 15,240 [R ] 731 4,455 34,612 [R ] 79,422 [R ] 8,244 2,562 2,835 [R ] 1,092 707 4,633 [R ] 214 225 1,601 9,236 [R ] 197 97,099 [R ] 26,845 16,332 [R ]
2014 17,997 -22 27,377 8,492 [R ] 3,066 [R ] 3,042 15,361 [R ] 590 4,315 34,867 [R ] 80,219 [R ] 8,338 2,467 2,917 [R ] 1,111 755 4,783 [R ] 214 337 1,728 9,529 [R ] 182 98,267 [R ] 27,439 16,473 [R ]
2015 15,549 -18 28,180 8,403 [R ] 3,224 [R ] 3,204 15,788 [R ] 595 4,381 35,596 [R ] 79,306 [R ] 8,337 2,321 2,830 [R ] 1,153 774 4,757 [R ] 212 427 [R ] 1,777 9,494 [R ] 227 97,364 [R ] 28,241 16,941 [R ]
2016 14,227 -19 28,393 [R ] 8,170 [R ] 3,178 [R ] 3,350 16,051 [R ] 751 4,433 35,932 [R ] 78,532 [R ] 8,427 2,472 2,733 [R ] 1,187 798 4,718 [R ] 210 570 [R ] 2,096 10,065 [R ] 206 97,230 [R ] 28,453 [R ] 17,238 [R ]
2017 13,840 -29 28,042 8,263 3,280 3,481 16,002 784 4,451 36,262 78,115 8,419 2,767 2,781 1,199 819 4,798 210 777 2,343 10,895 192 97,622 28,111 17,201
aSupplemental gaseous fuels (SGF) and fuel ethanol are consumed with natural gas and motor gasoline, respectively. In this table, natural gas excluding SGF and motor gasoline excluding fuel ethanol are presented so
that a fossil fuel total can be calculated. Natural gas including SGF and motor gasoline including fuel ethanol are presented separately for reference.
iLosses and co-products from the production of fuel ethanol.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. jSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy.
cThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum." kElectricity traded with Canada and Mexico. Calculated by converting net imports in kilowatthours by 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4. NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power. Does not include pumped-storage hydroelectricity. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources beginning in 1989. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical
Notes for each type of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hExcludes denaturant. Because of differences in data sources and estimation methods, the ratio of fuel ethanol consumption and motor gasoline consumption should not be interpreted as the average ethanol blend rate. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.