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Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2018, United States
(Trillion Btu)

Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, 1960-2018, United States (Trillion Btu)







Year
Fossil Fuels




Nuclear
Electric
Power
Renewable Energy



Electricity
Net
Imports k







Total f
Fossil Fuels
(as commingled)





Coal



Net Imports
of
Coal Coke

Natural Gas
excluding
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a
Petroleum




Total


Hydro-
electric
Power e,f
Biomass



Geo-
thermal f




Solar f,j





Wind





Total f
Natural Gas
including
Supplemental
Gaseous Fuels a

Distillate Fuel
Oil including
Biodiesel a
Motor
Gasoline
including
Fuel Ethanol a
Distillate
Fuel Oil
excluding
Biodiesel a



HGL b


Jet
Fuel c
Motor
Gasoline
excluding
Fuel Ethanol a



Residual
Fuel Oil



Other d




Total


Wood and
Waste f,g


Fuel
Ethanol h



Biodiesel

Losses
and Co-
products i



Total f
1960 9,831 -6 12,385 3,992 866 739 7,631 3,517 3,129 19,874 42,084 6 1,608 1,320 NA NA NA 1,320 NA NA 0 2,928 15 45,034 12,385 3,992 7,631
1961 9,618 -8 12,926 4,045 891 827 7,752 3,450 3,204 20,168 42,705 20 1,656 1,295 NA NA NA 1,295 NA NA 0 2,952 8 45,684 12,926 4,045 7,752
1962 9,905 -6 13,731 4,266 973 977 8,051 3,432 3,299 20,997 44,627 26 1,816 1,300 NA NA NA 1,300 NA NA 0 3,117 2 47,773 13,731 4,266 8,051
1963 10,415 -7 14,419 4,353 1,052 1,044 8,310 3,388 3,498 21,644 46,471 38 1,771 1,323 NA NA NA 1,323 NA NA 0 3,096 (s) 49,606 14,419 4,353 8,310
1964 10,968 -10 15,298 4,371 1,124 1,121 8,464 3,487 3,673 22,240 48,495 40 1,886 1,337 NA NA NA 1,337 NA NA 0 3,225 7 51,767 15,298 4,371 8,464
1965 11,582 -18 15,779 4,519 1,170 1,215 8,806 3,691 3,784 23,184 50,527 43 2,059 1,335 NA NA NA 1,335 NA NA 0 3,396 (s) 53,966 15,779 4,519 8,806
1966 12,145 -25 17,006 4,645 1,234 1,354 9,219 3,938 3,945 24,334 53,461 64 2,062 1,369 NA NA NA 1,369 NA NA 0 3,432 4 56,961 17,006 4,645 9,219
1967 11,917 -15 17,965 4,766 1,312 1,670 9,507 4,098 3,919 25,273 55,139 88 2,347 1,340 NA NA NA 1,340 NA NA 0 3,690 -1 58,917 17,965 4,766 9,507
1968 12,338 -17 19,205 5,094 1,460 1,941 10,114 4,201 4,155 26,965 58,490 142 2,349 1,419 NA NA NA 1,419 NA NA 0 3,773 -2 62,402 19,205 5,094 10,114
1969 12,383 -36 20,658 5,244 1,678 2,017 10,595 4,539 4,249 28,322 61,327 154 2,648 1,440 NA NA NA 1,440 NA NA 0 4,095 4 65,579 20,658 5,244 10,595
1970 12,269 -58 21,693 5,401 1,667 1,973 11,091 5,057 4,312 29,500 63,404 239 2,634 1,431 NA NA NA 1,431 NA NA 0 4,070 7 67,720 21,693 5,401 11,091
1971 11,603 -33 22,365 5,658 1,700 2,061 11,532 5,269 4,322 30,541 64,477 413 2,824 1,432 NA NA NA 1,432 NA NA 0 4,262 12 69,164 22,365 5,658 11,532
1972 12,110 -26 22,682 6,210 1,927 2,141 12,259 5,820 4,563 32,919 67,685 584 2,864 1,503 NA NA NA 1,503 NA NA 0 4,382 26 72,677 22,682 6,210 12,259
1973 12,960 -7 22,595 6,575 1,959 2,167 12,797 6,477 4,831 34,806 70,354 910 2,861 1,529 NA NA NA 1,529 NA NA 0 4,411 49 75,724 22,595 6,575 12,797
1974 12,651 56 21,730 6,267 1,914 2,030 12,535 6,056 4,619 33,421 67,857 1,272 3,177 1,540 NA NA NA 1,540 NA NA 0 4,742 43 73,915 21,730 6,267 12,535
1975 12,656 14 19,977 6,061 1,811 2,047 12,798 5,649 4,332 32,699 65,345 1,900 3,155 1,499 NA NA NA 1,499 NA NA 0 4,687 21 71,953 19,977 6,061 12,798
1976 13,576 (s) 20,381 6,679 1,877 2,026 13,415 6,445 4,700 35,142 69,099 2,111 2,976 1,713 NA NA NA 1,713 NA NA 0 4,727 29 75,967 20,381 6,679 13,415
1977 13,907 15 19,972 7,126 1,867 2,126 13,760 7,047 5,156 37,083 70,977 2,702 2,333 1,838 NA NA NA 1,838 NA NA 0 4,209 59 77,947 19,972 7,126 13,760
1978 13,770 125 20,068 7,296 1,848 2,164 14,211 6,936 5,464 37,919 71,881 3,024 2,937 2,038 NA NA NA 2,038 NA NA 0 5,005 67 79,978 20,068 7,296 14,211
1979 15,042 63 20,688 7,039 2,214 2,204 13,487 6,485 5,646 37,076 72,868 2,776 2,931 2,152 NA NA NA 2,152 NA NA 0 5,123 69 80,836 20,688 7,039 13,487
1980 15,461 -35 20,227 6,110 2,135 2,190 12,648 5,772 5,304 34,160 69,812 [R ] 2,739 2,900 2,472 NA NA NA 2,472 NA NA 0 5,425 71 78,048 20,384 6,110 12,648
1981 15,938 -16 19,750 6,014 2,098 2,062 12,631 4,791 4,289 31,884 67,555 [R ] 3,008 2,758 2,587 7 NA 6 2,600 NA NA 0 5,417 113 76,094 19,928 6,014 12,631
1982 15,269 -22 18,367 5,679 2,095 2,072 12,538 3,939 3,858 30,180 63,794 3,131 3,266 2,630 19 NA 16 2,665 NA NA 0 5,981 100 73,006 18,515 5,679 12,538
1983 15,867 -16 17,212 5,720 1,983 2,141 12,697 3,260 4,196 29,997 63,061 3,203 3,527 2,841 34 NA 29 2,904 NA 0 (s) 6,496 121 72,879 17,348 5,720 12,697
1984 17,014 -11 18,390 6,065 2,230 2,414 12,867 3,151 4,267 30,993 66,385 3,553 3,386 2,894 42 NA 35 2,972 81 (s) (s) 6,438 135 76,511 18,503 6,065 12,867
1985 17,540 -13 17,714 6,098 2,252 2,497 13,098 2,759 4,164 30,867 66,107 4,076 2,970 2,923 51 NA 42 3,016 97 (s) (s) 6,084 140 76,407 17,843 6,098 13,098
1986 17,241 -17 16,603 6,196 2,158 2,682 13,487 3,255 4,372 32,151 65,978 4,380 3,071 2,825 59 NA 48 2,932 108 (s) (s) 6,111 122 76,592 16,718 6,196 13,487
1987 17,950 9 17,647 6,328 2,339 2,843 13,816 2,901 4,591 32,818 68,424 4,754 2,635 2,755 68 NA 55 2,878 112 (s) (s) 5,624 158 78,960 17,750 6,328 13,816
1988 18,886 40 18,460 6,655 2,373 2,982 14,105 3,170 4,888 34,174 71,559 5,587 2,334 2,892 69 NA 55 3,016 106 (s) (s) 5,457 108 82,711 18,563 6,655 14,105
1989 19,055 30 19,607 6,712 2,403 3,059 14,050 3,144 4,797 34,165 72,858 5,602 2,837 3,034 70 NA 56 3,159 162 54 22 6,235 37 84,732 19,716 6,712 14,050
1990 19,168 5 19,628 6,422 2,259 3,129 13,872 2,820 4,999 33,501 72,301 6,104 3,046 2,626 62 NA 49 2,737 171 59 29 6,042 8 84,455 19,752 6,422 13,872
1991 18,989 10 20,033 6,210 2,466 3,025 13,781 2,657 4,651 32,790 71,822 6,422 3,016 2,654 72 NA 56 2,782 178 62 31 6,068 67 84,379 20,148 6,210 13,781
1992 19,118 35 20,724 6,351 2,595 3,001 13,973 2,518 5,031 33,469 73,345 6,479 2,617 2,787 81 NA 64 2,932 179 63 30 5,821 87 85,732 20,844 6,351 13,973
1993 19,836 27 21,255 6,466 2,557 3,028 14,141 2,479 4,920 33,592 74,710 6,410 2,892 2,737 95 NA 74 2,906 186 65 31 6,079 95 87,295 21,376 6,466 14,236
1994 19,904 58 21,757 6,718 2,777 3,154 14,360 2,342 5,107 34,458 76,177 6,694 2,683 2,839 106 NA 82 3,028 173 67 36 5,987 153 89,011 21,870 6,718 14,466
1995 20,099 61 22,721 6,812 2,791 3,132 14,680 1,955 4,976 34,346 77,226 7,075 3,205 2,901 114 NA 86 3,101 152 68 33 6,559 134 90,995 22,833 6,812 14,794
1996 21,002 23 23,151 7,168 2,951 3,274 14,967 1,952 5,280 35,593 79,769 7,087 3,590 3,014 82 NA 61 3,157 163 69 33 7,012 137 94,005 23,262 7,168 15,049
1997 21,444 46 23,372 7,298 2,956 3,308 15,127 1,828 5,552 36,069 80,932 6,597 3,640 2,919 104 NA 80 3,103 167 68 34 7,012 116 94,656 23,477 7,298 15,231
1998 21,583 67 22,912 7,352 2,809 3,357 15,559 2,036 5,611 36,724 81,286 7,068 3,297 2,726 115 NA 86 2,927 168 67 31 6,491 88 94,933 23,016 7,352 15,674
1999 21,582 58 22,925 7,587 3,193 3,462 15,889 1,905 5,701 37,737 82,302 7,610 3,268 2,754 119 NA 90 2,963 172 66 46 6,515 99 96,526 23,026 7,587 16,008
2000 22,576 65 23,815 7,927 3,216 3,580 15,991 2,091 5,352 38,157 84,613 7,862 2,811 2,773 137 NA 99 3,008 164 63 57 6,104 115 98,695 23,907 7,927 16,127
2001 21,906 29 22,748 8,170 2,895 3,426 16,201 1,861 5,534 38,088 82,771 8,029 2,242 2,374 144 1 108 2,627 [R ] 164 62 70 5,164 [R ] 75 96,039 [R ] 22,836 8,170 16,345
2002 21,903 61 23,514 8,020 3,006 3,340 16,619 1,605 5,532 38,122 83,599 8,145 2,689 2,397 171 2 130 2,701 [R ] 171 60 105 5,726 [R ] 72 97,542 [R ] 23,582 8,020 16,790
2003 22,323 51 22,823 8,341 2,905 3,265 16,715 1,772 5,715 38,713 83,909 7,960 2,793 2,403 233 2 168 2,806 [R ] 173 58 113 5,944 [R ] 22 97,835 [R ] 22,891 8,341 16,949
2004 22,464 138 22,927 8,642 2,976 3,383 17,023 1,990 6,136 40,148 85,678 8,223 2,688 2,510 293 3 201 3,008 [R ] 178 58 142 6,075 [R ] 39 100,014 [R ] 22,988 8,642 17,316
2005 22,793 44 22,567 8,745 2,812 3,475 17,022 2,111 6,062 40,227 85,632 8,161 2,703 2,538 335 12 227 3,112 [R ] 181 58 178 6,232 [R ] 85 100,109 [R ] 22,632 8,745 17,358
2006 22,444 61 22,225 8,831 2,768 3,379 17,058 1,581 6,127 39,743 84,474 8,215 2,869 2,496 453 33 280 3,262 [R ] 181 61 264 6,637 [R ] 63 99,388 [R ] 22,293 8,831 17,511
2007 22,748 25 23,671 8,858 2,835 3,358 16,859 1,659 5,815 39,384 85,828 8,459 2,446 2,502 569 45 369 3,485 [R ] 186 66 341 6,523 [R ] 107 100,916 [R ] 23,735 8,858 17,428
2008 22,383 41 23,836 8,346 2,656 3,193 15,999 1,432 5,165 36,792 83,051 8,426 2,511 2,494 800 39 519 3,851 [R ] 192 74 546 7,175 [R ] 112 98,765 [R ] 23,898 8,346 16,799
2009 19,691 -24 23,421 7,615 2,707 2,883 15,805 [R ] 1,173 4,618 34,801 [R ] 77,890 [R ] 8,355 2,669 2,387 910 41 603 3,940 [R ] 200 78 721 7,608 [R ] 116 93,969 [R ] 23,487 7,657 16,714 [R ]
2010 20,828 -6 24,568 7,977 2,885 2,963 15,570 1,228 4,713 35,336 [R ] 80,726 [R ] 8,434 2,539 2,685 1,061 33 727 4,506 [R ] 208 91 923 8,267 [R ] 89 97,516 24,634 8,011 16,632
2011 19,664 11 24,954 8,098 2,799 2,950 15,110 1,058 4,611 34,626 [R ] 79,255 [R ] 8,269 3,103 2,675 1,065 113 756 4,608 [R ] 212 112 1,168 9,204 [R ] 127 96,854 [R ] 25,015 8,211 16,175
2012 17,381 4 26,076 7,782 2,893 2,901 15,022 849 4,393 33,839 [R ] 77,300 [R ] 8,062 2,629 2,618 1,064 115 711 4,507 [R ] 212 159 1,340 8,847 [R ] 161 94,370 [R ] 26,138 7,897 16,085
2013 18,039 -17 26,789 7,869 3,166 2,969 15,240 731 4,455 34,429 [R ] 79,240 [R ] 8,244 2,562 2,835 1,092 182 709 4,818 [R ] 214 225 1,601 9,420 [R ] 197 97,102 [R ] 26,845 8,051 16,332
2014 17,997 -22 27,377 8,312 3,066 3,042 15,361 590 4,315 34,686 [R ] 80,038 [R ] 8,338 2,467 2,917 1,111 181 757 4,966 [R ] 214 338 [R ] 1,728 9,712 [R ] 182 98,270 [R ] 27,439 8,492 16,473
2015 15,549 -18 28,180 8,212 3,224 3,204 15,788 595 4,381 35,405 [R ] 79,116 [R ] 8,337 2,321 2,830 1,153 191 776 4,950 [R ] 212 427 1,777 9,687 [R ] 227 97,367 [R ] 28,241 8,403 16,941
2016 14,227 -19 28,393 7,904 3,178 3,350 16,051 751 4,506 [R ] 35,739 [R ] 78,339 [R ] 8,427 2,472 2,727 [R ] 1,187 266 801 4,981 [R ] 210 570 2,096 10,329 [R ] 206 97,301 [R ] 28,453 8,170 17,238
2017 13,840 -29 28,063 [R ] 8,009 3,280 3,481 16,002 784 4,523 [R ] 36,081 [R ] 77,955 [R ] 8,419 2,767 2,676 [R ] 1,199 253 821 4,950 [R ] 210 777 2,343 11,047 [R ] 192 97,613 [R ] 28,132 [R ] 8,263 17,201
2018 13,250 -26 31,086 8,472 3,710 3,533 16,013 729 4,446 36,902 81,212 8,438 2,663 2,748 1,197 243 824 5,012 209 916 2,482 11,282 152 101,084 31,159 8,715 17,209
aSupplemental gaseous fuels (SGF) and biofuels are consumed with natural gas and petroleum products. In this table, SGF and biofuels are removed from natural gas and petroleum so that a fossil fuel total can be calculated without
double-counting. Biofuels are included in "Renewable Energy."
iLosses and co-products from the production of biodiesel and fuel ethanol.
bHydrocarbon gas liquids, include natural gas liquids and refinery olefins. jSolar thermal and photovoltaic energy.
cThrough 2004, includes kerosene-type and naphtha-type jet fuel. Beginning in 2005, includes kerosene-type jet fuel only; naphtha-type jet fuel is included in "Other Petroleum." kElectricity traded with Canada and Mexico. Calculated by converting net imports in kilowatthours by 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, and the “other petroleum products” category. See Technical Notes, Section 4. NA = Not available.
eConventional hydroelectric power. For 1960 through 1989, includes pumped-storage hydroelectricity, which cannot be separately identified. Where shown, R = Revised data and (s) = Value less than +0.5 and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of renewable energy sources beginning in 1989. Notes: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. · The continuity of these data series estimates may be affected by changing data sources and estimation methodologies. See the Technical Notes for each type
of energy.
gWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at https://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.php.
hExcludes denaturant. Because of differences in data sources and estimation methods, the ratio of fuel ethanol consumption and motor gasoline consumption should not be interpreted as the average ethanol blend rate. Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.