In 2021, total U.S. primary energy consumption per person (or per capita consumption) was about 293 million British thermal units (MMBtu), which was the second-lowest amount after 2020 since 1966. The large decline in total annual U.S. energy consumption in 2020 was mainly because of the economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
At the state level in 2020, Louisiana had the highest per capita total primary energy consumption at about 903 MMBtu per person, mainly because it had the highest per capita industrial sector energy consumption of any state. Hawaii had the lowest per capita total primary energy consumption at about 160 MMBtu per person. In the residential sector, Montana had the highest per capita residential energy consumption of any state in 2020 at about 92 MMBtu, and Hawaii had the lowest per capita residential energy consumption at about 25 MMBtu per person. The U.S. average residential energy consumption per capita in 2020 was about 62 MMBtu.
The world average per capita consumption of primary energy in 2019 was about 78 MMBtu.
Historical U.S. per capita energy consumption estimates (Table 1.7)
Energy Consumption Estimates per Capita by End-Use Sector, Ranked by State
International per capita energy consumption for the world and countries
International primary energy consumption for the world and countries
International population statistics for the world and countries
Historical data on U.S. energy consumption by energy source (Table 1.3)
Historical data on U.S. energy consumption by sector
Energy units and calculators
Articles on energy consumption
Last updated: July 8, 2022, with most recent data available at the time of update.