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February 5, 2021

EIA’s liquids pipeline database shows infrastructure changes and project statuses

completed U.S. liquids pipeline projects by year
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Liquids Pipeline Projects Database
Note: 2020 data are January–November.

In December, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) updated its Liquids Pipeline Projects Database of more than 240 future and historical liquids pipeline projects in the United States since 2010. These pipelines carry crude oil, hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGLs), and petroleum products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, and other refinery products).

EIA’s database contains project type, start dates, capacity, mileage, geographic information, and project status. EIA tracks expanded, reversed, converted, and new pipeline projects. Not all pipelines are independent projects; some projects are connected to each other and carry the same liquid to its final destination. As a result, simply summing the capacity of all projects could result in overestimating or double-counting.

From January 2020 through November 2020, 19 pipeline projects were completed: 10 crude oil projects, 8 HGL projects, and 1 petroleum product project. The petroleum product project was an expansion of the Plantation Pipe Line System from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Collins, Mississippi, to Roanoke, Virginia. Of the remaining 18 projects, 10 projects were new pipelines, and 8 projects were expansions of existing systems; 11 of those 18 projects were intrastate projects moving liquids within Texas.

The Liquids Pipeline Projects Database complements EIA’s natural gas pipeline projects table. EIA updates its Liquids Pipeline Projects Database based on the best available information from pipeline company websites, trade press reports, and government documents, such as U.S. Department of State permits for border crossings. EIA releases updates to the database twice each year, in late spring and fall. These data reflect reported plans. They are not a forecast and do not reflect EIA’s assumptions on the likelihood or timing of project completion.

Principal contributor: Jim O’Sullivan