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Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)

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Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)

The Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) is a national sample survey that collects information on the stock of U.S. manufacturing establishment, their energy-related building characteristics, and their energy consumption and expenditures.

The Capability of U.S. Manufacturing to Switch Fuels

Released: September 6, 2018

Manufacturers’ capabilities to switch fuels within a short period of time has declined from 1994 to 2014, according to data from the most recent Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). Among the most commonly purchased fuels, manufacturers could switch 24% of the total fuels consumed in 1994, but that capability declined to 10% in 2014. Capability to switch depends on the type of industry and the needs it may have for a specific energy source. When actual consumption data are combined with fuel-switching capability, data show that manufacturers use close to the maximum possible of natural gas and coal but close to the minimum possible of fuel oil and LPG.

PDF Energy Efficiency and Price Responsiveness in Energy Intensive Chemicals Manufacturing

Released: January 11, 2018

This paper presents estimates of the distribution of energy efficiency and price elasticities in the four major energy-using sectors of the upstream, energy-intensive portions of the Chemical industry (inorganic, organic, resins & plastics, and fertilizers).

PDF Energy Efficiency, Technical Change and Price Responsiveness in Non-Energy Intensive Chemicals Manufacturing

Released: January 11, 2018

This report provides estimates of energy efficiency and energy price response in the non-energy-intensive chemical manufacturing sector. A companion report focuses on the upstream, energy-intensive part of the industry.

Energy Use and Energy Intensity of U.S. Manufacturing—Data from the 2014 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)

Released: October 18, 2017

Energy intensity in manufacturing in the United States decreased from 2010 to 2014. U.S. manufacturing overall fuel intensity decreased by 4.4% from 3.016 thousand British thermal units (Btu) per dollar of output in 2010 to 2.882 thousand Btu in 2014.[1] U.S. manufacturing fuel consumption rose 4.7% from 2010 to 2014, although real gross output[2] increased more rapidly at 9.6%.

Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen

Released: September 6, 2013

Natural gas has been an important exception to the trend of rising prices for energy sources used by manufacturers. Production of natural gas in the United States increased rapidly beginning in 2007 as a result of resources found in shale formations. That increase in supply has in turn lowered the price of natural gas to manufacturers

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Data Show Large Reductions in Both Manufacturing Energy Use and the Energy Intensity of Manufacturing Activity between 2002 and 2010

Released: March 19, 2013

Total energy consumption in the manufacturing sector decreased by 17% from 2002 to 2010, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS).

Combined heat and power technology fills an important energy niche

Released: November 21, 2012

Early-release Estimates From the 2010 MECS Show That Energy Consumption In the Manufacturing Sector Decreased Between 2006 and 2010

Released: March 28, 2012

Energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector fell from 21,098 trillion Btu (tBtu) in 2006 to 19,062 tBtu in 2010, a decline of almost 10% , based on preliminary estimates released from the 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This decline continues the downward trend in manufacturing energy use since the 1998 MECS report.

Steel Industry Analysis Brief

Released: July 15, 2009

The steel industry is critical to the U.S. economy. Steel is the material of choice for many elements of construction, transportation, manufacturing, and a variety of consumer products. It is the backbone of bridges, skyscrapers, railroads, automobiles, and appliances. Most grades of steel used today - particularly high-strength steels that are lighter and more versatile - were not available a decade ago.

Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions in U.S. Manufacturing

Released: November 1, 2006

Based on the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration (EIA), this paper presents historical energy-related carbon dioxide emission estimates for energy-intensive sub-sectors and 23 industries. Estimates are based on surveys of more than 15,000 manufacturing plants in 1991, 1994, 1998, and 2002. EIA is currently developing its collection of manufacturing data for 2006.

Energy Use in Manufacturing

Released: August 14, 2006

This report addresses both manufacturing energy consumption and characteristics of the manufacturing economy related to energy consumption. In addition, special sections on fuel switching capacity and energy-management activities between 1998 and 2002 are also featured in this report.

Chemical Industry Analysis Brief

Released: June 15, 2005

The chemical industries are a cornerstone of the U.S. economy, converting raw materials such as oil, natural gas, air, water, metals, and minerals into thousands of various products. Chemicals are key materials for producing an extensive assortment of consumer goods.

Fuel Oil Use in Manufacturing

Released: May 15, 2000

This web page focal point is the large majority of oil products purchased by manufacturers to produce heat and power are distillate and residual fuel oils.

How Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing

Released: March 1, 2000

The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines were opened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their natural gas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly through a connecting pipeline.

A Comparison of Measures by Consumption and Supply Surveys

Released: June 15, 1988

This report was prepared in response to a request from the Office of Policy Integration in the U.S. Department of Energy for an analysis of how Energy Information Administration data from its consumption surveys compares with data from its supply surveys.