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U.S. energy facts explained  

U.S. total energy statistics

Data for 2022, except were noted.1 Note: sum of share of totals below may not equal 100% because of independent rounding.

Total primary energy production 102.92 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)
By fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 36%
Petroleum (crude oil and natural gas plant liquids) 31%
Renewable energy 13%
Coal 12%
Nuclear electric power 8%
Total energy consumption 100.41 quadrillion Btu
By fuel/energy source share of total
Petroleum 36%
Natural gas 33%
Renewable energy 13%
Coal 10%
Nuclear electric power 8%
By sector and share of total U.S. primary energy consumption share of total
Electric power 38%
Transportation 27%
Industrial 23%
Residential 7%
Commercial 5%
Energy trade
Imports 21.47 quadrillion Btu
Exports 27.41 quadrillion Btu
Net imports -5.94 quadrillion Btu
Net exports 5.94 quadrillion Btu
Electricity generation 4.24 trillion kilowatthours
By major fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 40%
Renewables2 22%
Coal 20%
Nuclear 18%
Petroleum 0.6%
Other gases and sources3 0.3%
Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 4,964 million metric tons CO2
By energy source share of total
Petroleum 46%
Natural gas 35%
Coal 19%
Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions indicators
Primary energy consumption per capita 282 million Btu per person
Primary energy consumption per real dollar of GDP 5.05 thousand Btu per chained (2012) dollar
Energy-related CO2 emissions per capita 14.9 metric tons (32,849 pounds) per person
Energy-related CO2 emissions per real dollar of GDP 248 metric tons (273 short tons) per million chained (2012) dollars

1 Source: Monthly Energy Review, April 25, 2023; preliminary data for 2022.
2 Excludes pumped-storage hydro electricity generation.
3 Includes blast furnace gas and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, municipal solid waste from nonrenewable/non-biogenic sources, tire-derived fuels, and other miscellaneous sources.

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Last updated: May 3, 2023, with most recent data available.