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U.S. energy facts explained  

U.S. total energy statistics

Preliminary data for 2020.1 Note: sum of share of totals may not equal 100% because of independent rounding.

Total primary energy production 95.74 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)
By fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 36%
Petroleum (crude oil and natural gas plant liquids) 32%
Renewable energy 12%
Coal 11%
Nuclear electric power 9%
Total energy consumption 92.94 quadrillion Btu
By fuel/energy source share of total
Petroleum 35%
Natural gas 34%
Renewable energy 12%
Coal 10%
Nuclear electric power 9%
By sector and share of total U.S. primary energy consumption share of total
Electric power 38%
Transportation 26%
Industrial 24%
Residential 7%
Commercial 5%
Energy trade
Imports 20.01 quadrillion Btu
Exports 23.47 quadrillion Btu
Net imports -3.46 quadrillion Btu
Net exports 3.46 quadrillion Btu
Electricity generation 4.01 trillion kilowatthours
By major fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 40%
Renewables2 20%
Nuclear 20%
Coal 19%
Petroleum 0.4%
Other gases and sources3 0.6%
Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 4,571 million metric tons CO2
By energy source share of total
Petroleum 45%
Natural gas 36%
Coal 19%
Energy consumption indicators
Primary energy consumption per capita 282 million Btu per person
Primary energy consumption per real dollar of GDP 5.05 thousand Btu per chained (2012) dollar
Energy-related CO2 emissions per capita 13.9 metric tons (30,644 pounds) per person
Energy-related CO2 emissions per real dollar of GDP 248 metric tons (273 short tons) per million chained (2012) dollars

1 Source: Monthly Energy Review, May 2021, preliminary data for 2020.
2 Excludes pumped storage hydro electricity generation.
3 Includes blast furnace gas and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, municipal solid waste from nonrenewable/non-biogenic sources, tire-derived fuels, and other miscellaneous sources.

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Last updated: June 2, 2021