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U.S. energy facts explained  

U.S. total energy statistics

Preliminary data for 2019.1 Note: sum of share of totals may not equal 100% because of independent rounding.

Total primary energy production 101.04 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)
By fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 35%
Petroleum (crude oil and natural gas plant liquids) 31%
Coal 14%
Renewable 12%
Nuclear 8%
Total energy consumption 100.17 quadrillion Btu
By fuel/energy source share of total
Petroleum 37%
Natural gas 32%
Renewables 11%
Coal 11%
Nuclear 8%
By sector and share of total U.S. primary energy consumption share of total
Electric power 37%
Transportation 28%
Industrial 23%
Residential 7%
Commercial 5%
Energy trade
Imports 22.80 quadrillion Btu
Exports 23.52 quadrillion Btu
Net imports -0.71 quadrillion Btu
Net exports 0.71 quadrillion Btu
Electricity generation 4.12 trillion kilowatthours
By major fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 38%
Coal 23%
Nuclear 20%
Renewables2 17%
Petroleum 0.5%
Other gases 0.3%
Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 5,130 million metric tons CO2
By energy source share of total
Petroleum 46%
Natural gas 33%
Coal 21%
Energy consumption/Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratio thousand Btu per 2012 dollar
2019 5.25 thousand Btu per 2012 dollar
1950 15.11 thousand Btu per 2012 dollar

More statistics for each energy source

Last updated: May 7, 2020