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U.S. energy facts explained  

U.S. total energy statistics

Data for 2023, except were noted.1 Note: sum of share of totals below may not equal 100% because of independent rounding.

Total primary energy production 102.83 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)
By fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 38%
Petroleum (crude oil and natural gas plant liquids) 34%
Coal 11%
Renewable energy 8%
Nuclear electric power 8%
Total primary energy consumption 93.59 quadrillion Btu
By fuel/energy source share of total
Petroleum 38%
Natural gas 36%
Renewable energy 9%
Coal 9%
Nuclear electric power 9%
By sector and share of total U.S. primary energy consumption share of total
Electric power 34%
Transportation 30%
Industrial 24%
Residential 7%
Commercial 5%
Energy trade
Imports 21.70 quadrillion Btu
Exports 29.50 quadrillion Btu
Net imports -7.80 quadrillion Btu
Net exports 7.80 quadrillion Btu
Electricity generation 4.18 trillion kilowatthours
By major fuel/energy source share of total
Natural gas 43%
Renewables2 21%
Nuclear 19%
Coal 16%
Petroleum 0.4%
Other gases and sources3 0.3%
Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 4,794 million metric tons CO2
By energy source share of total
Petroleum 47%
Natural gas 37%
Coal 16%
Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions indicators
Primary energy consumption per capita 279 million Btu per person
Primary energy consumption per real dollar of GDP 4.18 thousand Btu per chained (2017) dollar
Energy-related CO2 emissions per capita 14.3 metric tons (31,526 pounds) per person
Energy-related CO2 emissions per real dollar of GDP 214 metric tons (236 short tons) per million chained (2017) dollars

1 Source: Monthly Energy Review, April 25, 2024; preliminary data for 2023.
2 Excludes pumped-storage hydro electricity generation.
3 Includes blast furnace gas and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels, batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, municipal solid waste from nonrenewable/non-biogenic sources, tire-derived fuels, and other miscellaneous sources.

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Last updated: May 7, 2024, with data available at the time of update.