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Frequently Asked Questions

How much energy does a person use in a year?

In 2018, total U.S. primary energy consumption per person (or per capita consumption) was about 309 million British thermal units (Btu).

In 2017, U.S. per capita energy consumption was about 301 million Btu. At the state level in 2017, Louisiana had the highest per capita total primary energy consumption in 2016 at about 960 million Btu per person, mainly because it had the highest per capita industrial sector energy consumption of any state. Rhode Island had the lowest per capita total primary energy consumption at about 174 million Btu per person. In the residential sector, North Dakota had the highest per capita residential energy consumption in 2017 at about 92 million Btu, and Hawaii had the lowest per capita residential energy consumption at 24 million Btu per person.

The world average per capita consumption of primary energy in 2016 was about 78 million Btu.

Learn more:
Historical U.S. per capita energy consumption estimates (Table 1.7)
Energy Consumption Estimates per Capita by End-Use Sector, Ranked by State
International per capita energy consumption for the world and regions
International primary energy consumption for the world and regions
International population statistics for the world and regions
Historical data on U.S. energy consumption by energy source (Table 1.3)
Historical data on U.S. energy consumption by sector
Energy units and calculators

Last updated: July 9, 2019


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