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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much coal does the United States export and to where?

In 2020, the United States exported about 69 million short tons of coal to 62 countries.1 About 61% of total coal exports in 2020 were metallurgical coal and 39% were steam coal.

U.S. coal exports—total and by top five destination countries in 2020
Million short tons Percentage of total coal exports
Total, all countries69.07
Top five countries
India12.8518.6%
Brazil7.8911.4%
South Korea6.53 9.5%
Japan6.10 8.8%
The Netherlands5.80 8.4%
Total for top five countries39.1656.7%
Note: The ports in The Netherlands are major sources for the transshipment of coal to other European nations. Therefore, a large portion of this volume may ultimately be consumed by other countries in Europe.

1 Preliminary data.

Learn more:
Quarterly Coal Report Table 7. U.S. Coal Exports
U.S. coal export data, annual and quarterly, by types of coal and destination countries
Energy Explained: Coal Imports and Exports

Last updated: April 2, 2021


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