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Frequently Asked Questions

Where does the United States export the most coal?

In 2018, the United States exported 115.63 million short tons of coal to at least 53 countries.1 About 53% of total coal exports in 2018 were metallurgical coal, and 47% were steam coal. The top five destinations of U.S. coal exports, the exported amount (in million short tons), and their shares of total U.S. coal exports in 2018 were

  • India—17.19—15%
  • The Netherlands—12.36—11%
  • Japan—10.39—9%
  • South Korea—9.32—8%
  • Brazil—8.60—7%
  • Total for the top five—57.86—50%

Note: The ports in The Netherlands are major sources for the transshipment of coal to other European nations. Therefore, a large portion of this volume may ultimately be consumed by other countries in Europe.

1 Preliminary data.

Learn more:
U.S. coal export data, annual and quarterly, by types of coal and destination countries
Quarterly Coal Report Table 7. U.S. Coal Exports
Energy Explained: Coal Imports and Exports

Last updated: April 12, 2019

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