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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much coal does the United States export and to where?

In 2019, the United States exported about 93 million short tons of coal to at least 50 countries.1 About 59% of total coal exports in 2019 were metallurgical coal and 41% were steam coal.

U.S. coal exports—total and by top five destination countries in 2019
Million short tons Percentage of total coal exports
Total, all countries92.85
Top five countries
The Netherlands10.06 11%
Brazil7.51 8%
South Korea7.36 8%
Total for top five countries48.7653%
Note: The ports in The Netherlands are major sources for the transshipment of coal to other European nations. Therefore, a large portion of this volume may ultimately be consumed by other countries in Europe.

1 Preliminary data.

Learn more:
Quarterly Coal Report Table 7. U.S. Coal Exports
U.S. coal export data, annual and quarterly, by types of coal and destination countries
Energy Explained: Coal Imports and Exports

Last updated: April 1, 2020

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