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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much coal does the United States export and to where?

In 2022, the United States exported about 85 million short tons of coal to at least 71 countries.1 About 55% of total coal exports in 2022 were metallurgical coal and 45% were steam coal.

U.S. coal exports—total and by top five destination countries in 2022
Million short tons Percentage of total coal exports
Total, all countries84.77
Top five destination countries
The Netherlands11.8414.0%
South Korea5.236.2%
Total for top five countries47.2755.8%
Note: The ports in The Netherlands are major sources for the transshipment of coal to other European nations. Therefore, a large portion of this volume may ultimately be consumed by other countries in Europe.

1 Includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands. Preliminary data.

Learn more:
Quarterly Coal Report Table 7. U.S. Coal Exports
U.S. coal export data, annual and quarterly, by types of coal and destination countries
Energy Explained: Coal Imports and Exports

Last updated: April 12, 2023, with data from the Quarterly Coal Report, April 2023.

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