U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Petroleum & Other Liquids

‹ See All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports

Prime Supplier Report

With Data for September 2019   |  Release Date:  December 30, 2019   |  Next Release Date: January 23, 2020

Previous Issues


(also available in thousand gallons per day)
Prime supplier sales volumes of gasoline by U.S. and PADD regions
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
Area September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
U.S. 10,977,030 11,594,199 114,264,892 111,943,142 2.2 -1.1 -2.0
PADD 1 3,606,355 3,844,640 37,550,174 36,827,715 3.2 -1.2 -1.9
PADD 2 2,990,087 3,194,819 30,921,950 30,535,069 3.4 -0.5 -1.3
PADD 3 1,988,897 2,074,073 21,217,069 20,273,804 0.9 -2.7 -4.4
PADD 4 476,473 480,955 4,720,433 4,730,276 -2.3 1.9 0.2
PADD 5 1,915,218 1,999,712 19,855,266 19,576,278 1.0 -1.1 -1.4


Prime supplier sales volumes of gasoline by state
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
State September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
Alaska 21,461 20,336 212,615 218,596 -8.3 -1.6 2.8
Alabama 212,505 223,834 2,102,431 2,150,706 1.9 1.6 2.3
Arkansas 116,306 123,082 1,188,847 1,171,233 2.4 -0.2 -1.5
Arizona 240,898 257,460 2,510,002 2,486,450 3.4 3.9 -0.9
California 1,163,332 1,200,970 12,047,465 11,787,411 -0.1 -2.0 -2.2
Colorado 197,068 197,216 2,008,416 1,976,699 -3.2 1.1 -1.6
Connecticut 109,610 114,284 1,290,616 1,127,321 0.9 -11.5 -12.7
D.C. 6,880 6,268 62,288 60,056 -11.8 0.2 -3.6
Delaware 39,538 34,067 402,717 388,685 -16.6 -19.7 -3.5
Florida 536,766 598,249 6,118,562 6,039,389 7.9 -6.1 -1.3
Georgia 390,140 411,404 4,148,696 4,083,264 2.0 -4.5 -1.6
Hawaii 38,366 39,336 387,345 388,971 -0.8 -0.5 0.4
Iowa 109,753 124,885 946,567 988,273 10.1 25.9 4.4
Idaho 65,478 66,827 632,911 643,963 -1.2 4.3 1.7
Illinois 362,255 392,805 3,916,554 3,795,451 4.9 -3.6 -3.1
Indiana 237,857 261,619 2,561,106 2,489,871 6.4 -0.7 -2.8
Kansas 130,576 137,159 1,355,984 1,332,382 1.7 1.1 -1.7
Kentucky 165,669 172,864 1,689,198 1,691,069 1.0 -2.4 0.1
Louisiana 210,458 220,364 2,367,598 2,164,995 1.3 -9.9 -8.6
Massachusetts 190,788 202,429 1,988,394 1,926,292 2.7 -0.7 -3.1
Maryland 171,789 185,075 1,629,967 1,602,645 4.3 6.7 -1.7
Maine 60,227 61,176 611,866 593,568 -1.7 -4.9 -3.0
Michigan 374,554 404,580 3,895,799 3,849,301 4.5 -1.3 -1.2
Minnesota 187,999 205,076 1,902,533 1,920,726 5.6 2.3 1.0
Missouri 237,618 253,374 2,416,934 2,394,515 3.2 0.8 -0.9
Mississippi 124,927 133,476 1,434,583 1,315,591 3.4 -2.3 -8.3
Montana 63,356 60,736 633,124 615,333 -7.2 -3.6 -2.8
North Carolina 365,806 393,007 3,722,774 3,688,411 4.0 3.3 -0.9
North Dakota 31,723 32,897 332,695 324,557 0.4 -6.0 -2.4
Nebraska 70,587 75,965 689,877 706,442 4.1 5.9 2.4
New Hampshire 45,899 48,616 463,344 460,357 2.5 -2.7 -0.6
New Jersey 314,742 317,494 3,090,265 3,122,610 -2.4 0.1 1.0
New Mexico 83,194 87,580 872,950 845,421 1.9 -2.7 -3.2
Nevada 95,744 100,030 999,725 988,051 1.1 0.2 -1.2
New York 459,248 478,522 4,636,040 4,508,503 0.8 -0.2 -2.8
Ohio 399,209 420,969 4,046,637 4,082,847 2.0 -0.9 0.9
Oklahoma 160,962 171,247 1,731,380 1,654,849 3.0 -1.8 -4.4
Oregon 123,701 134,985 1,301,847 1,296,970 5.6 -2.5 -0.4
Pennsylvania 310,189 340,878 2,915,431 2,948,668 6.3 10.4 1.1
Rhode Island 53,293 58,941 575,818 538,681 7.0 5.0 -6.4
South Carolina 211,467 228,952 2,211,786 2,213,621 4.8 0.8 0.1
South Dakota 40,133 40,783 382,729 381,018 -1.7 5.1 -0.4
Tennessee 285,888 294,154 2,942,341 2,883,609 -0.4 -2.0 -2.0
Texas 1,241,507 1,285,737 13,250,660 12,625,858 0.2 -2.3 -4.7
Utah 117,794 124,471 1,122,908 1,167,915 2.3 5.7 4.0
Virginia 265,308 283,570 2,793,895 2,718,218 3.4 -2.8 -2.7
Vermont 21,492 23,149 258,936 219,583 4.2 -16.6 -15.2
Washington 231,716 246,595 2,396,267 2,409,829 3.0 -1.6 0.6
Wisconsin 195,304 206,442 2,111,616 2,040,159 2.3 -6.1 -3.4
West Virginia 53,173 58,559 628,779 587,843 6.6 -13.4 -6.5
Wyoming 32,777 31,705 323,074 326,366 -6.4 -1.9 1.0
(also available in thousand gallons per day)
Prime supplier sales volumes of No. 2 distillate by U.S. and PADD regions
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
Area September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
U.S. 5,034,856 5,718,324 53,567,040 51,841,831 9.9 -1.4 -3.2
PADD 1 1,287,764 1,530,360 14,741,204 14,501,688 15.0 -0.9 -1.6
PADD 2 1,574,685 1,865,192 15,928,792 15,657,409 14.6 1.1 -1.7
PADD 3 1,183,224 1,251,978 13,316,589 12,181,014 2.4 -6.7 -8.5
PADD 4 285,843 319,484 2,799,987 2,849,436 8.2 8.1 1.8
PADD 5 703,340 751,310 6,780,468 6,652,284 3.4 -2.3 -1.9


Prime supplier sales volumes of No. 2 distillate by state
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
State September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
Alaska W W W W W W NA
Alabama W W W W W W NA
Arkansas 66,459 W W W 0.0 W NA
Arizona 86,137 106,239 W W 19.4 26.8 NA
California 353,721 358,161 3,474,698 3,213,532 -2.0 -12.8 -7.5
Colorado 73,688 79,442 734,116 728,109 4.3 -0.1 -0.8
Connecticut 32,157 39,238 W 435,464 18.1 -8.6 NA
D.C. 1,130 1,308 W W 12.0 0.0 NA
Delaware 11,726 W W W 0.0 W NA
Florida W 203,726 W W 0.0 0.0 NA
Georgia 143,483 161,979 1,475,275 1,479,270 9.2 5.3 0.3
Hawaii W W W W W W NA
Iowa 83,637 117,233 843,062 831,595 35.6 6.2 -1.4
Idaho 43,332 50,500 W W 12.8 17.4 NA
Illinois 172,115 214,251 1,822,476 1,756,779 20.5 -1.1 -3.6
Indiana 130,799 173,246 1,337,464 1,354,266 28.2 13.9 1.3
Kansas 108,705 99,509 929,880 962,122 -11.4 9.1 3.5
Kentucky 75,213 84,714 829,546 800,469 9.0 -9.0 -3.5
Louisiana W W W W W W NA
Massachusetts 52,293 64,881 703,268 706,096 20.1 -10.6 0.4
Maryland 56,500 W W W 0.0 W NA
Maine 36,788 39,352 416,587 428,178 3.5 -3.4 2.8
Michigan 99,052 116,366 992,295 990,325 13.7 2.7 -0.2
Minnesota 84,288 116,385 820,174 826,857 33.6 2.3 0.8
Missouri 120,722 141,301 W 1,183,839 13.3 14.7 NA
Mississippi W W W W W W NA
Montana 51,995 55,180 547,917 W 2.7 -3.5 NA
North Carolina 113,540 130,681 W W 11.4 1.4 NA
North Dakota 62,828 66,125 W 600,286 1.9 -7.8 NA
Nebraska W 84,253 669,220 W 0.0 4.4 NA
New Hampshire 17,179 21,923 248,273 234,439 23.5 -18.0 -5.6
New Jersey 102,531 123,913 W 1,326,435 17.0 -10.5 NA
New Mexico W 73,997 W W 0.0 8.4 NA
Nevada 46,443 56,867 W W 18.5 8.2 NA
New York 138,171 160,361 1,584,691 1,544,910 12.3 2.0 -2.5
Ohio 169,114 223,031 1,788,620 1,816,906 27.6 11.2 1.6
Oklahoma 163,619 160,134 1,736,345 1,542,551 -5.3 -22.3 -11.2
Oregon W W W W W W NA
Pennsylvania 165,756 198,239 W 1,770,544 15.7 5.6 NA
Rhode Island 15,434 18,960 W W 18.9 -4.5 NA
South Carolina 78,411 96,638 W W 19.3 2.7 NA
South Dakota W 32,707 W W 0.0 -7.5 NA
Tennessee 119,215 130,879 1,135,492 1,190,850 6.2 1.6 4.9
Texas 744,808 786,714 8,504,254 7,840,072 2.2 -6.2 -7.8
Utah 60,793 73,876 W W 17.6 18.1 NA
Virginia 106,216 130,233 1,226,518 W 18.7 -2.3 NA
Vermont 9,924 13,378 W W 30.5 -0.5 NA
Washington 191,429 205,159 1,991,584 1,998,287 3.7 -1.8 0.3
Wisconsin 87,194 105,058 928,227 882,439 16.6 -2.6 -4.9
West Virginia W 46,459 W W 0.0 0.0 NA
Wyoming 56,035 60,486 477,779 534,275 4.5 13.2 11.8
(also available in thousand gallons per day)
Prime supplier sales volumes of kerosene-type jet fuel by U.S. and PADD regions
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
Area September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
U.S. 1,998,847 1,992,563 19,931,771 19,762,717 -3.5 -0.7 -0.8
PADD 1 450,102 440,237 4,569,364 4,595,343 -5.3 0.2 0.6
PADD 2 341,990 348,007 3,324,072 3,327,774 -1.5 -4.7 0.1
PADD 3 502,236 497,616 5,287,075 4,929,817 -4.1 -0.5 -6.8
PADD 4 67,208 61,297 680,536 631,999 -11.7 -2.2 -7.1
PADD 5 637,311 645,406 6,070,724 6,277,784 -2.0 1.1 3.4


Prime supplier sales volumes of kerosene-type jet fuel by state
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
State September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
Alaska 61,888 62,624 546,817 564,169 -2.1 6.3 3.2
Alabama 7,921 6,169 80,052 75,670 -24.6 2.6 -5.5
Arkansas 4,297 5,082 54,565 52,412 14.5 -15.4 -3.9
Arizona 13,430 16,148 133,480 145,355 16.4 9.2 8.9
California 390,177 405,362 3,816,208 3,974,139 0.5 -1.2 4.1
Colorado 34,799 30,055 354,092 317,209 -16.4 -1.4 -10.4
Connecticut 5,498 6,688 57,462 59,123 17.7 1.2 2.9
D.C. - W W W W W NA
Delaware 343 W W W 0.0 W NA
Florida 63,074 77,715 823,720 817,573 19.2 4.9 -0.7
Georgia 14,766 13,230 105,099 138,467 -13.3 25.1 31.7
Hawaii 56,594 50,379 481,154 515,409 -13.9 9.4 7.1
Iowa 2,625 3,039 31,026 31,287 12.0 -4.8 0.8
Idaho 3,369 3,019 37,749 34,409 -13.3 -13.6 -8.8
Illinois 94,308 96,420 907,252 906,005 -1.1 -0.8 -0.1
Indiana 34,657 33,454 359,966 329,826 -6.6 -20.8 -8.4
Kansas 4,101 4,615 54,392 43,693 8.9 14.5 -19.7
Kentucky 44,889 52,145 443,509 455,353 12.4 -0.7 2.7
Louisiana 75,132 71,954 999,835 812,811 -7.3 -22.3 -18.7
Massachusetts 35,278 34,439 314,300 323,140 -5.5 -16.9 2.8
Maryland 6,438 6,634 64,914 63,177 -0.3 -0.7 -2.7
Maine 3,084 3,842 32,299 33,018 20.6 -7.3 2.2
Michigan 16,243 17,660 200,104 183,358 5.2 3.8 -8.4
Minnesota 11,939 10,929 116,668 116,536 -11.4 -4.4 -0.1
Missouri 10,551 11,781 105,680 106,281 8.1 -1.4 0.6
Mississippi 52,448 52,086 533,207 534,643 -3.9 -3.2 0.3
Montana 4,117 3,438 40,104 43,637 -19.2 -3.0 8.8
North Carolina 10,146 11,643 99,955 111,232 11.1 -4.8 11.3
North Dakota 2,670 3,209 30,919 29,190 16.3 -6.3 -5.6
Nebraska 4,460 4,743 54,840 54,272 2.9 -16.5 -1.0
New Hampshire 1,633 2,944 16,476 18,240 74.5 54.8 10.7
New Jersey 88,239 83,809 923,232 839,515 -8.1 -17.1 -9.1
New Mexico 4,085 4,643 42,596 41,880 10.0 2.9 -1.7
Nevada 18,163 21,206 184,319 196,944 13.0 9.0 6.8
New York 106,919 104,369 1,080,643 1,059,791 -5.5 -7.1 -1.9
Ohio 34,608 34,696 305,830 304,674 -3.0 0.7 -0.4
Oklahoma 30,169 24,821 217,675 261,015 -20.4 -4.6 19.9
Oregon 18,090 18,007 172,932 174,971 -3.7 13.4 1.2
Pennsylvania 69,895 46,639 604,150 679,125 -35.4 127.1 12.4
Rhode Island 2,447 2,730 27,318 23,297 8.0 5.7 -14.7
South Carolina 7,860 9,569 75,049 83,952 17.8 17.0 11.9
South Dakota 1,654 1,813 15,082 16,245 6.1 4.6 7.7
Tennessee 43,266 42,662 421,236 427,012 -4.6 -10.0 1.4
Texas 358,353 357,682 3,576,820 3,412,401 -3.4 6.0 -4.6
Utah 22,460 22,459 229,079 214,346 -3.2 -5.3 -6.4
Virginia 32,800 33,831 325,996 326,347 -0.2 -2.4 0.1
Vermont 928 984 8,359 8,305 2.6 7.1 -0.6
Washington 78,969 71,680 735,814 706,797 -12.2 -1.9 -3.9
Wisconsin 5,850 6,020 59,893 63,027 -0.4 -10.2 5.2
West Virginia 754 791 6,857 7,325 1.5 0.9 6.8
Wyoming 2,463 2,326 19,512 22,398 -8.6 60.6 14.8
(also available in thousand gallons per day)
Prime supplier sales volumes of propane by U.S. and PADD regions
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
Area September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
U.S. 773,156 981,449 9,717,651 9,031,832 22.8 -7.6 -7.1
PADD 1 159,905 192,475 2,378,977 2,086,267 16.5 -2.8 -12.3
PADD 2 224,621 394,896 3,004,856 2,995,251 70.1 4.9 -0.3
PADD 3 296,909 283,108 3,313,170 2,880,419 -7.7 -26.0 -13.1
PADD 4 29,156 34,616 301,918 331,052 14.9 7.2 9.6
PADD 5 62,565 76,354 718,730 738,843 18.1 5.8 2.8


Prime supplier sales volumes of propane by state
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
State September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
Alaska W W W W W W NA
Alabama 4,904 7,378 82,371 69,675 45.6 -16.0 -15.4
Arkansas 3,866 6,856 51,243 51,337 71.6 15.2 0.2
Arizona 4,211 5,621 74,650 72,734 29.2 -17.0 -2.6
California 31,910 38,200 368,206 392,785 15.9 3.7 6.7
Colorado 8,363 10,144 86,757 97,057 17.4 -0.8 11.9
Connecticut 2,689 3,786 53,793 45,489 36.3 -2.1 -15.4
D.C. - - W - - - NA
Delaware 2,945 3,580 W 44,850 17.6 1.7 NA
Florida 15,888 14,731 191,172 170,972 -10.3 -13.0 -10.6
Georgia 10,885 13,422 155,435 125,825 19.3 -16.6 -19.0
Hawaii W W W W W W NA
Iowa 17,949 73,172 321,822 332,370 294.5 11.0 3.3
Idaho 3,264 4,113 32,657 33,676 21.9 15.0 3.1
Illinois 26,638 52,131 319,114 342,394 89.4 62.6 7.3
Indiana 12,963 19,773 166,507 162,006 47.6 26.1 -2.7
Kansas 15,249 24,356 210,995 200,029 54.6 17.7 -5.2
Kentucky 8,380 9,453 112,898 100,168 9.2 -15.5 -11.3
Louisiana 40,478 27,889 280,793 308,329 -33.3 -22.8 9.8
Massachusetts 5,540 6,121 99,515 77,636 6.9 3.0 -22.0
Maryland 7,364 8,605 92,821 85,356 13.1 19.2 -8.0
Maine 7,739 9,602 122,569 112,485 20.1 5.1 -8.2
Michigan 26,550 27,606 299,404 292,186 0.6 10.3 -2.4
Minnesota 19,009 44,871 293,209 288,828 128.4 -20.9 -1.5
Missouri 18,687 29,695 239,106 243,862 53.8 14.8 2.0
Mississippi 5,023 8,297 88,715 79,977 59.9 -5.2 -9.8
Montana 6,579 7,421 70,474 71,735 9.2 9.1 1.8
North Carolina 22,615 23,017 259,543 223,684 -1.5 2.7 -13.8
North Dakota 15,696 20,012 170,173 181,027 23.4 -19.5 6.4
Nebraska 7,702 15,353 90,824 95,965 92.9 17.8 5.7
New Hampshire 6,602 9,682 119,821 111,826 41.9 5.4 -6.7
New Jersey 3,890 4,405 62,364 50,287 9.6 2.0 -19.4
New Mexico 4,692 5,787 59,415 61,241 19.4 -16.5 3.1
Nevada 3,004 3,148 33,269 30,779 1.4 1.4 -7.5
New York 19,094 24,610 310,224 294,743 24.7 -3.5 -5.0
Ohio 20,377 26,636 245,328 243,381 26.5 -0.5 -0.8
Oklahoma 7,088 10,137 76,971 92,265 38.4 3.6 19.9
Oregon 4,756 7,073 48,863 50,394 43.9 29.4 3.1
Pennsylvania 26,148 36,310 402,671 344,448 34.4 12.3 -14.5
Rhode Island 598 647 12,915 9,427 4.7 9.1 -27.0
South Carolina 7,045 9,490 146,320 114,787 30.4 -30.4 -21.6
South Dakota 5,399 7,753 74,530 65,557 39.0 -25.9 -12.0
Tennessee 5,949 7,771 85,624 74,628 26.4 -9.9 -12.8
Texas 237,946 226,901 2,750,633 2,309,860 -7.7 -28.3 -16.0
Utah 2,577 3,984 41,301 35,155 49.6 12.8 -14.9
Virginia 11,690 13,378 164,332 152,112 10.7 -12.6 -7.4
Vermont 4,876 6,277 86,079 80,375 24.6 -6.4 -6.6
Washington 17,253 20,741 177,635 176,814 16.3 14.6 -0.5
Wisconsin 16,985 26,177 298,351 280,585 49.1 -11.9 -6.0
West Virginia 4,297 4,812 45,151 41,965 8.4 -8.3 -7.1
Wyoming 8,373 8,954 70,729 93,429 3.5 9.8 32.1
(also available in thousand gallons per day)
Prime supplier sales volumes of residual by U.S. and PADD regions
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
Area September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
U.S. 346,870 309,509 3,818,637 3,542,666 -13.6 -26.8 -7.2
PADD 1 W 85,710 1,319,389 W 0.0 -31.2 NA
PADD 2 W 4,008 W W 0.0 0.0 NA
PADD 3 108,596 84,518 1,096,986 1,120,763 -24.7 -37.1 2.2
PADD 4 - - W W - - NA
PADD 5 152,739 135,273 1,367,981 1,380,491 -14.3 -15.7 0.9


Prime supplier sales volumes of residual by state
thousand gallons
      YTD % change1
State September
2019
October
2019
2018 2019 month
ago
year
ago
YTD
Alaska - - - - - - -
Alabama W W W W W W NA
Arkansas - - - - - - -
Arizona - - - - - - -
California 59,749 61,035 636,351 572,202 -1.1 -16.6 -10.1
Colorado - - - - - - -
Connecticut W W W W W W NA
D.C. - - - - - - -
Delaware W W W W W W NA
Florida 7,991 6,238 274,923 207,207 -24.5 -74.8 -24.6
Georgia W 4,729 W W 0.0 -16.5 NA
Hawaii W W W W W W NA
Iowa - - - - - - -
Idaho - - - - - - -
Illinois - - W W - - NA
Indiana W W W W W W NA
Kansas - - - W - - NA
Kentucky - - W - - - NA
Louisiana 34,532 16,486 265,174 255,353 -53.8 -55.7 -3.7
Massachusetts W 837 W W 0.0 170.0 NA
Maryland - - W W - - NA
Maine 491 1,207 W 6,183 137.9 2.1 NA
Michigan W W W W W W NA
Minnesota W W W W W W NA
Missouri - - - - - - -
Mississippi W W W W W W NA
Montana - - - - - - -
North Carolina W W W W W W NA
North Dakota - - - - - - -
Nebraska - - W W - - NA
New Hampshire W W W W W W NA
New Jersey W 56,548 W W 0.0 -6.8 NA
New Mexico - - - - - - -
Nevada - - - - - - -
New York 15,202 12,064 W W -23.2 -47.7 NA
Ohio W W W W W W NA
Oklahoma W W - W W W NA
Oregon W W - W W W NA
Pennsylvania W W W W W W NA
Rhode Island - - W W - - NA
South Carolina W W W W W W NA
South Dakota W W W W W W NA
Tennessee - - W W - - NA
Texas 71,004 66,483 796,858 840,941 -9.4 -29.3 5.5
Utah - - - - - - -
Virginia - - W W - - NA
Vermont W W W W W W NA
Washington 47,222 40,478 W 467,834 -17.0 5.5 NA
Wisconsin W W W W W W NA
West Virginia - - W W - - NA
Wyoming - - W W - - NA


– = No data reported.
NA = Not available.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
1 Calculated on a per day basis.
Notes: In January 2007, oxygenated was combined with conventional gasoline and ultra low sulfur diesel was added. Values shown for the current month are preliminary. Values shown for the previous month may be revised.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption."



  Full report                 CSV    PDF

The Prime Supplier Report presents data collected on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the States where they are locally marketed and consumed.

diagram of Prime supplier report click to enlarge

The EIA-782C respondent frame comprises approximately 202 prime suppliers representing producers, importers, and interstate resellers and retailers. Each month, respondents report their aggregated sales volumes (combined wholesale and retail) made during the reference month to local distributors, local retailers, and end users in each state where the product was delivered. To avoid double-counting volumes, respondents are instructed to exclude sales to other prime suppliers and traders. See exclusionary list.