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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

U.S. residential sector electricity consumption by major end uses in 20211
End useBillion kilowatthoursShare of total
Space cooling23515%
Space heating20714%
Water heating17612%
Refrigeration87
6%
Clothes dryers644%
Lighting594%
Televisions and related equipment156
4%
Computers and related equipment2
362%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps24
2%
Freezers20
1%
Cooking
161%
Clothes washers3111%
Dishwashers38
1%
Other uses452034%
Total consumption1,519
1 Annual Energy Outlook, Reference case, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption.
2 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.
3 Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.
4 Does not include water heating.
5 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. Does not include electric vehicle charging.

Learn more:
Energy Explained: Energy use in homes
Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)


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