The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine precisely how much of the crude oil imported into (or produced in) the United States is consumed in the United States. Crude oil that is imported into the United States is usually refined into petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel, which are then consumed in the United States, exported, and/or added to inventories. Some imported crude oil may be added to (and mixed with domestic crude oil) in storage/inventories, some of which may later be re-exported (along with the domestically produced crude oil).
In 2021, U.S. crude oil production equaled about 11.25 million barrels per day (b/d), crude oil imports equaled 6.11 million b/d, and crude oil exports equaled 2.96 million b/d, with net crude oil imports equaling about 3.15 million b/d.
In 2021, U.S. total petroleum imports (including crude oil) equaled about 8.47 million b/d and total petroleum exports were about 8.54 million b/d. This was the second year (along with 2020) since at least 1949 that annual total petroleum exports were greater than total petroleum imports.
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Last updated: September 19, 2022, with final annual data for 2021.