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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much of the crude oil produced in the United States is consumed in the United States?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine precisely how much of the crude oil produced in the United States is then consumed in the United States. Most of the crude oil produced in the United States is refined in U.S. refineries along with imported crude oil to make petroleum products. For data on U.S. domestic (field) crude oil production, imports, exports, and refinery inputs of crude oil see U.S. Petroleum Supply and Disposition. EIA publishes data on the volumes of domestic and imported crude oil received at U.S. refineries in Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation.

EIA is not able to determine precisely how much of the crude oil exported from the United States is produced in the United States because some of the exported crude oil may originally have been imported from other countries, placed in storage, and then re-exported. The United States also produces and exports petroleum products, but EIA is unable to precisely track how much of these petroleum exports are made from domestically produced or imported crude oil. Also, some of U.S. crude oil exports are refined into petroleum products in other countries, which may be exported back to, and consumed in, the United States.

EIA’s preliminary data for 2021 indicates that U.S. total petroleum production averaged about 16.582 million barrels per day (b/d), which included:

Total U.S. petroleum consumption (reported as product supplied) averaged about 19.782 million b/d in 2021. The difference between petroleum consumption and production is mainly composed of net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum and changes in petroleum inventories.

Learn more:
How much oil is consumed in the United States?
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
U.S. Imports by Country of Origin
U.S. Company Level Imports
U.S. Exports by Destination
Monthly Energy Review, Table 3.1: Petroleum Overview
U.S. Petroleum Supply and Disposition
Energy Explained: Oil–Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

Last updated: March 8, 2022, with preliminary data


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