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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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How much of the crude oil produced in the United States is consumed in the United States?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) cannot determine exactly how much of the crude oil produced in the United States is then consumed in the United States. Most of the crude oil produced in the United States is refined in U.S. refineries along with imported crude oil to make petroleum products. For data on U.S. refinery inputs of crude oil by source, see field production and refinery and blender net inputs of crude oil in U.S. Petroleum Supply and Disposition. EIA publishes data on the volumes of domestic and imported crude oil input at U.S. refineries in Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation.

EIA is not able to determine exactly how much of the crude oil exported from the United States is produced in the United States because some of the exported crude oil may originally have been imported from other countries, placed in storage, and then exported. The United States also produces and exports petroleum products, but EIA is unable to exactly track how much of these petroleum exports are made from domestically produced or imported crude oil. Also, some of U.S. crude oil exports are refined into petroleum products in other countries, which may be exported back to, and consumed in, the United States.

EIA’s data for 2020 indicates that total U.S. petroleum production averaged about 18.375 million barrels per day (b/d), which included:

Total U.S. petroleum consumption (as product supplied) averaged about 18.186 million b/d in 2020. The difference between petroleum consumption and production is mainly composed of net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum and changes in petroleum inventories.

Learn more:
How much oil is consumed in the United States?
Monthly Energy Review, Table 3.1: Petroleum Overview
U.S. petroleum supply and disposition
Energy Explained: Oil–Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

Last updated: September 17, 2021, with data for 2020 from the Petroleum Supply Annual, August 2021


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