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Gasoline explained Use of gasoline

Gasoline is the main U.S. transportation fuel

In 2019, Americans used about 142 billion gallons of motor gasoline—or about 390 million gallons per day—and about 197 million gallons of aviation gasoline. Gasoline is one of the major fuels consumed in the United States and is the main product that U.S. oil refineries produce. Most of the motor gasoline sold for use in vehicles in the United States is about 10% fuel ethanol by volume.


Most gasoline is used in cars and light trucks

Source: Stock photography (copyrighted)

U.S. consumers use gasoline in

  • Cars, sport utility vehicles, light trucks, and motorcycles
  • Recreational vehicles and boats
  • Small aircraft
  • Equipment and tools used in construction, farming, forestry, and landscaping
  • Electricity generators for portable and emergency power supply

In 2019, total gasoline consumption accounted for about 58% of total transportation sector energy consumption, 45% of total petroleum consumption, and 17% of total U.S. energy consumption.1

Light-duty vehicles (cars, sport utility vehicles, and small trucks) account for about 92% of all gasoline consumption in the United States.2

Texas and California have the largest gasoline consumption

The amount of total gasoline use various among the states, but Texas and California together account for about one-fifth of total U.S. gasoline consumption.

Top five gasoline-consuming states, 2019
State Million barrels/day Million gallons/day Share of total U.S. motor gasoline consumption
Texas 0.99 41.50 11%
California 0.92 38.53 10%
Florida 0.47 19.73 5%
New York 0.35 14.87 4%
Ohio 0.32 13.53 4%

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum and Other Liquids—Prime Supplier Sales Volumes, as of July 22, 2020

1 Total gasoline includes aviation gasoline and motor gasoline including fuel ethanol.

2 Estimates from the Annual Energy Outlook 2020, Reference case, Table 36, January 2020.

Last updated: July 24, 2020