U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation

Coal explained  

Coal statistics

Data for the United States and for 2019, except where noted.

Production 706,309 thousand short tons
Imports 6,697 thousand short tons
Exports 92,852 thousand short tons
Consumption 587,344 thousand short tons
Coal consumption by end-use sector  
Electric power sector 539,415 thousand short tons
Other industrial 29,129 thousand short tons
Coke plants 17,924 thousand short tons
Commercial 876 thousand short tons
Consumption for electricity generation by all sectors 538,465 thousand short tons (92% of total U.S. coal consumption)
Coal share of utility-scale electricity generating capacity (2018) 22%
Coal share of utility-scale electricity generation 23%
Top five coal-consuming states by electric power sector  
Texas 63,814 thousand short tons
Indiana 36,719 thousand short tons
Missouri 33,595 thousand short tons
Illinois 32,721 thousand short tons
North Dakota 27,192 thousand short tons
Year-end coal stocks 158,772 thousand short tons
Average sales price $36.07 per short ton
Average delivered price
Electric power $38.53 per short ton
Coke plants $145.85 per short ton
Other industrial plants $61.37 per short ton
Largest producing state Wyoming—276,912 thousand short tons
Share of U.S. total produced in Western region 55%
Share of U.S. total produced from surface mining 62%
Demonstrated reserve base 473 billion short tons (as of January 1, 2020)
Largest producing coal mine North Antelope Rochelle Mine/Peabody Powder River Mining LLC
85,341 thousand short tons, 12% of total U.S. production
Leading producing company Peabody Energy Corporation
138,731 thousand short tons, 20% of total U.S. production
Average number of coal mining industry employees during the year 52,804
Productivity  
2019 5.94 tons/miner-hour
1978 1.8 tons/miner-hour
World coal production (2017) 8,449,264 thousand short tons
World coal consumption (2017) 8,525,782 thousand short tons

Last updated: October 8, 2020