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Brunei's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Exports of Dry Natural Gas
billion cubic feet
Dry Natural Gas Production
billion cubic feet
Exports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
thousand barrels per day
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Map of Brunei
Map of Brunei

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: March 2017

  • Brunei's small, wealthy economy is based heavily upon proceeds from exports of crude oil and natural gas. Brunei relies on hydrocarbon revenues for about 60% of its gross domestic product and about 90% of its merchandise exports and government revenues. Lower international oil prices since late 2014 have dampened the country’s export revenues. However, the government intends to bolster investment in its oil and gas sector and diversify the country’s economic base by promoting growth in other industries over the long term.
  • Brunei’s government latest energy policy from 2014 includes attracting US$50-$57 billion in foreign investment over the next 20 years in hopes of boosting the country’s oil and gas reserves and production levels and diversifying the country’s energy supply.
  • Brunei’s proved oil reserve estimate was 1.1 billion barrels as of the end of 2016, the fourth highest in Southeast Asia, according to the Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ). Through its long-standing joint venture with Royal Dutch Shell, Brunei has produced oil and natural gas for several decades, primarily from two large, mature fields - Southwest Ampa and Champion - in the offshore Baram Delta. After reaching a peak of 221,000 barrels per day (b/d) in 2006, Brunei’s petroleum and other liquids production has declined by nearly half to an estimated 115,000 b/d in 2016. Many of Brunei’s currently-producing oil and natural gas fields are aging, and much of the shallow waters around the country have been explored. Also, refurbishment work at several oil facilities over the past few years contributed to recent oil production declines. Currently, enhanced oil recovery projects, such as Champion Waterflood Project, are underway and could help offset some of Brunei’s natural production declines in the next several years.
  • Brunei has an interest in hydrocarbon development in the South China Sea (SCS), and it makes only one claim in the hotly contested Spratly Islands — the Louisa Reef, a small island located in the southeastern part of the Spratly Islands which is part of the country’s exclusive economic zone. The Louisa Reef also lies within China’s ‘nine-dash line’, a sizeable claim to the South China Sea which also encompasses all of the Spratly Islands. An offshore settlement with Malaysia in 2010 allows Brunei to explore untapped and formerly disputed deepwater areas in the Baram Delta (namely Commercial Areas 1 and 2) and issue more production sharing contracts to help prop up oil and natural gas production and offset declines from older existing fields. Petronas of Malaysia and Brunei National Petroleum Company (Petroleum Brunei) signed a 40-year agreement in 2010 to jointly explore these two blocks. In 2013, PetroleumBrunei and Petronas of Malaysia signed several cooperation agreements for joint development of oil and natural gas fields in both countries’ deepwater offshore areas. The national oil companies of both countries are actively exploring and anticipate hydrocarbon production in the joint commercial areas to begin by 2021.
  • Brunei exports most of its petroleum liquids output, primarily to key Asian oil consumers, given the country’s minimal domestic consumption. Brunei’s consumption of total liquids has averaged about 17,000 b/d over the past several years, some of which is met by a small domestic refinery. Chinese company Zhejiang Hengyi Group plans to construct a new refinery and petrochemical complex with a capacity of 148,000 b/d by 2019 in Brunei. However, the project has encountered several delays since 2011. If built, this new facility could shift the dynamics of the country’s oil exports in favor of consuming more crude oil and exporting more petroleum products.

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