Only a small amount of crude oil is directly consumed in the United States. Nearly all of the crude oil that is produced in or imported into the United States is refined into petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel, which are then consumed. Liquids produced from natural gas processing are also consumed as petroleum products. Renewable biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, are used as substitutes for or as additives to refined petroleum products. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) includes biofuels in consumption of petroleum products. EIA uses product supplied to represent U.S. petroleum consumption.
In 2021, the United States consumed an average of about 19.89 million barrels of petroleum per day, or a total of about 7.26 billion barrels of petroleum. This was an increase in consumption of about 1.6 million barrels per day over consumption in 2020. The increase was largely the result of the economy recovering from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
How much of the crude oil produced in the United States is consumed in the United States?
How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign countries?
Petroleum Product Supplied data
U.S. Petroleum Supply and Disposition data
Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum, Table 3.1: Petroleum Overview
Energy Explained: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products–Use of Oil
Last updated: September 19, 2022, with final annual data for 2021.