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U.S. energy facts explained State and U.S. territory data

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects and publishes data at different geographic levels (depending on the data series):

  • National
  • Census region or division
  • State or U.S. territory

Most of EIA's state and U.S. territory data are available on the State Energy Portal. The State Energy Portal is home to EIA's State Energy Profiles and EIA's State Energy Data System. The portal also features state rankings for 10 key energy statistics, has a search function to help users find EIA's state data easily, and allows users to compare state energy data along a variety of data points and energy indicators.

One of the most popular features on EIA's website is the State Energy Portal's multilayer mapping tool, which provides user-selected views of fossil fuel and renewable energy resources, oil refineries, pipelines, power plants, transmission lines, and other energy infrastructure in the United States. Each state page also contains a state map.

State Energy Profiles

State Energy Profiles summarize all of EIA's state-level and fuel-specific energy data for each state. Each profile, which can be printed as an integrated report, is updated monthly and includes several features:

  • Data tables with about 90 key state-level data items
  • Quick facts that present noteworthy state energy facts
  • Narratives that explain how fossil fuels, nuclear energy, renewable energy, energy infrastructure, and energy-related activities interact in each state's energy markets
  • Downloadable charts that provide an overview of state energy production, consumption, as well as context to state energy prices
  • Related links that give users quick access to additional state energy resources
  • Notes and sources that offer reference material on state energy data and facts

State Energy Profiles also include data and information for five U.S. territories:

State Energy Data System

The State Energy Data System provides annual time-series estimates of state-level energy consumption, prices, expenditures, and production. The full set of tables and data files are updated annually.

The estimates provide multi-dimensional information:

  • Concepts: Consumption in physical units and British thermal units (Btu), prices in dollars per million Btu, expenditures in million current dollars, and production in physical units and Btu
  • Energy sources: Coal; natural gas; 10 major petroleum products, other petroleum products, and total petroleum; nuclear fuel; renewable energy, including hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, solar energy, wind energy, and wood and waste; and total energy
  • Consumption sectors: Residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power, and total consumption across sectors
  • Geography: 50 individual states, the District of Columbia, and the entire United States
  • Time periods: Consumption (beginning in 1960), prices (beginning in 1970), expenditures (beginning in 1970), and production (beginning in 1960)

Last updated: August 22, 2018