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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table PBA5. Natural consumption totals and intensities by building activity subcategories

Released: December 2016

Natural gas consumption
All buildings using natural gas per
building
(thousandcubic
feet)
per
square foot
(cubic
feet)
Distribution of
building-level intensities
(cubic feet/square foot)
  Number of buildings (thousand) Total
floorspace
(million
square feet)
Floorspace
per building
(thousand
square feet)
Total (billion cubic
feet)
25th
per-
centile
Median 75th
per-
centile
All buildings 2,933 58,725 20.0 2,193 748 37.3 12.1 26.6 55.3
Principal building activity
(expanded)
                 
Education  234 9,520 40.7 284 1,215 29.8 10.7 23.8 49.1
College or university  16 1,272 77.5 57 3,475 44.8 2.4 22.2 55.5
K-12  143 7,415 51.7 198 1,383 26.7 10.6 22.3 44.1
Elementary or middle school  116 4,852 42.0 119 1,031 24.5 9.9 20.9 40.1
High school  28 2,563 92.2 79 2,849 30.9 13.3 31.2 47.4
Preschool or daycare  31 255 8.2 7 224 27.4 21.9 32.3 60.4
Other classroom education  43 578 13.5 22 509 37.6 11.7 33.9 49.7
Food sales  82 846 10.3 52 634 61.3 18.3 46.4 75.9
Convenience store1 48 154 3.2 10 215 66.4 18.3 46.4 118.3
Grocery store or food market  33 674 20.4 40 1,225 60.0 21.9 51.1 75.3
Other food sales  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food service  283 1,394 4.9 222 783 159.2 51.3 132.5 255.3
Fast food  74 254 3.4 44 596 173.8 79.3 170.4 312.3
Restaurant or cafeteria  146 869 6.0 155 1,062 178.0 88.0 171.1 255.6
Bar, pub, or lounge 47 225 4.8 21 440 92.0 36.2 67.0 119.4
Other food service  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health care  95 3,292 34.6 258 2,714 78.5 12.1 21.6 47.1
Inpatient  8 2,113 263.2 214 26,609 101.1 21.2 85.0 129.0
Outpatient  87 1,179 13.5 45 514 38.0 11.2 21.0 42.9
Office (diagnostic)  37 268 7.2 6 161 22.5 9.1 17.7 34.1
Clinic or other outpatient  50 911 18.3 39 781 42.6 12.1 22.6 50.6
Lodging  99 4,918 49.5 215 2,169 43.8 19.5 36.0 65.5
Hotel  24 2,504 103.4 106 4,394 42.5 19.7 30.5 48.3
Motel or inn  27 396 14.5 13 485 33.4 16.7 38.9 63.4
Dormitory, fraternity, or sorority  14 552 40.0 16 1,169 29.3 8.5 28.4 47.7
Nursing home or assisted living 23 1,061 47.0 67 2,951 62.8 39.5 61.1 81.8
Other lodging  11 405 35.4 13 1,128 31.9 18.2 36.0 73.4
Mercantile  356 8,493 23.9 284 799 33.5 12.0 25.4 50.1
Retail (other than mall) 232 3,371 14.5 72 312 21.5 10.8 20.8 39.2
Retail store  175 2,806 16.1 56 320 19.9 9.9 20.4 39.0
Vehicle dealership  26 355 13.6 12 456 33.5 11.9 22.7 40.3
Other retail  31 209 6.7 5 149 22.3 13.3 28.2 43.6
Enclosed and strip malls 124 5,123 41.5 212 1,714 41.3 16.4 42.7 93.4
Strip shopping center  122 4,389 35.9 206 1,687 47.0 16.4 42.8 93.4
Enclosed mall  1 734 658.6 5 4,735 7.2 3.1 7.7 17.0
Office  595 10,290 17.3 275 463 26.8 10.4 22.8 40.0
Administrative or professional 324 5,705 17.6 174 536 30.4 9.8 22.4 40.2
Bank or other financial  60 684 11.4 16 267 23.5 17.4 28.8 47.1
Government  61 1,630 26.8 43 709 26.5 13.9 25.3 39.6
Medical (non-diagnostic)  30 174 5.7 4 134 23.3 7.0 17.3 26.6
Mixed-use  77 1,793 23.2 30 383 16.5 5.7 17.3 26.8
Other office  42 305 7.2 9 214 29.6 15.8 31.5 54.0
Public assembly  205 3,888 19.0 132 643 33.9 13.6 28.4 46.7
Library  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Entertainment or culture 31 887 28.8 27 885 30.7 7.0 27.2 41.2
Recreation  66 1,487 22.6 52 789 34.9 7.8 18.5 42.1
Social or meeting  72 669 9.3 23 325 34.9 15.4 31.6 56.0
Other assembly  26 545 20.6 21 782 37.9 22.2 37.0 55.1
Public order and safety  53 1,007 19.0 40 751 39.5 16.6 25.9 47.7
Fire or police station  40 411 10.3 17 423 40.9 20.9 31.7 53.9
Courthouse or probation office Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other public order  8 404 51.1 17 2,133 41.7 2.2 13.9 25.9
Religious worship  229 3,016 13.2 85 371 28.1 10.6 21.7 44.7
Service  339 2,790 8.2 119 351 42.7 13.6 29.9 63.5
Post office or postal center  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Repair shop  47 312 6.6 9 193 29.1 10.8 25.6 68.5
Vehicle service or repair  121 1,118 9.2 47 390 42.3 14.6 36.4 69.0
Vehicle storage or maintenance 77 652 8.5 27 356 42.0 13.1 29.6 63.5
Other service  70 457 6.5 30 424 65.1 13.3 31.5 56.5
Warehouse and storage  261 7,007 26.8 136 520 19.4 5.6 14.6 29.9
Nonrefrigerated 259 6,746 26.0 121 468 18.0 5.6 14.6 29.9
Warehouse 155 2,495 16.1 55 354 22.0 5.6 13.8 29.7
Distribution or shipping center 91 3,958 43.5 62 684 15.7 5.2 14.8 34.5
Self storage units  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigerated  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other  59 1,378 23.3 79 1,334 57.2 13.8 28.8 72.5
Laboratory  11 407 35.8 46 4,089 114.1 25.0 72.5 99.0
Other  48 971 20.4 32 679 33.3 10.8 23.5 54.5
Vacant  44 886 20.2 12 281 13.9 5.8 16.5 29.5
     1Includes Convenience storesand Convenience stores with gas stations.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
Notes:  • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.  • See the Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A and G of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.