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‹ Consumption & Efficiency

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

‹ BACK TO ALL 2012 CBECS TABLES

Table B22. Energy sources, number of buildings, 2012

Released: May 2016

Number of buildings (thousand)
Buildings using any
energy source
Energy sources used (more than one may apply)
  All
buildings
Elec-
tricity
Natural
gas
Fuel
oil
District
heat
District
chilled
water
Propane Other1
All buildings 5,557 5,239 5,234 2,933 467 48 54 510 172
Building floorspace (square feet)                  
1,001 to 5,000 2,777 2,559 2,556 1,253 204 Q Q 252 69
5,001 to 10,000 1,229 1,172 1,171 660 74 Q Q 134 41
10,001 to 25,000 884 852 852 548 67 Q 9 74 31
25,001 to 50,000 332 326 326 227 39 6 Q 24 16
50,001 to 100,000 199 195 195 142 39 10 10 14 8
100,001 to 200,000 90 90 90 67 19 9 9 8 4
200,001 to 500,000 38 37 37 29 18 5 4 3 3
Over 500,000 8 8 8 6 6 2 1 1 1
Principal building activity                  
Education 389 389 389 234 30 12 25 25 10
Food sales 177 177 177 82 Q N N Q Q
Food service 380 380 380 283 Q Q Q 47 Q
Health care 157 157 157 95 23 2 Q 10 Q
Inpatient 10 10 10 8 9 1 1 2 Q
Outpatient 147 147 147 87 15 Q Q Q Q
Lodging 158 158 158 99 28 4 Q 26 Q
Mercantile 602 602 599 356 44 Q N 51 22
Retail (other than mall) 438 438 435 232 37 Q N 43 Q
Enclosed and strip malls 164 164 164 124 7 Q N 8 Q
Office 1,012 1,012 1,012 595 86 12 10 35 24
Public assembly 352 352 352 205 27 7 5 67 17
Public order and safety 84 84 84 53 34 Q Q Q Q
Religious worship 412 412 412 229 23 N Q 66 Q
Service 619 602 602 339 86 Q N 69 39
Warehouse and storage 796 676 675 261 26 Q N 45 16
Other 125 123 123 59 28 Q Q 22 Q
Vacant 296 116 116 44 Q Q Q Q Q
Year constructed                  
Before 1920 362 337 337 202 56 5 Q 45 Q
1920 to 1945 488 459 458 288 44 7 Q 35 22
1946 to 1959 599 554 554 334 53 5 Q 49 15
1960 to 1969 639 609 609 401 75 9 11 54 20
1970 to 1979 684 651 651 406 58 10 9 62 24
1980 to 1989 915 856 856 431 50 2 3 52 21
1990 to 1999 845 764 762 407 51 3 10 89 19
2000 to 2003 375 370 370 182 35 4 5 49 10
2004 to 2007 347 341 341 144 18 2 6 43 Q
2008 to 2012 303 297 296 138 27 Q Q 31 Q
Census region and division                  
Northeast 805 773 770 433 217 16 7 106 51
New England 302 287 285 98 115 Q Q 75 Q
Middle Atlantic 504 486 485 335 102 9 Q 31 22
Midwest 1,237 1,173 1,171 843 77 7 2 133 50
East North Central 735 706 706 577 46 3 2 37 28
West North Central 502 467 466 266 31 4 Q 96 22
South 2,247 2,086 2,086 950 131 18 35 187 34
South Atlantic 1,091 1,020 1,020 387 69 9 22 94 19
East South Central 370 354 354 191 30 Q Q 49 Q
West South Central 786 712 712 372 32 5 6 43 Q
West 1,267 1,207 1,207 707 43 7 9 84 37
Mountain 338 316 316 218 8 Q 1 29 12
Pacific 929 891 891 489 35 5 8 55 Q
Climate region2                  
Very cold/Cold 2,031 1,934 1,929 1,264 271 18 7 227 112
Mixed-humid 1,743 1,637 1,637 932 131 20 18 170 39
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry 837 791 791 428 22 4 7 59 14
Hot-humid 799 740 740 215 36 Q 21 51 Q
Marine 147 138 138 94 7 Q Q Q Q
Number of workers (main shift)                  
Fewer than 5 2,892 2,575 2,570 1,225 214 Q Q 286 84
5 to 9 1,085 1,084 1,084 606 73 Q Q 98 36
10 to 19 731 731 731 498 45 Q Q 66 24
20 to 49 513 513 513 348 44 11 9 40 11
50 to 99 206 206 206 154 39 7 9 11 9
100 to 249 93 93 93 74 30 7 6 7 6
250 or more 37 37 37 27 21 7 5 2 2
Weekly operating hours                  
Fewer than 40 1,149 942 941 433 58 Q Q 133 Q
40 to 48 1,346 1,325 1,325 726 125 7 12 93 30
49 to 60 1,244 1,232 1,229 757 102 11 10 112 65
61 to 84 764 744 744 454 49 9 9 59 26
85 to 167 479 466 466 281 30 6 12 40 17
Open continuously 575 529 529 282 102 11 11 73 19
Ownership and occupancy                  
Nongovernment owned 4,781 4,484 4,480 2,489 365 22 17 435 145
Owner occupied 2,466 2,400 2,395 1,317 223 13 14 297 100
Leased to tenant(s) 1,745 1,675 1,675 951 108 Q 2 107 31
Owner occupied and leased 349 344 344 198 29 2 1 29 13
Unoccupied 221 66 66 23 Q Q N Q Q
Government owned 776 755 755 444 101 26 37 75 27
Federal 33 33 33 21 Q 1 Q Q Q
State 185 183 183 100 15 18 20 13 Q
Local 558 538 538 322 83 7 16 57 16
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 5,234 5,234 5,234 2,933 467 48 54 507 167
Natural gas 2,933 2,933 2,933 2,933 164 17 21 69 72
Fuel oil 467 467 467 164 467 10 8 90 41
District heat 48 48 48 17 10 48 26 Q 1
District chilled water 54 54 54 21 8 26 54 Q Q
Propane 510 510 507 69 90 Q Q 510 38
Other 172 172 167 72 41 1 Q 38 172
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                 
Buildings with space heating 4,722 4,722 4,717 2,888 455 48 51 491 172
Buildings with cooling 4,461 4,461 4,461 2,700 360 44 54 420 126
Buildings with water heating 4,423 4,423 4,423 2,742 411 45 51 466 141
Buildings with cooking 1,589 1,589 1,589 1,087 166 14 9 234 60
Buildings with manufacturing 259 259 259 153 25 Q Q 43 Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
410 410 410 270 214 15 12 79 73
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                 
Snack bar or concession stand 153 153 153 96 24 3 2 22 5
Fast food or small restaurant 173 173 173 132 19 2 1 24 5
Cafeteria or large restaurant 130 130 130 104 35 6 3 17 11
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
282 282 282 221 49 4 3 38 10
Small kitchen area 736 736 736 459 82 3 3 121 31
1Other includes wood, coal, solar, and all other energy sources.
2
These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definition of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.