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Philippines' Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Primary Coal Production
thousand short tons
Geothermal Electricity Net Generation
billion kilowatthours
Primary Coal Consumption
thousand short tons
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Map of Philippines
Map of Philippines

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: December 2014

  • The Philippines is a net energy importer in spite of low consumption levels relative to its Southeast Asian neighbors. The country produces small volumes of oil, natural gas, and coal. Geothermal, hydropower, and other renewable sources constitute a significant share of electricity generation.
  • In 2011, total primary energy consumption in the Philippines was roughly 1.3 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu). Oil constituted roughly 41% of total consumption, coal made up 22%, biomass made up 19%, and the remainder came from natural gas and various renewable sources.
  • In 2013, total oil production was 26,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) while the country consumed 299,000 bbl/d. In May 2014, the government invited tenders for 11 oil and gas blocks in the Palawan Basin and nearby areas, including one in the South China Sea, according to Reuters. This exploration bid round could push oil production up to 39,000 bbl/d by 2019.
  • Two of the blocks being launched for exploration licensing are located close to the Spratly Islands (of which a portion are claimed by the Philippines), which are areas under territorial dispute with China. EIA estimates the South China Sea contains approximately 11 billion barrels of oil and 190 trillion cubic feet of natural gas in proved and probable reserves.
  • The Philippines imported roughly 270,000 bbl/d of crude oil and petroleum products in 2013, with 35% of their crude oil imports coming from Saudi Arabia and Russia. The Philippines possesses the capacity to refine 290,000 bbl/d. Shell Philippines - a subsidiary of Shell - and Otto Energy play significant roles in the upstream sector, while Petron Corporation operates the largest refinery in the country, supplying nearly 40% of the country’s oil needs. The Philippines exports nearly all the crude oil it produces.

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