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Spain's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
Quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
Quadrillion Btu
Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
Thousand Barrels Per Day
Imports of Dry Natural Gas
Billion Cubic Feet
Wind Electricity Net Generation
Billion Kilowatthours
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Map of Spain
Map of Spain

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: September 2017

  • Spain is the sixth-largest energy consumer in Europe, after Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, and Turkey and has virtually no domestic production of liquid fuels or natural gas. Government regulation limits the share of total oil and natural gas that can be imported from any single country to ensure diversity of supply.
  • Spain has a negligible amount of oil reserves and produces very small amounts of crude oil and condensate. Because Spain lacks domestic petroleum resources, it imports virtually all of the oil needed to meet its demand, which in 2016 was nearly 1.3 million b/d. Spain typically imports crude oil from all regions except Asia. Most of their crude oil in 2016 came from Mexico, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Iraq, and Angola.
  • Liquid fuels accounted for about 46% of Spain's total primary energy consumption in 2016, although this share has declined since the 1990s.
  • The country has nine refineries with a total crude oil refining capacity of more than 1.4 million b/d, the third highest in Europe after Germany and Italy, according to Oil & Gas Journal.
  • Spain, Europe's seventh-largest consumer of natural gas, burned about 1 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2016. Natural gas accounted for about 19% of Spain's total energy consumption in 2016, according to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2017. Until the 2008 financial crisis, Spain was one of the fastest-growing natural gas markets in Europe. Spain saw an approximate 142% increase in natural gas consumption, mostly from the power sector, between 2000 and 2008. Since then, consumption declined for several years because of the global financial crisis and competition from other fuel sources. As the Spanish economy began to recover, the country's natural gas consumption increased by 6% between 2014 and 2016.

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