Only a small amount of crude oil is directly consumed in the United States. Nearly all of the crude oil that is produced in or imported into the United States is refined into petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel, which are then consumed. Liquids produced from natural gas processing are also consumed as petroleum products. Renewable biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, are used as substitutes for or as additives to refined petroleum products. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) includes biofuels in consumption of petroleum products. EIA uses product supplied to represent U.S. petroleum consumption.
In 2020, the United States consumed an average of about 18.12 million barrels of petroleum per day, or a total of about 6.63 billion barrels of petroleum. This was the lowest level of annual consumption since 1995. The drop in consumption in 2020 from 2019 was the largest recorded annual decline in U.S. petroleum demand. The decrease was largely the result of the global response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Petroleum product supplied data
U.S. petroleum supply and disposition data
Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum, Table 3.1: Petroleum Overview
Energy Explained: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products–Use of Oil
Last updated: March 9, 2021, with preliminary data from Petroleum Supply Monthly, February 2021.