U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Gulf of Mexico Fact Sheet

Release Date: July 12, 2019

Energy Data all tables

+ EXPAND ALL
U.S. Petroleum and Other Liquids Facts for 2018

 

million barrels
per day
Share of total U.S.
liquid fuels supplied
Liquid Fuels Production 18.2 89%
U.S. Crude Oil Production 11.0 54%
Total U.S. Federal Offshore 1.8 9%
Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore 1.7 9%
Natural Gas Liquids 4.3 21%
Refinery Processing Gain 1.1 6%
Biofuels 1.2 6%
Other1 0.5 3%
Stocks Withdrawn 0.0 0%
Net Imports 2.3 11%
Gross Imports into Gulf Coast 3.2 16%
Total U.S. Liquid Fuels Supplied2 20.5 100%
Federal Offshore share of U.S. crude oil production 16%
Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore share of U.S. crude oil production 16%
  1. Accounts for non-biofuel oxygenates, denaturants, other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and crude oil adjustments.
  2. Liquid fuels consumption equals product supplied reported in the Petroleum Supply Monthly
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
U.S. Crude Oil, Condensate and Natural Gas Liquid Proved Reserves, Year-end 2017
million barrels
Crude Oil Condensate
Natural Gas Plant Liquids
Total
U.S. Total Offshore 4,994 166 390 5,550
U.S. Federal Offshore 4,789 159 375 5,323
U.S. State Offshore 205 7 15 227
U.S. Onshore 34,166 2,666 18,853 55,685
U.S. Total Reserves 39,160 2,830 19,243 61,233
Total Gulf Offshore 4,766 166 390 5,322
Federal Gulf of Mexico 4,708 155 375 5,238
Gulf States Offshore 58 7 15 80
Total Offshore Percent of Total Reserves 13% 6% 2% 9%
Total Gulf Offshore Percent of Total Reserves 12% 6% 2% 9%
Note: Alaskan reserves are all shown as onshore.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Year-end 2017
U.S. Natural Gas Facts for 2018

 

trillion cubic feet Share of Total U.S.
Natural Gas Consumed
U.S. Dry Gas Production 30.4 96%
Total Federal Offshore Dry Production 0.9 4%
Federal Gulf of Mexico Offshore Dry Production 0.9 4%
Supplemental Gaseous Fuels 0.1 0%
Net Imports -0.7 4%
LNG Imports into Gulf Coast 0 0%
Net Storage Withdrawals 0.3 -1%
Balancing Item -0.2 0%
Total U.S. Natural Gas Consumed 30.0 100%
Federal Offshore Share of U.S. Dry Natural Gas Production 3%
Federal Gulf of Mexico Offshore Share of U.S. Dry Natural Gas 3%
Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Monthly (June 2019), DOE Office of Fossil Energy Import/Export Data, and EIA estimates.
U.S. Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Year-end 2017
  trillion cubic feet
U.S Total Offshore       6.8
U.S. Federal Offshore       6.5
U.S. State Offshore       0.3
U.S. Onshore       457.5
U.S. Total Reserves       464.3
Total Gulf Offshore       6.7
Federal Gulf of Mexico       6.4
Gulf States Offshore       0.3
 
Total Offshore Percent of Total Reserves       1%
Total Gulf Offshore Percent of Total Reserves       1%
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Year-end 2017  
U.S. Gulf Coast Operable Refinery Capacity As Of January 2019
  barrels per calendar day
Refiner Refinery State Capacity
Louisiana Gulf Coast Refining District
Alon Refining Krotz Springs Inc Krotz Springs LA 80,000
Calcasieu Refining Co Lake Charles LA 128,000
Chalmette Refining LLC Chalmette LA 190,000
Chevron USA Inc Pascagoula MS 356,440
Citgo Petroleum Corp Lake Charles LA 418,000
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co Baton Rouge LA 502,500
Marathon Petroleum Company LLC Garyville LA 564,000
Phillips 66 Company Belle Chasse LA 253,600
Phillips 66 Company Westlake LA 260,000
Placid Refining Co Port Allen LA 75,000
Shell Chemical LP Saraland AL 91,575
Shell Oil Products U.S. Convent LA 211,270
Shell Oil Products U.S. Norco LA 225,300
Valero Refining - Meraux LLC Meraux LA 125,000
Valero Refining New Orleans LLC Norco LA 215,000
Subtotal 3,695,685
Texas Gulf Coast Refining District
Buckeye Texas Processing LLC Corpus Christi TX 60,000
Citgo Refining & Chemical Inc Corpus Christi TX 157,500
Deer Park Refining LTD Partnership Deer Park TX 275,000
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co Baytown TX 560,500
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co Beaumont TX 369,024
Flint Hills Resources LP Corpus Christi TX 320,000
Houston Refining LP Houston TX 263,776
Kinder Morgan Crude & Condensate Galena Park TX 84,000
Magellan Terminal Holdings LP Corpus Christi TX 42,500
Marathon Petroleum Company LLC Galveston Bay TX 585,000
Motiva Enterprises LLC Port Arthur TX 607,000
Pasadena Refining Systems Inc Pasadena TX 112,229
Petromax Refining LLC Houston TX 25,000
Phillips 66 Company Sweeny TX 265,000
Premcor Refining Group Inc Port Arthur TX 335,000
Targa Channelview LLC Channelview TX 35,000
Total Petrochemicals Inc Port Arthur TX 225,500
Valero Refining Co Texas LP Corpus Christi TX 290,000
Valero Refining Co Texas LP Houston TX 205,000
Valero Refining Co Texas LP Texas City TX 225,000
Subtotal 5,042,029
Total U.S. Gulf Coast Capacity 8,737,714
Total U.S. Capacity 18,802,435
 
U.S. Gulf Coast Share of U.S. Refinery Capacity 46%
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Refinery Report, Table 3
U.S. Gulf Coast Natural Gas Processing Plants by Geographic Location, Year-end 2017
Geographic Location Number of Plants Total Capacity (Bcf per day) Total Flow (Bcf/day) Percent Utilization Average Capacity (MMcf/day)
Alabama 16 1 1 40% 63
Louisiana 50 9 5 49% 180
Mississippi 5 1 <1 53% 200
Texas 181 28 19 69% 155
Total U.S. Gulf Coast 252 39 25 64% 155
Total U.S. 510 81 53 66% 159
U.S. Gulf Coast Share 49% 48% 47%    

Units: Billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) and million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d).
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-757 Natural Gas Processing Plant Survey, Schedule A.