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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table PBA3. Sum of major fuel consumption totals and gross energy intensities by building activity subcategories, 2012

Released: December 2016

Sum of major fuel consumption 
All buildings  Total (trillion Btu) per
building
(million
Btu)
per
square foot
(thousand
Btu)
Distribution of
building-level intensities
(thousand Btu/square foot)
  Number of buildings (thousand) Total
floorspace
(million
square feet)
Floorspace
per building
(thousand
square feet)
25th
per-
centile
Median 75th
per-
centile
All buildings 5,557 87,093 15.7 6,963 1,253 80.0 18.9 45.9 89.0
Principal Building Activity
(Expanded)
                 
Education  389 12,239 31.5 842 2,166 68.8 31.1 50.8 81.1
College or university  27 1,883 69.2 231 8,506 122.9 57.0 89.1 128.0
K-12  232 9,175 39.6 536 2,311 58.4 30.9 49.0 75.8
Elementary or middle school  189 6,118 32.4 336 1,778 54.9 28.7 45.7 70.3
High school  43 3,056 71.6 200 4,675 65.3 42.2 63.6 93.1
Preschool or daycare  68 431 6.4 29 423 66.4 36.3 62.8 83.1
Other classroom education  62 750 12.1 46 744 61.4 22.5 37.3 86.6
Food sales  177 1,252 7.1 262 1,483 209.5 128.1 222.8 321.6
Convenience store1 131 470 3.6 102 778 216.3 128.1 231.6 354.7
Grocery store or food market  45 763 17.1 157 3,504 205.5 128.0 198.6 232.0
Other food sales  Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food service  380 1,819 4.8 514 1,355 282.7 94.4 241.1 449.0
Fast food  92 302 3.3 122 1,318 402.9 195.5 416.1 685.3
Restaurant or cafeteria  179 1,039 5.8 318 1,783 306.3 128.0 285.8 476.6
Bar, pub, or lounge 71 350 4.9 54 761 155.2 65.5 112.3 229.5
Other food service  37 128 3.4 20 534 156.4 33.9 92.6 230.3
Health care  157 4,155 26.5 718 4,578 172.7 42.4 63.2 90.9
Inpatient  10 2,374 247.8 549 57,281 231.1 163.8 205.7 272.6
Outpatient  147 1,781 12.1 169 1,147 94.8 33.5 61.7 82.1
Office (diagnostic)  60 510 8.5 35 580 68.6 32.4 56.7 76.4
Clinic or other outpatient  87 1,271 14.6 134 1,541 105.3 43.5 64.8 90.9
Lodging  158 5,826 36.9 564 3,574 96.9 48.1 69.1 119.1
Hotel  30 2,717 90.6 273 9,095 100.4 56.7 67.4 105.5
Motel or inn  61 602 9.9 43 710 71.8 45.7 53.7 106.5
Dormitory, fraternity, or sorority  25 805 32.7 63 2,562 78.4 24.1 58.2 84.0
Nursing home or assisted living 30 1,275 43.2 154 5,219 120.9 78.8 110.1 157.4
Other lodging  13 426 33.2 31 2,431 73.3 54.8 72.1 125.4
Mercantile  602 11,330 18.8 1,008 1,673 88.9 33.4 63.6 107.6
Retail (other than mall) 438 5,439 12.4 364 830 66.9 25.6 52.2 88.3
Retail store  336 4,504 13.4 299 888 66.3 22.1 49.7 84.0
Vehicle dealership  43 559 13.0 40 916 70.7 34.2 62.8 99.6
Other retail  59 376 6.4 26 434 67.9 40.7 71.7 126.5
Enclosed and strip malls 164 5,890 35.9 644 3,924 109.3 59.0 100.8 177.3
Strip shopping center  163 5,087 31.3 590 3,624 115.9 59.2 100.8 178.3
Enclosed mall  1 803 582.8 54 39,337 67.5 42.9 67.4 72.6
Office  1,012 15,952 15.8 1,241 1,226 77.8 32.6 52.7 80.2
Administrative or professional 558 8,937 16.0 755 1,352 84.4 31.2 50.9 72.8
Bank or other financial  91 920 10.1 79 865 85.7 60.8 90.5 114.2
Government  113 2,655 23.4 194 1,715 73.2 35.6 56.7 81.7
Medical (non-diagnostic)  50 302 6.0 18 347 57.9 29.3 48.5 63.7
Mixed-use  125 2,656 21.2 165 1,315 61.9 24.7 45.7 69.4
Other office  74 482 6.5 31 419 64.8 22.1 40.1 78.0
Public assembly  352 5,559 15.8 480 1,363 86.3 22.2 49.3 82.5
Library  24 761 32.0 76 3,184 99.5 43.7 68.2 85.3
Entertainment or culture 51 1,266 24.7 115 2,243 90.7 22.7 44.1 73.8
Recreation  100 1,898 18.9 147 1,468 77.6 25.0 51.3 96.4
Social or meeting  135 948 7.0 58 428 61.1 17.9 36.6 87.6
Other assembly  41 685 16.6 84 2,042 123.0 32.0 57.2 76.6
Public order and safety  84 1,440 17.2 133 1,583 92.2 32.9 62.1 107.7
Fire or police station  69 572 8.3 41 601 72.4 31.4 56.4 81.1
Courthouse or probation office 6 436 69.4 41 6,574 94.7 74.2 92.0 107.8
Other public order  9 432 49.9 50 5,783 115.9 104.9 119.5 140.4
Religious worship  412 4,557 11.1 173 421 38.0 12.5 25.1 49.8
Service  619 4,630 7.5 272 440 58.7 18.5 42.2 83.7
Post office or postal center  30 446 14.7 22 716 48.7 46.1 62.5 76.5
Repair shop  84 535 6.3 23 275 43.4 14.6 33.9 75.7
Vehicle service or repair  214 1,653 7.7 104 486 62.9 21.5 44.7 89.4
Vehicle storage or maintenance 176 1,311 7.4 64 363 48.8 8.9 27.6 68.2
Other service  114 685 6.0 59 519 86.0 23.8 49.0 109.8
Warehouse and storage  796 13,077 16.4 429 539 32.8 2.5 13.8 35.6
Nonrefrigerated 787 12,635 16.1 370 470 29.3 2.5 13.4 35.2
Warehouse 427 5,377 12.6 176 412 32.7 3.7 14.6 35.2
Distribution or shipping center 151 5,688 37.6 171 1,130 30.1 15.9 28.5 43.8
Self storage units  209 1,571 7.5 23 112 14.9 0.0 3.7 13.4
Refrigerated  8 443 52.1 59 6,898 132.5 35.8 85.9 229.0
Other  125 2,002 16.0 286 2,293 142.9 16.5 44.1 126.5
Laboratory  16 467 30.1 118 7,591 252.0 72.7 155.2 259.4
Other  109 1,535 14.0 168 1,541 109.7 15.3 39.7 123.7
Vacant  296 3,256 11.0 41 140 12.7 0.0 0.0 6.4
      1 Includes Convenience stores and Convenience stores with gas stations.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
Notes:  • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.  See the Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A, C, D, E, and F of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.