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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C36. Fuel oil expenditures by Census region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total fuel oil expenditures
(million dollars)
Fuel oil expenditures (dollars)
per gallon per square foot
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 2,146 367 553 164 3.29 3.41 3.32 3.42 0.35 0.09 0.08 0.05
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 10,000 551 79 106 Q 3.45 3.43 3.34 Q 0.94 0.48 0.33 Q
10,001 to 100,000 977 182 194 29 3.29 3.40 3.19 3.44 0.45 0.17 0.12 0.05
Over 100,000 619 106 253 97 3.16 3.40 3.42 3.42 0.19 0.04 0.05 0.04
Principal building activity                        
Education 460 42 148 Q 3.22 3.35 3.11 Q 0.48 0.08 0.30 Q
Health care 321 36 61 26 3.01 3.47 3.45 3.49 0.45 0.06 0.06 0.05
Office 316 28 68 37 3.42 3.42 3.40 3.41 0.19 0.03 0.04 0.04
All others 1,048 262 276 93 3.39 3.40 3.39 3.40 0.38 0.14 0.07 0.06
Year constructed                        
Before 1945 662 19 51 Q 3.37 3.54 3.23 Q 0.43 0.06 0.09 Q
1946 to 1979 961 106 172 50 3.22 3.41 3.41 3.42 0.42 0.08 0.09 0.05
1980 to 1999 408 89 153 65 3.34 3.39 3.41 3.42 0.25 0.07 0.06 0.05
2000 to 2012 115 Q 176 Q 3.29 3.40 3.18 3.44 0.18 Q 0.10 0.04
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 1,579 310 N 78 3.30 3.41 N 3.38 0.45 0.09 N 0.08
Mixed-humid 567 Q 418 N 3.27 3.36 3.38 N 0.22 Q 0.10 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 46 N N Q 3.46 N N Q 0.03
Hot-humid N N 120 Q N N 3.10 Q N N 0.05 Q
Marine N N N 26 N N N 3.44 N N N 0.04
Number of floors                        
One 481 207 266 55 3.29 3.40 3.22 3.39 0.47 0.27 0.14 0.12
Two 591 60 107 26 3.33 3.45 3.49 3.39 0.54 0.07 0.12 0.04
Three 503 Q 23 5 3.31 3.37 3.38 3.43 0.58 Q 0.04 0.03
Four to nine 457 50 116 56 3.22 3.41 3.37 3.46 0.26 0.04 0.05 0.05
Ten or more 114 28 42 Q 3.31 3.40 3.39 3.40 0.09 0.05 0.03 Q
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 10 617 209 128 Q 3.38 3.42 3.37 Q 0.63 0.40 0.21 Q
10 to 99 882 67 207 36 3.35 3.35 3.19 3.43 0.48 0.06 0.11 0.04
100 or more 647 91 218 92 3.14 3.42 3.42 3.42 0.20 0.04 0.05 0.04
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 48 643 56 166 11 3.35 3.47 3.15 3.42 0.46 0.08 0.22 0.03
49 to 84 735 102 173 70 3.30 3.40 3.41 3.42 0.33 0.08 0.07 0.06
85 to 167 139 34 24 Q 3.23 3.40 3.41 Q 0.29 0.06 0.04 Q
Open continuously 629 174 190 69 3.23 3.39 3.39 3.43 0.33 0.13 0.06 0.05
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 1,546 214 335 128 3.33 3.40 3.39 3.42 0.37 0.08 0.07 0.05
Owner occupied 1,014 117 164 77 3.31 3.43 3.41 3.40 0.56 0.09 0.08 0.08
Leased to tenant(s) 372 59 119 27 3.39 3.37 3.35 3.44 0.24 0.09 0.07 0.03
Owner occupied and leased 160 33 50 24 3.34 3.39 3.43 3.46 0.19 0.06 0.05 0.04
Unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
Government owned 600 Q 218 36 3.19 3.41 3.21 3.40 0.32 0.11 0.10 0.05
Federal Q Q 21 Q Q Q 3.39 Q Q Q 0.03 Q
State Q 17 Q Q 3.09 3.40 3.36 Q Q 0.04 Q Q
Local 495 Q 167 17 3.20 3.41 3.16 3.42 0.39 Q 0.14 0.05
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 1,947 336 479 149 3.29 3.40 3.31 3.41 0.35 0.09 0.08 0.05
Business owner or tenant 138 Q 59 Q 3.28 Q 3.37 Q 0.37 Q 0.10 Q
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 1,983 349 481 150 3.29 3.41 3.30 3.41 0.35 0.10 0.08 0.05
Business owner or tenant Q Q 42 Q Q Q 3.45 Q Q Q 0.09 Q
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of establishments                        
One 1,698 188 383 99 3.27 3.43 3.39 3.42 0.50 0.08 0.09 0.06
2 to 5 255 Q 122 52 3.33 3.38 3.07 3.40 0.16 0.17 0.08 0.06
6 to 10 Q Q Q Q 3.28 Q 3.39 Q 0.34 Q 0.05 Q
11 to 20 Q Q 9 Q Q Q 3.42 Q Q Q 0.02 Q
More than 20 Q Q 26 8 3.61 Q 3.53 3.45 Q Q 0.03 0.02
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 976 75 310 56 3.25 3.37 3.36 3.40 0.34 0.04 0.10 0.06
Concrete (block or poured) 474 55 95 55 3.28 3.48 3.53 3.41 0.39 0.08 0.06 0.05
Concrete panels 50 31 50 32 3.47 3.46 2.67 3.40 0.15 0.04 0.04 0.05
Siding or shingles 429 Q Q Q 3.40 Q Q Q 0.67 Q Q Q
Metal panels Q 121 66 Q 3.34 3.40 3.37 Q 0.36 0.39 0.15 Q
Window glass Q Q 9 Q Q Q 3.37 Q Q Q 0.03 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 295 126 134 Q 3.34 3.40 3.38 Q 0.56 0.20 0.18 Q
Synthetic or rubber 612 Q 114 82 3.29 3.38 3.40 3.40 0.23 Q 0.05 0.06
Built-up 518 58 128 44 3.21 3.46 3.39 3.39 0.33 0.05 0.06 0.05
Slate or tile shingles Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
492 22 128 13 3.34 3.46 3.41 3.52 0.62 0.06 0.12 0.04
Concrete Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 1,129 135 267 112 3.27 3.41 3.39 3.42 0.26 0.05 0.05 0.05
Shallow pitch 383 Q 229 40 3.34 3.42 3.22 3.39 0.45 0.21 0.14 0.06
Steeper pitch 633 62 57 Q 3.30 3.36 3.39 Q 0.70 0.19 0.10 Q
Cool roof 480 89 154 68 3.28 3.42 3.42 3.41 0.30 0.08 0.07 0.07
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 1,315 210 289 120 3.28 3.39 3.37 3.41 0.33 0.09 0.07 0.06
Addition or annex 527 Q 101 42 3.12 3.38 3.41 3.39 0.40 Q 0.07 0.06
Reduction in floorspace Q Q 25 Q Q Q 3.52 Q Q Q 0.10 Q
Roof replacement 933 178 149 53 3.27 3.40 3.39 3.38 0.37 0.11 0.07 0.05
Exterior wall replacement 220 15 19 Q 3.17 3.41 3.60 Q 0.44 0.04 0.04 Q
Interior wall reconfiguration 606 52 192 69 3.19 3.42 3.36 3.40 0.28 0.04 0.08 0.05
Window replacement 672 32 93 Q 3.20 3.44 3.34 3.39 0.41 0.05 0.07 0.04
HVAC equipment upgrade 820 68 188 75 3.26 3.41 3.36 3.41 0.28 0.04 0.07 0.05
Lighting upgrade 884 94 194 73 3.26 3.41 3.35 3.41 0.32 0.06 0.07 0.05
Electrical upgrade 667 49 140 55 3.26 3.41 3.35 3.39 0.37 0.05 0.08 0.06
Plumbing system upgrade 579 Q 92 40 3.37 3.40 3.31 3.39 0.36 Q 0.06 0.04
Insulation upgrade 203 26 63 28 3.31 3.44 3.35 3.37 0.29 0.04 0.10 0.05
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 663 40 157 71 3.25 3.43 3.36 3.39 0.31 0.03 0.07 0.06
Structural upgrade 138 9 54 Q 3.30 3.41 3.42 3.41 0.38 0.03 0.10 0.05
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 779 140 196 37 3.31 3.42 3.42 3.41 0.43 0.10 0.08 0.04
Buildings constructed 2008 or later Q Q Q Q Q Q 2.90 Q Q Q 0.17 Q
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 2,146 367 553 164 3.29 3.41 3.32 3.42 0.35 0.09 0.08 0.05
Natural gas 532 121 233 115 3.31 3.40 3.42 3.42 0.15 0.04 0.05 0.04
Fuel oil 2,146 367 553 164 3.29 3.41 3.32 3.42 0.35 0.09 0.08 0.05
District heat 41 29 58 31 3.51 3.36 3.36 3.40 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.06
District chilled water 16 Q 38 Q 3.48 3.38 3.40 3.37 0.06 Q 0.03 0.07
Propane 725 Q 134 37 3.16 3.39 3.35 3.39 0.72 Q 0.16 0.07
Other 137 Q Q 12 3.41 Q 3.34 3.46 0.37 Q Q 0.06
Space-heating energy sources                        
Fuel oil 1,946 231 270 Q 3.27 3.41 3.40 Q 0.68 0.35 0.35 Q
Fuel oil main 1,863 Q 252 Q 3.27 Q 3.39 Q 0.94 Q 0.84 Q
Fuel oil secondary 82 24 18 Q 3.20 3.37 3.53 Q 0.10 0.05 0.04 Q
Other excluding fuel oil 176 136 269 111 3.41 3.41 3.23 3.42 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04
Buildings without heating Q Q 14 Q Q Q 3.67 Q Q Q 0.05 Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 36 22 145 22 3.34 3.43 3.09 3.42 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.04
Natural gas 132 98 100 66 3.34 3.41 3.43 3.43 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04
Fuel oil 1,863 Q 252 Q 3.27 Q 3.39 Q 0.94 Q 0.84 Q
District heat 40 28 39 Q 3.52 3.36 3.39 3.41 0.04 0.07 0.03 0.04
Propane Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources                        
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 1,692 263 534 146 3.30 3.41 3.31 3.42 0.31 0.07 0.08 0.05
Buildings without cooling 403 Q Q Q 3.33 Q Q Q 0.68 Q Q Q
Water-heating energy sources                        
Fuel oil 1,231 Q Q Q 3.22 Q Q Q 0.88 Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 803 295 391 143 3.42 3.40 3.43 3.42 0.18 0.08 0.06 0.05
Buildings without water heating Q Q Q Q 3.26 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking energy sources                        
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 1,203 121 339 109 3.23 3.40 3.39 3.43 0.31 0.05 0.08 0.05
Buildings without cooking 909 245 213 55 3.38 3.41 3.22 3.39 0.42 0.17 0.07 0.05
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 2,122 367 540 148 3.28 3.41 3.31 3.42 0.35 0.09 0.08 0.05
Buildings with cooling 1,743 264 536 146 3.28 3.41 3.31 3.42 0.32 0.07 0.08 0.05
Buildings with water heating 2,034 310 530 158 3.29 3.40 3.40 3.42 0.35 0.08 0.08 0.05
Buildings with cooking 1,237 122 340 109 3.23 3.40 3.39 3.43 0.32 0.05 0.08 0.05
Buildings with manufacturing 117 Q Q Q 3.23 Q Q Q 0.34 Q Q Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
921 142 423 127 3.23 3.40 3.30 3.42 0.23 0.04 0.06 0.04
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated Q Q 14 Q Q Q 3.67 Q Q Q 0.05 Q
1 to 50 113 Q 52 19 3.26 Q 2.67 3.43 0.23 Q 0.08 0.04
51 to 99 307 24 84 24 3.28 3.41 3.38 3.45 0.24 0.04 0.07 0.03
100 1,702 309 403 105 3.28 3.39 3.40 3.40 0.40 0.10 0.08 0.06
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 153 12 109 18 3.33 3.42 3.26 3.44 0.22 0.03 0.08 0.03
Furnaces Q Q Q Q 3.46 3.24 3.41 Q 0.79 0.06 0.11 Q
Individual space heaters 604 114 148 Q 3.26 3.44 3.40 3.41 0.32 0.09 0.08 0.07
District heat 41 29 57 Q 3.51 3.36 3.36 3.41 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.04
Boilers 1,470 103 265 59 3.24 3.44 3.23 3.44 0.43 0.05 0.11 0.04
Packaged heating units 612 208 240 66 3.32 3.38 3.42 3.40 0.29 0.10 0.06 0.05
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 1,410 243 306 113 3.35 3.40 3.38 3.42 0.40 0.11 0.09 0.07
Distributed system 233 22 55 15 3.26 3.39 3.51 3.43 0.27 0.05 0.07 0.04
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
391 46 170 30 3.12 3.38 3.41 3.41 0.27 0.04 0.07 0.03
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 170 37 127 50 3.27 3.41 3.44 3.42 0.15 0.04 0.07 0.06
Fast food or small restaurant 68 30 67 Q 3.14 3.40 3.51 3.42 0.09 0.04 0.05 0.04
Cafeteria or large restaurant 664 52 223 62 3.20 3.46 3.41 3.44 0.31 0.04 0.10 0.05
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
482 71 171 59 3.25 3.39 3.39 3.43 0.28 0.05 0.07 0.05
Small kitchen area 499 55 154 37 3.27 3.39 3.41 3.41 0.33 0.05 0.11 0.05
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 572 105 260 90 3.17 3.42 3.42 3.41 0.19 0.04 0.07 0.04
Regular HVAC maintenance 1,813 256 470 142 3.30 3.40 3.30 3.42 0.32 0.07 0.07 0.05
Building automation system (BAS)2 684 204 372 111 3.15 3.40 3.30 3.42 0.20 0.07 0.07 0.05
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 1,525 192 403 113 3.32 3.39 3.28 3.40 0.32 0.07 0.09 0.05
Cooling 1,242 135 406 97 3.32 3.39 3.29 3.40 0.30 0.05 0.08 0.05
Lighting 2,021 286 514 150 3.29 3.41 3.32 3.42 0.36 0.08 0.08 0.05
Annual consumption
(gallons)
                       
1,000 or less 155 59 102 33 3.63 3.48 3.47 3.51 0.08 0.03 0.03 0.02
1,001 to 5,000 490 Q 144 43 3.40 3.39 3.35 3.40 0.30 Q 0.09 0.06
5,001 to 10,000 390 111 80 40 3.32 3.37 2.89 3.38 0.47 0.25 0.10 0.10
10,001 to 25,000 395 Q 57 Q 3.29 3.45 3.42 Q 0.44 0.11 0.07 Q
Over 25,000 716 Q 170 Q 3.15 Q 3.40 Q 0.98 Q 0.48 Q
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A amd F of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.